McArdle, WD, Katch, FI & Katch, VL (2010) Exercise Physiology: Nutrition, Energy, and Human Performance, 7th ed.
Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Mayer, J, Roy, P & Mitra, KP (1956) Relation between caloric intake, body weight, and physical work: studies in an industrial male population in West Bengal. Am J Clin Nutr
Blundell, JE, Stubbs, RJ, Hughes, DA, et al. (2003) Cross talk between physical activity and appetite control: does physical activity stimulate appetite?
Proc Nutr Soc
Farah, NM, Malkova, D & Gill, JM (2010) Effects of exercise on postprandial responses to ad libitum feeding in overweight men. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Hays, NP, Starling, RD, Sullivan, DH, et al. (2006) Effects of an ad libitum, high carbohydrate diet and aerobic exercise training on insulin action and muscle metabolism in older men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci
King, JA, Miyashita, M, Wasse, LK, et al. (2010) Influence of prolonged treadmill running on appetite, energy intake and circulating concentrations of acylated ghrelin. Appetite
King, NA, Lluch, A, Stubbs, RJ, et al. (1997) High dose exercise does not increase hunger or energy intake in free living males. Eur J Clin Nutr
Kissileff, HR, Pi-Sunyer, FX, Segal, K, et al. (1990) Acute effects of exercise on food intake in obese and nonobese women. Am J Clin Nutr
Lluch, A, King, NA & Blundell, JE (1998) Exercise in dietary restrained women: no effect on energy intake but change in hedonic ratings. Eur J Clin Nutr
Edholm, OG, Adam, JM, Healy, MJ, et al. (1970) Food intake and energy expenditure of army recruits. Br J Nutr
Martins, C, Morgan, L & Truby, H (2008) A review of the effects of exercise on appetite regulation: an obesity perspective. Int J Obes (Lond)
Whybrow, S, Hughes, DA, Ritz, P, et al. (2008) The effect of an incremental increase in exercise on appetite, eating behaviour and energy balance in lean men and women feeding ad libitum
. Br J Nutr
Alkahtani, SA, Byrne, NM, Hills, AP, et al. (2014) Interval training intensity affects energy intake compensation in obese men. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab
Sim, AY, Wallman, KE, Fairchild, TJ, et al. (2014) High-intensity intermittent exercise attenuates ad-libitum energy intake. Int J Obes (Lond)
Westerterp-Plantenga, MS, Verwegen, CR, Ijedema, MJ, et al. (1997) Acute effects of exercise or sauna on appetite in obese and nonobese men. Physiol Behav
Scheurink, AJ, Ammar, AA, Benthem, B, et al. (1999) Exercise and the regulation of energy intake. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
23, Suppl. 3, S1–S6.
Martins, C, Morgan, LM, Bloom, SR, et al. (2007) Effects of exercise on gut peptides, energy intake and appetite. J Endocrinol
King, NA, Tremblay, A & Blundell, JE (1997) Effects of exercise on appetite control: implications for energy balance. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Deighton, K & Stensel, DJ (2014) Creating an acute energy deficit without stimulating compensatory increases in appetite: is there an optimal exercise protocol?
Proc Nutr Soc
Melzer, K, Kayser, B, Saris, WH, et al. (2005) Effects of physical activity on food intake. Clin Nutr
Andersson, B, Xu, XF, Rebuffe-Scrive, M, et al. (1991) The effects of exercise, training on body composition and metabolism in men and women. Int J Obes
Donnelly, JE, Jacobsen, DJ, Heelan, KS, et al. (2000) The effects of 18 months of intermittent vs. continuous exercise on aerobic capacity, body weight and composition, and metabolic fitness in previously sedentary, moderately obese females. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
Donnelly, JE, Kirk, EP, Jacobsen, DJ, et al. (2003) Effects of 16 mo of verified, supervised aerobic exercise on macronutrient intake in overweight men and women: the Midwest Exercise Trial. Am J Clin Nutr
Elder, SJ & Roberts, SB (2007) The effects of exercise on food intake and body fatness: a summary of published studies. Nutr Rev
Klaus, S (2004) Adipose tissue as a regulator of energy balance. Curr Drug Targets
Woo, R, Garrow, JS & Pi-Sunyer, FX (1982) Effect of exercise on spontaneous calorie intake in obesity. Am J Clin Nutr
Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee (2008) Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services.
Donnelly, JE, Blair, SN, Jakicic, JM, et al. (2009) American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Appropriate physical activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Marcus, BH, Williams, DM, Dubbert, PM, et al. (2006) Physical activity intervention studies: what we know and what we need to know: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity); Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young; and the Interdisciplinary Working Group on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Circulation
Ainsworth, BE, Haskell, WL, Herrmann, SD, et al. (2011) 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities: a second update of codes and MET values. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Hind, K, Oldroyd, B & Truscott, JG (2011)
In vivo precision of the GE Lunar iDXA densitometer for the measurement of total body composition and fat distribution in adults. Eur J Clin Nutr
Carver, TE, Christou, NV & Andersen, RE (2013)
In vivo precision of the GE iDXA for the assessment of total body composition and fat distribution in severely obese patients. Obesity (Silver Spring)
Weir, JB (1990) New methods for calculating metabolic rate with special reference to protein metabolism: 1949. Nutrition
Brage, S, Brage, N, Ekelund, U, et al. (2006) Effect of combined movement and heart rate monitor placement on physical activity estimates during treadmill locomotion and free-living. Eur J Appl Physiol
Brage, S, Brage, N, Franks, PW, et al. (2005) Reliability and validity of the combined heart rate and movement sensor Actiheart. Eur J Clin Nutr
Brage, S, Brage, N, Franks, PW, et al. (2004) Branched equation modeling of simultaneous accelerometry and heart rate monitoring improves estimate of directly measured physical activity energy expenditure. J Appl Physiol
Brage, S, Ekelund, U, Brage, N, et al. (2007) Hierarchy of individual calibration levels for heart rate and accelerometry to measure physical activity. J Appl Physiol
Thompson, D, Batterham, AM, Bock, S, et al. (2006) Assessment of low-to-moderate intensity physical activity thermogenesis in young adults using synchronized heart rate and accelerometry with branched-equation modeling. J Nutr
Crouter, SE, Churilla, JR & Bassett, DR Jr (2008) Accuracy of the Actiheart for the assessment of energy expenditure in adults. Eur J Clin Nutr
Villars, C, Bergouignan, A, Dugas, J, et al. (2012) Validity of combining heart rate and uniaxial acceleration to measure free-living physical activity energy expenditure in young men. J Appl Physiol (1985)
Aadland, E & Ylvisaker, E (2015) Reliability of the Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometer in adults under free-living conditions. PLOS ONE
Ward, DS, Evenson, KR, Vaughn, A, et al. (2005) Accelerometer use in physical activity: best practices and research recommendations. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Tudor-Locke, C, Camhi, SM & Troiano, RP (2012) A catalog of rules, variables, and definitions applied to accelerometer data in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2006. Prev Chronic Dis
Hendelman, D, Miller, K, Baggett, C, et al. (2000) Validity of accelerometry for the assessment of moderate intensity physical activity in the field. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Blair, SN, LaMonte, MJ & Nichaman, MZ (2004) The evolution of physical activity recommendations: how much is enough?
Am J Clin Nutr
Saris, WH, Blair, SN, van Baak, MA, et al. (2003) How much physical activity is enough to prevent unhealthy weight gain? Outcome of the IASO 1st Stock Conference and consensus statement. Obes Rev
Erlichman, J, Kerbey, AL & James, WP (2002) Physical activity and its impact on health outcomes. Paper 1: the impact of physical activity on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: an historical perspective. Obes Rev
Schoeller, DA (1998) Balancing energy expenditure and body weight. Am J Clin Nutr
Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine (2005) Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients). Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Caudwell, P, Gibbons, C, Hopkins, M, et al. (2013) No sex difference in body fat in response to supervised and measured exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc
Paul, DR, Novotny, JA & Rumpler, WV (2004) Effects of the interaction of sex and food intake on the relation between energy expenditure and body composition. Am J Clin Nutr
Westerterp, KR & Goran, MI (1997) Relationship between physical activity related energy expenditure and body composition: a gender difference. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
King, NA, Hopkins, M, Caudwell, P, et al. (2008) Individual variability following 12 weeks of supervised exercise: identification and characterization of compensation for exercise-induced weight loss. Int J Obes (Lond)
World Health Organization (1985) Energy and Protein Requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. World Health Organization Technical Report Series 724. Geneva: WHO.
Archer, E, Hand, GA & Blair, SN (2013) Validity of U.S. nutritional surveillance: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey caloric energy intake data, 1971–2010. PLOS ONE
Hill, RJ & Davies, PS (2001) The validity of self-reported energy intake as determined using the doubly labelled water technique. Br J Nutr
Westerterp, KR & Plasqui, G (2004) Physical activity and human energy expenditure. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care
Gemming, L, Rush, E, Maddison, R, et al. (2014) Wearable cameras can reduce dietary under-reporting: doubly labelled water validation of a camera-assisted 24 h recall. Br J Nutr (epublication ahead of print version 28 November 2014).
Arab, L & Winter, A (2010) Automated camera-phone experience with the frequency of imaging necessary to capture diet. J Am Diet Assoc
O'Loughlin, G, Cullen, SJ, McGoldrick, A, et al. (2013) Using a wearable camera to increase the accuracy of dietary analysis. Am J Prev Med
Blair, SN (2009) Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br J Sports Med
Catenacci, VA & Wyatt, HR (2007) The role of physical activity in producing and maintaining weight loss. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab
Stubbs, RJ, Sepp, A, Hughes, DA, et al. (2002) The effect of graded levels of exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
Westerterp, KR, Meijer, GA, Janssen, EM, et al. (1992) Long-term effect of physical activity on energy balance and body composition. Br J Nutr
Schutz, YND, Byrne, NM & Hills, AP (2014) Effectiveness of three different walking prescription durations on total physical activity in normal- and overweight women. Obes Facts
Donnelly, JE, Herrmann, SD, Lambourne, K, et al. (2014) Does increased exercise or physical activity alter ad-libitum daily energy intake or macronutrient composition in healthy adults? A systematic review. PLOS ONE