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Successful aging in Shanghai, China: definition, distribution and related factors

  • Chunbo Li (a1), Wenyuan Wu (a1), Hua Jin (a2), Xu Zhang (a1), Haibo Xue (a3), Yanling He (a4), Shifu Xiao (a3), Dilip V. Jeste (a2) and Mingyuan Zhang (a4)...

Abstract

Objective: There are few studies of successful aging in China. This study was designed to investigate the distribution, and related factors, of successful aging in an elderly Chinese population.

Methods: A cross-sectional, community-dwelling elderly population was surveyed in Shanghai, China. We defined successful aging based on a multi-dimensional model. Correlates of successful aging were explored through the Shanghai Successful Aging Project Questionnaire, which includes sociodemographic questions, and a battery of standardized instruments, including the Chinese version of the Mini-mental State Examination, activities of daily living, and the Life Satisfaction Index A (LSIA).

Results: The rate of successful aging was 46.2% [95% confidence interval (CI) 43.6–48.7] among people aged 65 or above, and the rate for males was higher than that for females. The rate was much lower for those aged 85 years or over (9.4%). Logistic regression analysis suggested that female gender and older age were unfavorable factors for successful aging. A higher score on the LSIA, more leisure activities and being currently married related to successful aging.

Conclusion: The rate of successful aging in Shanghai, China is similar to that found in studies from western countries. There are some potentially modifiable factors that may relate to successful aging.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Chunbo Li, Department of Psychiatry, Tongji Hospital of Tongji University, 389 Xin Cun Road, Shanghai 200065, China. Phone: +8621 56051080, ext. 2209; Fax: +8621 56947291. Email: chunbo_li@yahoo.com.

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Successful aging in Shanghai, China: definition, distribution and related factors

  • Chunbo Li (a1), Wenyuan Wu (a1), Hua Jin (a2), Xu Zhang (a1), Haibo Xue (a3), Yanling He (a4), Shifu Xiao (a3), Dilip V. Jeste (a2) and Mingyuan Zhang (a4)...

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