The leaf miner Coelaenomenodera lameensis Berti and Mariau (Coleoptera: Chrysomeiidae, Hispinae) is the main oil palm pest in Africa. A study of variations in its fecundity, in space and time, was carried out at 7 plantations and 19 sites in Côte d'lvoire. Fluctuations in fecundity, which could vary from almost 300 eggs to just a few eggs per 90-day period, were very similar at the various sites of the same plantation, and at the sites of different plantations, even when these were very far apart from each other. Fecundity increased with temperature, but other climatic factors were also important, with air saturation deficit playing a decisive role. The drier the air, the lower was the fecundity, which could even reach almost zero. As this parameter had a considerable impact on palm leaves' stomatal opening, a highly significant correlation was established between the latter and fecundity. Food supplies for larvae and adults can also affect fecundity, which seems to vary with the potassium content of the leaves.