Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

New precipitation and accumulation maps for Greenland

  • Atsumu Ohmura (a1) and Niels Reeh (a2)

Abstract

Annual total precipitation and the annual accumulation on the Greenland ice sheet are evaluated and presented in two maps. The maps are based on accumulation measurements of 251 pits and cores obtained from the upper accumulation zone and precipitation measurements made at 35 meteorological stations in the coastal region. To construct the accumulation map, the annual precipitation was split into solid and liquid precipitation components. Annual total precipitation exceeding 2500mmw.e. occurs on the southeastern tip of Greenland, while the minimum precipitation is estimated to occur on the northeastern slope of the ice sheet. The mean annual precipitation for all of Greenland is 340 mm w.e. The largest annual accumulation of about 1500 mm w.e. is found on the glaciers in the southeastern corner of Greenland, while the smallest accumulation is found on the northeastern slope of the ice sheet west of Danmarkshavn. The mean accumulation on the Greenland ice sheet is estimated at 310mmw.e. The regional difference in accumulation is examined with respect to the 850hPa(mbar) level circulation. The present surface topography is found to play an important role in determining regional accumulation on the ice sheet.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      New precipitation and accumulation maps for Greenland
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      New precipitation and accumulation maps for Greenland
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      New precipitation and accumulation maps for Greenland
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Ambach, W. 1963 Untersuchungen zum Energieumsatz in der Ablationszone des grönländischen Inlandeises (Camp IV–EGIG, 69°40’05”N, 49°37’58”W). Medd. Grenl., 174(4).
Ambach, W. 1977 Untersuchungen zum Energieumsatz in der Akkumulationszone des grönländischen Inlandeises. Medd. Grenl., 187(7).
Bader, H. 1961 The Greenland ice sheet. CRREL Monogr. I–B2.
Benson, C.S. 1962 Stratigraphie studies in the snow and firn of the Greenland ice sheet. SIPRE Res. Rep. 70.
Clausen, H.B. Gundestrup, N.S. Johnsen, S.J. Bindschadler, R. Zwally, J.. 1988 Glaciological investigations in the Crête area, central Greenland: a search for a near deep–drilling site. Ann. Glaciol., 10, 1015.
Danish Meteorological Institute.1954–62. Meteorologisk Årbog. 2den Del: Grenland 1951–60. Copenhagen, Danish Meteorological Institute.
Danish Meteorological Institute. 1969 Provisional total amount of precipitation in mm, Greenland 1961–1965. Copenhagen, Danish Meteorological Institute.
Danish Meteorological Institute. 1969–82. Provisional mean temperatures and total amount of precipitation in mm, Greenland 1966–1981. Copenhagen, Danish Meteorological Institute.
Dansgaard, W. Clausen, H.B. Dahl–Jcnsen, D. Gundestrup, N. C.U, Hammer. 1985 Climatic history from ice core studies in Greenland data correction procedures. In Ghazi A. and R. Fantechi, eds. Current issues in climatic research. Proceedings of the EC Climatology Programme Symposium, Sophia Antipolis, France, 2–5 October 1984 Dordrecht D. Reidel Publishing Company, 4560.
Diamond, M. 1958 Air temperature and precipitation on the Greenland ice cap. SIPRE Res. Rep. 43.
ESSA. 1968 World weather records 1951–60. Vol. 6. Washington, DC, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Hamilton, R.A. 1956 British North Greenland Expedition 1952–4: scientific results. Geogr. J., 122(2), 203240.
Hare, F.K. Thomas, M.K. 1974 Climate Canada. Toronto, John Wiley and Sons.
Koch, J.P. Wegener, A.. 1930 Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der dänischen Expedition nach Dronning Louises–Land und quer über das Inlandeis von Nordgrönland 1912–13. Medd. Grenl., 75.
Langway, C.C.. 1961 Accumulation and temperature on the inland ice of north Greenland, 1959 J. Glaciol., 3(30), 10171044.
Mock, S.J. 1965 Glaciological studies in the vicinity of Camp Century, Greenland. CRREL Res. Rep. 157.
Mock, S.J. 1967 Accumulation patterns on the Greenland ice sheet. CRREL Res. Rep. 233.
Mock, S.J. Alford, D.L.. 1964 Installation of ice movement poles in Greenland. CRREL Spec. Rep. 67.
Mock, S.J. Ragle, R.H.. 1963 Elevations on the ice sheet of southern Greenland. CRREL Tech. Rep. 124.
Müller, F. Stauffer, B. Schriber, G.. 1977 Isotope measurements and firn stratigraphy on ice caps surrounding the North Water polynya. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 118 (Symposium at Grenoble 1975 — Isotopes and Impurities in Snow and Ice), 188196.
National Océanographie and Atmospheric Administration. 1987 World weather records 1961–1970. Vol. 6. Washington, DC U.S. Department of Commerce.
Ohmura, A. 1977 The climate of North Water 1972–76. Part II. In Müller, F., ed. North Water Project. Progress report 1. Oct. 1975–30 Sept. 1976 Zürich, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, 940.
Ohmura, A. 1987 New temperature distribution maps for Greenland. Z. Gletscherkd. Glazialgeol., 23(1), 145.
Ohmura, A. Kasser, P. Funk, M.. In press. Climate at the equilibrium line of glaciers. J. Glaciol.
Paterson, W.S.B.. 1955 Altitudes on the inland ice in northern Greenland. Medd. Grenl., 137(1).
Quervain, A. de Mercanton, P.L.. 1920 Ergebnisse der schweizerischen Grönlandexpedition 1912–1913. Denksch. Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges., 53.
Quervain, M. de. 1969 Schneekundliche Arbeiten der Interna–tionalen glaziologischen Grönlandexpedition (Nivologie). Medd. Grenl., 177(4).
Radok, U. Barry, R.G. Jenssen, R. Keen, A. Kiladis, G.N. McInnes, B. 1982 Climatic and physical characteristics of the Greenland ice sheet. Boulder, CO, University of Colorado. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences.
Ragle, R.H. Davis, T.C.. 1962 Correspondence. South Greenland traverses. J. Glaciol., 4(31), 129131.
Scherhag, R. 1969 Klimatologische Karlen der Nordhemisphäre. Berlin, Institut für Meteorologie und Geophysik der Freien Universität Berlin. (Meteorologische Abhandlungen, 100(1).)
Schuster, R.L. 1954 Project Mint Julep: investigation of a smooth ice area of the Greenland ice cap. Part 3. Snow studies. SIPRE Rep. 19.
U.S. Army Transportation Board. 1960 Report of environmental operation Lead Dog, 1960 Final report. Project Lead Dog. Fort Eustis, VA U.S. Army Transportation Board. (TCB–60–023–EO.)
Whillans, I.M. 1987 Glaciological transect in southern Greenland: 1980 and 1981 GISP–1 data. Columbus, OH, Ohio State University. Byrd Polar Research Center. (Report 2.)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0022-1430
  • EISSN: 1727-5652
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-glaciology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed