The tablet IM 124645 was excavated in 1986 in niche 3 A of the library. It offers a version of an incantation from Tablet III of Mīs pî, the series of rituals that accompanied the restoration and re-animation of divine statues. In the incantation a purification priest requests the gods Ea, Šamaš and Asalluḫi to “determine the destiny” of the divine statue so that it may be provided with a mouth to eat and ears to hear. Our knowledge of this incantation is slightly improved by the discovery of the new manuscript.
In addition, IM 124645 clarifies our understanding of a tablet from Hama inscribed with a longer version of the incantation. By virtue of the subscript of the Hama tablet, ana lumun(ḫ ul) ṣēri(m u š), “against the evil portended by a snake”, this incantation was considered by its editor, translators and others to be a n a m . b ú r. b i. The incantation is catalogued by W. R. Mayer as Ea, Šamaš, Marduk/Asalluḫi l b. Mayer lists as duplicates the two Kuyunjik fragments, Sm 290 and Sm 1414. Of these two pieces the former is clearly Mīs pî, and duplicates the beginning of the incantation (Sm 290 rev. 6′–10′ // IM 124645 1–4). The latter piece, still unpublished, duplicates slightly more of the text (Sm 1414 1′–8′ // IM 124645 1–7), indeed enough to show that, like IM 124645, it lacks the section characterized by verbs in the 2nd person pl. (Hama 7–11). Thus Sm 1414 joins IM 124645 as a second published source for the shorter version of the incantation, while the Hama tablet remains, for the moment, the sole certain witness to the longer version. Sm 290 is too barely preserved to be sure which version it held.