Skip to main content Accessibility help

Added nerineoid gastropod evidence for a warm Turonian sea in southern California

  • L. R. Saul (a1) and R. L. Squires (a2)


Nerineoids, so typical of the Jurassic and Early Cretaceous in Europe, are usually rare and lacking in diversity in North America north of Mexico. This is especially true of the Pacific slope faunas. Only three species of nerineoid gastropods have previously been reported from the Cretaceous of California (Saul and Squires, 1998). The oldest of these species, Aphanoptyxis andersoni Saul and Squires, 1998, is from the Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian) in northern California. The other two species are Late Cretaceous (Turonian): Aphanoptyxis californica Saul and Squires, 1998, is from northern California, and Nerinella santana Saul and Squires, 1998, is from a locality and strata in southern California near the occurrence of Nerinella califae n. sp. The description of N. califae n. sp. gives California the greatest diversity of Turonian northeastern Pacific slope nerineoids, namely, Aphanoptyxis californica and two species of Nerinella. These Turonian nerineoids are also, thus far, the geologically youngest North American Pacific slope nerineoids.



Hide All
Anderson, F. M. 1902. Cretaceous deposits of the Pacific Coast. California Academy of Sciences, Proceedings, Series 3, 2:1154, pls. 1–12.
Anderson, F. M. 1958. Upper Cretaceous of the Pacific Coast. Geological Society of America, Memoir 71, 378 p., 75 pls.
Anderson, F. M., and Hanna, G. D. 1935. Cretaceous geology of Lower California. California Academy of Sciences, Proceedings, Series 4, 23:134, pl. 1–11.
Barker, M. J. 1990. The paleobiology of nerineacean gastropods. Historical Biology, 3:249264.
Bolton, T. E. 1965. Catalogue of type invertebrate fossils of the Geological Survey of Canada. Volume II. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 344 p.
Conrad, T. A. 1862. Descriptions of new genera, subgenera, and species of Tertiary and Recent shells. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Proceedings, 14:284291.
Cox, L. R. 1951. Application for a ruling that the ‘Prodomo’ of S. A. Renier and the ‘Prospetto della Classe dei Vermi’ (dated 1804) prepared for inclusion in the ‘Prodoma’ were not published within the meaning of Article 25 of the ‘Règies.’ Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 2:299300.
Defrance, J. M. L. 1825. Article sur les Neriné, p. 462464. In Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des differens Êtres de la Nature. …… Suppléments 34 bis 38: Strasbourg et Paris, 60 vols.
Fischer, P. 1880–1887. Manuel de Conchyliologie et de Paléontologie Conchyliologique. F. Savy Librairie, Paris, 1369 p., 23 pl.
Fry, J. G., Bottjer, D. J., and Lund, S. P. 1985. Magnetostratigraphy of displaced Upper Cretaceous strata in southern California. Geology, 13:648651.
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1954. Opinion 316: Rejection for nomenclatorial purposes of the Tavola alfabetica delle Conchiglei Adriatiche and Prospetto delta Classe di Vermi of S. A. Renier commonly attributed to the year 1804. Opinions and declarations rendered by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 9(5):91100.
Kollmann, H. A. 1976. Gastropoden aus den Losensteiner Schichten der Umgebung von Losenstein (Oberösterriech). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 80:163206, pl. 1–7.
Kollmann, H. A. 1987. Eine Cenomane Gastropodenfauna aus Nea Nikopolis bei Kozani (Mazedonien, Griechenland). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 89(A):3756, pl. 1–3.
Korotkov, V. A. 1997. The Jurassic-Cretaceous phase in the evolution of nerineids (Gastropoda). Paleontological Journal, 31(6):595599. [Translated from Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 1997, 6:29–33].
Kowalke, V. T., and Bandel, K. 1996. Systematik und Päloökologie der nordalpinen Brandenberg-Gosau (Oberconiac/Untersanton) mit einem Vergleich zur Gastropodenfauna des Maastrichts des Trempbeckens (Südpyrenäen, Spanien). Mitteilungen der Bayerischen Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Historische Geologie, 36:1517, pl. 1–10.
Meek, F. B. 1863. Remarks on the family Actaeonidae, with descriptions of some new genera and subgenera. American Journal of Science, Series 2, 35:8494.
Mongin, D. 1990. Les mollusques Crétacés du gisement de bauxite de Bacque, Pyrenees Ariegeoises, France. Revue de Paléobiologie, 9(2):321334.
Morton, P. K., and Miller, R. V. 1973. Geologic map of Orange County, California. In Morton, P. K., Miller, R. V., and Fife, D. L. (compilers), Preliminary Geo-Environmental Maps of Orange County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, Preliminary Report 15.
Morton, P. K., and Miller, R. V. 1981. Geologic map of Orange County California showing mines and mineral deposits. California Division of Mines and Geology, Bulletin 204, plate 1 (later designated Miscellaneous Publications MM007. Also accompanies P. K. Morton et al., 1979, Environmental Geology of Orange County. California Division of Mines and Geology, Open-File Report 79-08).
Nardo, G. D. 1847. Prospetto della fauna marina volgare del Veneto estuario, p. 113156. In Venezia e le sue Lagune, Volume 2, Pt. 1. Antonelli, Venice.
Orbigny, A. d'. 1842–1843. Paléontologie Française, Terrains Crétacés volume 2, Gastéropodes. Published by the author, Paris, 465 p., pl. 149–236, 153bis, 186 bis .
Packard, E. L. 1922. New species from the Cretaceous of the Santa Ana Mountains, California. University of California Publications, Department of Geological Sciences, Bulletin, 31:413462, pl. 24–38.
Pchelintsev, V. F. 1960. Superfamily Nerineacea, p. 119125. In Pchelintsev, V. F. and Korobkov, I. A. (eds.), Mollyuski-Bryukhonogie, Osnovy Paleontologii. Gosudarstvennoe nauchno-tekhnicheskoe izdatel'stvo literatury po geologii i okhrane nedr. Mockha, 4.
Pchelintsev, V. F. 1965 [1968]. Mesozoic Murchisoniata of the Crimean highlands. American Geological Institute, International Geology Review, Book Section iv + 46 p, 8 pls. [Partial translation of Mesozoic Murchonisoniata from the strata of the Crimean mountains. Izvestiya Akadmii Nauk SSSR, Moscow-Leningrad].
Ponder, W. F., and Warén, A. 1988. Classification of the Caenogastropoda and Heterostropha—a list of the family-group names and higher taxa. Malacological Review, Supplement 4, Appendix:288328.
Popenoe, W. P. 1937. Upper Cretaceous Mollusca from southern California. Journal of Paleontology, 11:379402, pl. 45–49.
Saul, L. R., and Squires, R. L. 1998. New Cretaceous Gastropoda from California. Palaeontology, 41:461488, 3 pls.
Sharp, D. 1850. Remarks on the genus Nerinaea, with an account of the species found in Portugal. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London, 6:101115, pl. 12–13.
Sohl, N. D. 1987. Cretaceous gastropods: contrasts between Tethys and the temperate provinces. Journal of Paleontology 61:10851111.
Sohl, N. D., and Kollmann, H. A. 1985. Cretaceous actaeonellid gastropods from the Western Hemisphere. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1304, 104 p.
Taylor, J. D., Morris, N. J., and Taylor, C. N. 1980. Food specialization and the evolution of predatory prosobranch gastropods. Palaeontology, 23:375409.
Wenz, W. 1940. Superfamilia Nerineacea, p. 816831. In Schindewolf, O. H. (ed.), Handbuch der Paläozoologie, Band 6, Prosobranchia, Teil 4. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin [Reprinted 1960–1961].
Whiteaves, J. E. 1884. On the fossils of the coal-bearing deposits of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. Geological Survey of Canada, Mesozoic Fossils, 1(3):191262, pl. 21–32.
Wieczorek, J., and Llompart, C. 1997. Cretaceous nerineacean gastropods in Spain: stratigraphic and biogeographic remarks. Batalleria, 7:58.
Zittel, K. A. 1873. Gastropoden der Stramberger Schichten. Palaeontographica: Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Vorwelt, Supplement Band 2, 3:193373.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Added nerineoid gastropod evidence for a warm Turonian sea in southern California

  • L. R. Saul (a1) and R. L. Squires (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.