In the research of the natural ecological environment, environmental scattering is an important research content whose results are widely used. In order to fully study the relevant characteristics of the natural grassland environment, this paper established a grassland broadband clutter model, summarized the dominant and recessive laws of the grassland environment broadband clutter, and provided a new perspective for related environmental monitoring which would be helpful to solve the problem of target detection in complex environments. The main work of this paper is as follows: The dielectric constant model of the grass was established, and the curve of the dielectric constant with frequency was obtained. The Monte Carlo method combined with the Gaussian spectrum function was used to generate a two-dimensional Gaussian surface to simulate the actual grass surface. A broadband clutter model was established, and, considering the calculation efficiency and accuracy, the Sparse Matrix/Canonical Grid (SMCG) was used to calculate the surface scattering coefficient. Then, the environmental clutter amplitude with different radar bandwidth (10, 40, 80 MHz), surface roughness (h = 0.1 m, h = 0.2 m, h = 0.4 m) and grazing angle (30°, 60°) were calculated and the probability density function (PDF) was obtained. The results show that the higher the radar resolution, the larger the incident angle, and the rougher the interface, all of which will cause the tail of the PDF to become longer which will not only reduce the detection probability of the radar, but also the tracking accuracy. The research results can be used for civilian and military field.