Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Design and implementation of 2.5D frequency-selective surface based on substrate-integrated waveguide technology

  • Krushna Kanth Varikuntla (a1) and Raghavan Singaravelu (a1)

Abstract

In this paper, the patch-type frequency selective surfaces (FSS) based on substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) technology is proposed to improve the bandwidth (BW) and angular performance. The proposed FSS configuration overcomes the limitations of both conventional 2D and 3D FSS structures. A closely coupled cascaded mechanism is employed to combine two identical FSS elements separated by thin dielectric substrate results in incorporation of SIW technology; hence, named as 2.5D FSS. A derived equivalent circuit model is used to estimate the basic performance of proposed FSS–SIW elements, and the response of analytical expressions has been validated and final design is obtained using full-wave simulations. Two basic FSS elements viz. single square loop and a Jerusalem cross have been investigated to prove the enhancement in their BW and angular stability. The proposed technique evidently improves the BW and angular stability of FSS structures than in its established form. Besides, various important parameters that influence the performance characteristics of reported 2.5D FSSs are also studied. The important observations made on the thickness, as the thickness increases the bandstop FSS, can change to bandpass FSS. Finally, the proposed FSS structure has been fabricated and measured using free space measurement setup, to show the effectiveness of theoretical results. The measured results show good agreement with simulated results at normal and oblique incidence angle.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Krushna Kanth Varikuntla, E-mail: krushnakanthv@gmail.com

References

Hide All
[1]Munk, BA (2000) Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design. New York: Wiley.
[2]Li, B and Shen, Z (2014) Dual-band bandpass frequency-selective structures with arbitrary band ratios. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 62, 55045512.
[3]Kartal, M, Golezani, JJ and Doken, B (2017) A triple band frequency selective surface design for GSM systems by utilizing a novel synthetic resonator. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 65, 27242727.
[4]Ghosh, S and Srivastava, KV (2017) An angularly stable dual-band FSS with closely spaced resonances using miniaturized unit cell. IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters 27, 218220.
[5]Liu, N, Sheng, XJ and Fan, JJ (2016) A compact miniaturized frequency selective surface with stable resonant frequency. Progress In Electromagnetics Research 62, 1722.
[6]Chaharmir, MR and Shaker, J (2015) Design of a multilayer X-/Ka-band frequency-selective surface-backed reflect array for satellite applications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 63, 12551262.
[7]Oraizi, H and Afsahi, M (2007) Analysis of planar dielectric multilayers as FSS by Transmission Line Transfer Matrix Method (TLTMM). Progress In Electromagnetics Research 74, 217240.
[8]Li, M and Behdad, N (2013) Wideband true-time-delay microwave lenses based on metallo-dielectric and all-dielectric lowpass frequency selective surfaces. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 61, 41094119.
[9]Shivnarayan, and Jha, RM (2015) Electromagnetic techniques and design strategies for FSS structure applications [antenna applications corner]. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 57, 135158.
[10]Yang, G, Zhang, T, Li, W and Wu, Q (2010) A novel stable miniaturized frequency selective surface. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 9, 10181021.
[11]Yan, M, Qu, S, Wang, J, Zhang, J, Zhang, A, Xia, S and Wang, W (2014) A novel miniaturized frequency selective surface with stable resonance. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 13, 639641.
[12]Munk, BA, Luebbers, R and Mentzer, CA (1971) Breakdown of periodic surfaces at microwave frequencies, ElectroScience Lab., Dept. Elect. Eng., Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, Tech. Rep., 1971, 2989–2981.
[13]Liu, CH, Booske, JH and Behdad, N (2014) Investigating failure mechanisms in high-power microwave frequency selective surfaces, IEEE Antennas Propag. Society Int. Symp. (APSURSI), Memphis, TN, USA, 06–11 July 2014.
[14]Lu, ZH, Liu, PG and Huang, XJ (2012) A novel three-dimensional frequency selective structure. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 11, 588591.
[15]Lee, IG and Hong, IP (2014) 3D frequency selective surface for stable angle of incidence. Electronics Letters 50, 423424.
[16]Joardar, K (1995) Comparison of SOI and junction isolation for substrate crosstalk suppression in mixed mode integrated circuits. Electronics Letters 31, 12301231.
[17]Luo, GQ, Hong, W, Hao, ZC, Liu, B, Li, WD, Chen, JX, Zhou, HX and Wu, K (2005) Theory and experiment of novel frequency selective surface based on substrate integrated waveguide technology. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 53, 40354043.
[18]Xu, RR, Zong, ZY, Yang, G and Wu, W (2008) Loaded frequency selective surfaces using substrate integrated waveguide technology. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 50, 31493152.
[19]Luo, GQ, Hong, W, Lai, QH and Sun, LL (2008) Frequency-selective surfaces with two sharp sidebands realised by cascading and shunting substrate integrated waveguide cavities. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 2, 2327.
[20]Qi, NN, Gong, SX, Zhang, YJ and Liu, JF (2008) Reducing bandwidth of FSS using substrate integrated waveguide technology. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications 22, 20872096.
[21]Xi, CZ, Hong, W, Wu, K, Hong, JT, Hao, ZC, Chen, JX, Zhou, HX and Zhou, H (2014) Design of a bandwidth-enhanced polarization rotating frequency selective surface. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 62, 940944.
[22]Mollaei, MSM (2017) Narrowband configurable polarization rotator using frequency selective surface based on circular substrate-integrated waveguide cavity. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 19231926.
[23]Winkler, SA, Hong, W, Bozzi, M and Wu, K (2010) Polarization rotating frequency selective surface based on substrate integrated waveguide technology. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 58, 12021213.
[24]Ferreira, D, Caldeirinha, RFS, Cuiñas, I and Fernandes, TR (2015) Square loop and slot frequency selective surfaces study for equivalent circuit model optimization. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 63, 39473955.
[25]Langley, RJ and Drinkwater, AJ (1982) Improved empirical model for the Jerusalem cross, in microwaves, optics and antennas. IEE Proceedings H 129, 16.
[26]Grover, FW (2004) Inductance Calculations. Dover Publications, New York.
[27]Deslandes, D and Wu, K (2006) Accurate modeling, wave mechanisms, and design considerations of a substrate integrated waveguide. Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on 54, 25162526.
[28]Krushna Kanth, V and Raghavan, S (2018) Ultrathin design and implementation of planar and conformal polarisation rotating frequency selective surface based on SIW technology. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 12, 19391947.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed