Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Large-signal characterization of DDR silicon IMPATTs operating up to 0.5 THz

  • Aritra Acharyya (a1), Jit Chakraborty (a2), Kausik Das (a2), Subir Datta (a2), Pritam De (a2), Suranjana Banerjee (a3) and J.P. Banerjee (a1)...

Abstract

Large-signal (L-S) characterization of double-drift region (DDR) impact avalanche transit time (IMPATT) devices based on silicon designed to operate at different millimeter-wave (mm-wave) and terahertz (THz) frequencies up to 0.5 THz is carried out in this paper using an L-S simulation method developed by the authors based on non-sinusoidal voltage excitation (NSVE) model. L-S simulation results show that the device is capable of delivering peak RF power of 657.64 mW with 8.25% conversion efficiency at 94 GHz for 50% voltage modulation; whereas RF power output and efficiency reduce to 89.61 mW and 2.22% respectively at 0.5 THz for same voltage modulation. Effect of parasitic series resistance on the L-S properties of DDR Si IMPATTs is also investigated, which shows that the decrease in RF power output and conversion efficiency of the device due to series resistance is more pronounced at higher frequencies especially at the THz regime. The NSVE L-S simulation results are compared with well established double-iterative field maximum (DEFM) small-signal (S-S) simulation results and finally both are compared with the experimental results. The comparative study shows that the proposed NSVE L-S simulation results are in closer agreement with experimental results as compared to those of DEFM S-S simulation.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: A. Acharyya Email: ari_besu@yahoo.co.in

References

Hide All
[1]Midford, T.A.; Bernick, R.L.: Millimeter wave CW IMPATT diodes and oscillators. IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., 27 (1979), 483492.
[2]Chang, Y.; Hellum, J.M.; Paul, J.A.; Weller, K.P.: Millimeter-wave IMPATT sources for communication applications. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., (1977), 216219.
[3]Gray, W.W.; Kikushima, L.; Morentc, N.P.; Wagner, R.J.: Applying IMPATT power sources to modern microwave systems. IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, 4 (1969), 409413.
[4]Miswa, T.: Negative resistance in p–n junctions under avalanche breakdown conditions. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 33 (1966), 137151.
[5]Gilden, M.; Hines, M.E.: Electronic tuning effects in the read microwave avalanche diode. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 13 (1966), 169175.
[6]Gummel, H.K.; Scharfetter, D.L.: Avalanche region of IMPATT diodes. Bell Sys. Tech. J., 45 (1966), 17971827.
[7]Roy, S.K.; Sridharan, M.; Ghosh, R.; Pal, B.B.: Computer method for the dc field and carrier current profiles in the IMPATT device starting from the field extremum in the depletion layer, in Proc. 1st Conf. on Numerical Analysis of Semiconductor Devices (NASECODE I), Miller, J. H., Ed., Dublin, Ireland, 1979, 266274.
[8]Roy, S.K.; Banerjee, J.P.; Pati, S.P.: A Computer analysis of the distribution of high frequency negative resistance in the depletion layer of IMPATT Diodes, in Proc. 4th Conf. on Numerical Analysis of Semiconductor Devices (NASECODE IV), Dublin, Ireland, 1985, 494500.
[9]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, J.P.: Dependence of DC and small-signal properties of double drift region silicon IMPATT device on junction temperature. J. Electron Devices, 12 (2012), 725729.
[10]Acharyya, A.; Mukherjee, M.; Banerjee, J.P.: Influence of tunnel current on DC and dynamic properties of silicon based Terahertz IMPATT source. Terahertz Sci. Technol., 4 (2011), 2641.
[11]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, J.P.: Effect of package parasitics on the millimeter-wave performance of DDR silicon IMPATT device operating at W-band. J. Electron Devices, 13 (2012), 960964.
[12]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, J.P.: Design and optimization of pulsed mode silicon based DDR IMPATT diode operating at 0.3 THz. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Technol., 3 (2011), 332339.
[13]Gummel, H.K.; Blue, J.L.: A small-signal theory of avalanche noise in IMPATT diodes. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 14 (1967), 569580.
[14]Evans, W.J.; Haddad, G.I.: A large-signal analysis of IMPATT diodes. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 15 (1968), 708717.
[15]Scharfetter, D.L.; Gummel, H.K.: Large-signal analysis of a silicon read diode oscillator. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 6 (1969), 6477.
[16]Gupta, M.S.; Lomax, R.J.: A current-excited large-signal analysis of IMPATT devices and its circuit implementations. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 20 (1973), 395399.
[17]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, J.P.: Prospects of IMPATT devices based on wide bandgap semiconductors as potential terahertz sources. Appl. Nanosci., (2012), 14. DOI: 10.1007/s13204-012-0172-y.
[18]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, J.P.: Potentiality of IMPATT devices as terahertz source: an avalanche response time based approach to determine the upper cut-off frequency limits. IETE J. Res., 59 (2013), in press.
[19]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, J.P.: Calculation of avalanche response time for determining the high frequency Performance limitations of IMPATT devices. J. Electron Devices, 12 (2012), 756760.
[20]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, J.P.: Analysis of photo-irradiated double-drift region silicon impact avalanche transit Time devices in the millimeter-wave and terahertz regime. Terahertz Sci. Technol., 5 (2012), 97113.
[21]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, J.P.: Effect of junction temperature on the large-signal properties of a 94 GHz silicon based double-drift region impact avalanche transit time device. J. Semicond., 34 (2013), 024001–12.
[22]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, J.P.: Large-signal simulation of 94 GHz pulsed DDR silicon IMPATTs including the temperature transient effect. Radioengineering, 21 (2012), 12181225.
[23]Acharyya, A.; Banerjee, S.; Banerjee, J.P.: A proposed simulation technique to study the series resistance and Related millimeter-wave properties of Ka-Band Si IMPATTs from the electric field snap-shots. Int. Jo. Microw. Wirel. Technol., 5 (2013), 91100.
[24]Sze, S.M.; Ryder, R.M.: Microwave avalanche diodes. Proc. IEEE, Special Issue on Microw. Semicond. Devices, 59 (1971), 11401154.
[25]Grant, W.N.: Electron and hole ionization rates in epitaxial Silicon. Solid State Electron, 16 (1973), 11891203.
[26]Canali, C.; Ottaviani, G.; Quaranta, A.A.: Drift velocity of electrons and holes and associated anisotropic effects in silicon. J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 32 (1971), 1707.
[27]Zeghbroeck, B.V.: Principles of Semiconductor Devices, Colorado Press, USA, 2011.
[28]Electronic Archive: New Semiconductor Materials, Characteristics and Properties (2013) http://www.ioffe.ru/SVA/NSM/Semicond/Si/index.html
[29]Acharyya, A.; Mukherjee, J.; Mukherjee, M.; Banerjee, J.P.: Heat sink design for IMPATT diode sources with different base materials operating at 94 GHz. Arch. Phys. Res., 2 (2011), 107126.
[30]Acharyya, A.; Pal, B.; Banerjee, J.P.: Temperature distribution inside Semi-Infinite Heat Sinks for IMPATT sources. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Technol., 2 (2010), 51425149.
[31]Thermal Conductivity of the Elements (2013) http://periodictable.com/Properties/A/ThermalConductivity.v.log.html
[32]Kurokawa, K.: Some basic characteristics to broadband negative resistance oscillators. Bell Syst. Tech. J., 48 (1969), 19371955.
[33]Luy, J.F.; Casel, A.; Behr, W.; Kasper, E.: A 90-GHz double-drift IMPATT diode made with Si MBE. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 34 (1987), 10841089.
[34]Wollitzer, M.; Buchler, J.; Schafflr, F.; Luy, J.F.: D-band Si-IMPATT diodes with 300 mW CW output power at 140 GHz. Electron. Lett., 32 (1996), 122123.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed