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Wideband split-ring antenna arrays based on substrate integrated waveguide for Ka-band applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 April 2021

Yunfeng Dong*
Affiliation:
Electromagnetic Systems Group, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Oersteds Plads Building 348, 2800 Kgs., Lyngby, Denmark
Vitaliy Zhurbenko
Affiliation:
Electromagnetic Systems Group, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Oersteds Plads Building 348, 2800 Kgs., Lyngby, Denmark
Kyriakos Kaslis
Affiliation:
Electromagnetic Systems Group, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Oersteds Plads Building 348, 2800 Kgs., Lyngby, Denmark
Jeppe M. Bjørstorp
Affiliation:
Electromagnetic Systems Group, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Oersteds Plads Building 348, 2800 Kgs., Lyngby, Denmark
Tom K. Johansen
Affiliation:
Electromagnetic Systems Group, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Oersteds Plads Building 348, 2800 Kgs., Lyngby, Denmark
*
Author for correspondence: Yunfeng Dong, E-mail: yundon@elektro.dtu.dk

Abstract

This paper presents wideband split-ring antenna arrays based on substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) for Ka-band (26.5–40 GHz) applications. The antenna array is fed by a 2.92 mm coaxial connector (K-connector) and the power is equally distributed to each split-ring resonator. The designed coplanar waveguide (CPW), SIW, CPW-to-SIW transition, coaxial-to-CPW transition, and two-stage SIW power divider are described in detail. By using a thin Rogers 6002 substrate with silver epoxy-filled vias, a transition prototype is designed, fabricated, and tested in a back-to-back configuration. A wideband split-ring resonator is developed as a single element and four possible arrangements of antenna arrays are introduced. By combining the designed components and routing paths, two full layouts of the antenna arrays with four split-ring resonators are addressed. As a demonstrator, a 2×2 antenna array prototype in a compact format is designed, fabricated, and tested. The fabricated antenna array achieves a measured directivity of 15.0 dBi with a fractional bandwidth of 23.0% centered at 30.5 GHz.

Type
Antenna Design, Modeling and Measurements
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press in association with the European Microwave Association

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