A study was understand in 43 patients to determine the role of surgery in tuberculous mastoidits. Cortical mastoidectomy was performed on five patients (Group I). Incision and drainage of a post-auricular abscess, removal of sequestrum and meatoplasty in eight (Group II).
Thirty patients had no ear surgery (Group III). Of the 17 Patients with facial palsy, three were in Group I, two in Group II, 12 in Group III. The patients in all three groups were treated with anti-tuberculous drugs for a period of no less than six months.
The average time taken for the otorrhoea to subside and granulation issue to resolve completely was two months in all three groups. The facial nerve recovery in the non-operated ears (Group I and II) 80 per cent.
The conclusion is that chemotherapy is the management of choice in tuberculous mastoidits. The only role of surgery is incision and drainage of a post-auricular abscess and removal of sequestrum if present.