Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

English Ivy (Hedera helix) Control with Postemergence-Applied Herbicides

  • Qian Yang (a1), Glenn Wehtje (a1), Charles H. Gilliam (a1), J. Scott McElroy (a1) and Jeff L. Sibley (a1)...

Abstract

English ivy (Hedera helix) is an evergreen, perennial vine that was introduced from Europe and Asia and is not endemic in much of the United States. English ivy can be invasive and difficult to control once established. Four similar, but not identical, experiments were conducted in sequence to evaluate selected, POST-applied herbicides for English ivy control. English ivy plants were propagated from cuttings and container-grown to obtain a large population of uniform plants. Aminopyralid and fluroxypyr applied at 1.34 and 0.71 kg ae ha−1, which is more twice the maximum registered rate for either herbicide, were ineffective. Glyphosate and 2,4-D amine were generally more effective, but neither herbicide provided a level of control that could be deemed consistently acceptable. Glyphosate applied at 8.51 kg ae ha−1 (the highest rate evaluated) provided 69, 98, and 89% control in the second, third, and fourth experiments as determined by foliage fresh-weight reduction relative to a nontreated control. Treatment with 2,4-D at 5.60 kg ae ha−1 (the highest rate evaluated) controlled English ivy 28, 98, and 89% in the second, third, and fourth experiments, respectively. Mixtures of 2,4-D and glyphosate were generally no more effective than were the components applied alone. Metsulfuron was the most effective herbicide. Metsulfuron applied at 0.168 kg ai ha−1 controlled English ivy ≥ 97% across the three experiments in which this treatment was included. This treatment also prevented regrowth.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: wehtjgr@auburn.edu

References

Hide All
Beck, K. G., Zimmerman, K., Stone, J., Lukens, R. R., Reichard, S., Randall, J., Cangelosi, A. A., Cooper, D., and Thompson, J. P. 2008. Invasive species defined in a policy context: recommendations from the federal invasive species advisory committee. Invasive Plant Sci. Manag. 1:414421.
Biggerstaff, M. S. and Christopher, W. B. 2007. Effect of method of English ivy removal and seed addition on regeneration of vegetation in Southeastern Piedmont Forest. Am. Midl. Nat. 158:206220.
Derr, J. F. 1993. English ivy (Hedera helix) response to postemergence herbicides. J. Environ. Hortic. 11:4548.
Gilman, E. F. 1999. Hedera helix—English Ivy: University of Florida Fact Sheet. http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu. Accessed: January 3, 2013
Ingham, C. S. and Borman, M. M. 2010. English ivy (Hedera spp., Araliaceae) response to goat browsing. Invasive Plant Sci. Manag. 3:178181.
Metcalfe, D. J. 2005. Biological flora of the British Isles no. 268, Hedera helix L. J. Ecol. 93:632648.
Miller, J. H., Chambliss, E. B., and Loewenstein, N. J. 2010. Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide for Identification and Control. Asheville, NC USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station General Technical Report SRS-119. 126 p.
Morisawa, T. 1999. Weed Notes: Hedera helix L.—The Native Conservancy: Wildlands Weeds Management and Research. http://tncweeds.ucdavis.edu. Accessed: January 23, 2013
Randall, J. M. 1996. Weed control for the preservation of biological diversity. Weed Technol. 10:370383.
Reichard, S. and White, P. 2001. Horticulture as a pathway of invasive plant introductions in the United States. Bioscience. 51:103113.
Reichard, S. 2000. Hedera helix . Pages 212215 in Bossard, C. C., Randall, J. M., and Hoshovsky, M. C., eds. Invasive Plants of California's Wetlands. Berkeley, CA University of California Press.
Soll, J. 2005. Controlling English ivy (Hedera helix) in the Pacific Northwest. http://www.invasive.org/gist/moredocs/hedhe102.pdf. Accessed: January 23, 2013.
[USDA, NRCS] U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2012. The Plants Database. http://plants.usda.gov. Accessed: January 3, 2013.
Weaver, M. A. and Lyn, M. E. 2007. Compatibility of biological control agent with herbicides for control of invasive plant species. Nat. Areas J. 27:264268.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

English Ivy (Hedera helix) Control with Postemergence-Applied Herbicides

  • Qian Yang (a1), Glenn Wehtje (a1), Charles H. Gilliam (a1), J. Scott McElroy (a1) and Jeff L. Sibley (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.