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The Excavations at Al Mina, Sueidia IV. The Early Greek Vases

  • Martin Robertson (a1)

Extract

The material published here is the Greek pottery from levels 5 to 9. This falls into two groups: that from levels 5 to 7 and that from levels 8 and 9. Within these groups there was evidently much disturbance, and bits of the same vase are frequently found in several levels. Even between the two main groups such overlaps occur, and there are pieces which, though they do not join fragments in the other group, seem out of context; but in the main the division between levels 7 and 8 seems significant, and I have treated the two groups separately while merely recording differences of level within them. Pl. I, m and n come from level 4 with Attic red-figure pottery, which is plainly an accident. I am only able to publish a small proportion of the pottery, and have tried to combine a general conspectus of the material with the reproduction of most of the outstanding pieces. For some classes—e.g., black Ionian cups and jugs, and to a great extent bird-bowls and the like—I have relied on references to identical material published elsewhere.

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References

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1 There was a little pottery from level 10, but it was not brought to London, and I have not seen it. I understand that it did not differ strongly in character from that of levels 8 and 9.

2 Fig. 1, h irregular unslipped patch under the handle; e and l unslipped.

3 E.g., CR III, 101, VI–VII, 119 ff.; Délos XV, pls. 6, 7, 15, 26. The wavy line (Fig. 2, m) is in like case.

4 Délos XV, Pl. 26, Skyphoi géometriques des Cyclades, Groupe Ae, 4–19.

5 CR VI–VII, 189 ff., T. 80. There are also three fragments from Vroulia (Kinch, 132, Pl. 17, 5). All other material from that site is post-Geometric, and little of it earlier than the middle of the seventh century.

6 Annuario VIII–IX, 203–34.

7 Albizzati, 1–5, Pl. 1.

8 AM 54, 159.

9 Cf. Délos XV, Pl. 28, Ae 36 ff.

10 Cf. Délos XV, Pls. 32, Ae 87; 39, Bb 51.

11 Such as AM 58, 100, Abb. 42, from the Kerameikos.

12 Délos XV, Pl. 54, Be 4; also Pl. 44, Bc 8.

13 See Young, R. S. in Hesperia, Suppl. II, 34.

14 AM 58, 52, Abb. 1, Beil. XVIII, 1.

15 Délos, XV, Ad, Pls. XX–XXII.

16 BSA XXXV, 202 ff.

17 Cf. the sub-Geometric vase in London, Weicher, Seelenvogel, Abb. 38, 39. See below, p. 13.

18 BSA XXIX, 289 f.; AM 1903, 186, Abb. 51.

19 See below, p. 13.

20 Payne, Necr. Fig. 4; PV Pl. 7.

21 JHS 46, 211.

22 See below, p. 12; cf. the Cycladic aryballoi of a shape derived from late Protocorinthian and decoration from ‘Rhodian’ of about 600 B.C.

23 Cf. JHS 46, Pls. 8–10 (except 9, 2); Dugas, Céramique des Cyclades, Pl. 15; Delos XVII, Pls. 15 ff.

24 BSA XXXIV, 2 n. 1.

25 East Greek Pottery, 11 ff.

26 JDI 1933, 61 f. nn. 9, 10, 11; 69–83.

27 Vroulia, 195 ff.

28 CR VI–VII, Papatislures Sep. 12, pp. 51ff., 61 ff. and Sep. 27, pp. 81 ff.; Nisyros, Sep. 21, pp. 509 ff.

29 See below, pp. 12 ff.

30 Kinch, Fig. 115 is a ‘Rhodian’ B oenochoe clearly derived from the broad-jug style; see also on Pls. II, m–o and III, k, below, p. 16.

31 See below, p. 13.

32 CR III, 85 ff., 94 ff., 131 ff., 149; VI–VII, 41 ff. 75 ff., 119 ff., 189 ff.; VIII, 172.

32a See below, p. 16.

33 All ‘Rhodian’ fragments are slipped except where stated to be unslipped.

34 Vroulia, pp. 250 ff.

35 On Pl. I, e and Pl. II, m–o see below.

36 Vroulia, pp. 251 ff.

37 Kinch, Fig. 99; Fairbanks, 294, Pl. 28. It is a compressed version of the lotus-bud pattern, Kinch, Fig. 87, b.

38 Cf. also the squat oenochoe, Pl. II, r; see below.

39 Buschor, Fig. 60.

40 CR IV, 336 Fig. 372.

41 CR VI–VII, 97, Fig. 109.

42 JHS 44, Pl. 8. 1.

43 Cf. Kinch, Fig. 104.

44 BSA XXIX, Pl. 10, 7.

45 Compte-Rendu 1870–71, Pl. IV.

46 See above, p. 10.

47 AM 54, 23, Fig. 17, 1.

48 Pls. II, r, III, n–p; Annuario X–XII, Pl. 24, Fig. 462; Munich, , SH 449, Figs. 54, 55.

49 See below, p. 16.

50 See above, n. 45.

51 Pl. IV, m; see below, p. 18.

52 Payne, , Necr. 69 n. 3, traces it to Assyrian models.

53 Necr. nos. 140 bis, 1054, 1055.

54 See above, p. 6; Délos X, Pls. 14, 59.

55 Neugebauer, Führer, Pl. 17.

56 CR VI–VII, 475–543.

57 See below, p. 14.

58 JHS 44, 186 ff., Fig. 13.

59 See above, p. 12, n. 55.

60 Kinch, Fig. 102.

61 A good example in Munich, , SH 493, Taf. 18.

62 JHS 58, Pl. 13.

63 See above, p. 12, n. 45.

64 See above, p. 12, n. 55.

65 CR IV, 54 ff.

66 Weicher, Seelenvogel, Abb. 38, 39; cf. the trefoil-mouthed jug, CR VI–VII, 47, Fig. 43.

67 AM 58, 133 f., Abb. 84 f., Beil. 44, 1 and 2.

68 AM 58, 76, Abb. 26, c, Beil. 25, 7, 8 and 14.

69 See above, p. 13, n. 67.

70 Délos XV, Vases géometriques rhodiens 6–35, Pls. 46–48.

71 Délos 15 has no pattern below, but is otherwise of this type.

72 Cf. AM 54, 12 Abb. 3, 1, a cup of the earliest type, with tree as well as bird, and a row of dots below; also Délos XV, Pl. 54, 16.

73 One of the type Délos 23–27 was found at Gözlü Kule with a Protocorinthian aryballos of transitional globular to ovoid type; AJA 1938, 44, Fig. 33.

73a Délos, XV, Pl. 48, 36.

74 Cf. MA XIV, Pl. 26.

75 JHS 46, 209, Fig. 2 and Pl. 9, 2.

76 Metr. Mus. Studies, V, 120 f., Figs. 2 and 3.

77 CR IV, 55, Fig. 26.

78 E.g., the Leningrad oenochoe (see above, p. 12, n. 45), and a splendid fragmentary krater from Samos AM 58, 85 ff., Abb. 31, 32, Taf. II and III.

79 See above, p. 12.

80 Cf. Kinch, Pl. 15.

81 Cf. Johansen, Pl. 4, 1 and 5.

82 As Johansen, Pl. 15, 2, Necr., Fig. 8, b.

83 Cf. Johansen, Pl. 18, 3.

84 See Johansen, 69.

85 As Johansen, Pl. 19, 1 and 2.

86 Cf. Beazley, in BSA XIX, 239. It is of course habitually used for the framing of the tondoon the inside of Attic black-figure cups, and appears exceptionally as an isolated band on the outside of two Siana cups from Rhodes in the British Museum, CVA fasc. 2, III H e, Pl. 10, 2 and 6.

87 SH 234, Pl. 7; Necr. no. 122.

88 Olpe, Necr., Pl. 8, 1–6; oenochoae, Albizzati, Pl. 4, 67 and 70.

89 Johansen, Fig. 56; Necr. no. 43.

90 Necr. nos. 39–43.

91 PV, Pl. 28, bottom right.

92 Jenkins, , Dedalica, 20.

93 Ibid., Pl. 6, 2, a; dated by Jenkins 640–630, which is later than ours.

94 PV, Pl. 21.

95 Johansen, Pl. 33, 1a.

96 E.g. Necr. Pl. 13, 1 (late Transitional, not far in type from ours); 23, 4; 24, 5; Fig. 140 bis. See also above, p. 12.

97 Necr. no. 41, Pl. 8, 7.

98 AM 28, Beil. 32, 5.

99 Délos XVII, Pl. 48, 48.

99a Lamb, W. in BSA XXXV, 158 ff.

100 Délos, XVII, Pl. 65, 14.

101 See Burr, in Hesperia II, 570 ff.; Young, in Hesperia, Suppl. II, 178 f.

102 AO. 82, Fig. 55.

103 AH, Pl. 60, 8, 14 and perhaps 6; 65, 1 and 2; other fragments from the last two in the British Museum, and one from another vase.

104 AO, 83, Fig. 56; BSA XXXIV, 156.

105 CVA Oxford, fasc. 2 II D Pl. V, 16, 17, 28; JHS 44, 208.

The Excavations at Al Mina, Sueidia IV. The Early Greek Vases

  • Martin Robertson (a1)

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