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A multi-octave receiver chain is presented for the use in a monolithic integrated vector network analyzer. The receiver exhibits a very wide frequency range of 1–32 GHz, where the gain meets the 3 dB-criterion. The differential receiver consists of an ultra-wideband low noise amplifier, an active mixer and an output buffer and exhibits a maximum conversion gain (CG) of 16.6 dB. The main design goal is a very flat CG over five octaves, which eases calibration of the monolithic integrated vector network analyzer. To realize variable gain functionality, without losing much input matching, an extended gain control circuit with additional feedback branch is shown. For the maximum gain level, a matching better than −10 dB is achieved between 1–28 GHz, and up to 30.5 GHz the matching is better than −8.4 dB. For both, the input matching and the gain of the LNA, the influence of the fabrication tolerances are investigated. A second gain control is implemented to improve isolation. The measured isolations between RF-to-LO and LO-to-RF are better than 30 dB and 60 dB, respectively. The LO-to-IF isolation is better than 35 dB. The noise figure of the broadband receiver is between 4.6 and 5.8 dB for 4–32 GHz and the output referred 1-dB-compression-point varies from 0.1 to 4.3 dBm from 2–32 GHz. The receiver draws a current of max. 66 mA at 3.3 V.