Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-8sgpw Total loading time: 4.918 Render date: 2021-03-07T03:11:07.002Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Vivaldi antennas: a historical review and current state of art

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 October 2020

Anindita Bhattacharjee
Affiliation:
Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Tripura University (A Central University), Tripura, India
Abhirup Bhawal
Affiliation:
Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Tripura University (A Central University), Tripura, India
Anirban Karmakar
Affiliation:
Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Tripura University (A Central University), Tripura, India
Anuradha Saha
Affiliation:
Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Garia, Kolkata, India
Diptendu Bhattacharya
Affiliation:
CSE Department, NIT, Agartala, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The progressions in the field of wireless technology can be highly attributed to the development of antennas, which can access high data rates, provide significant gain and uniform radiation characteristics. One such antenna called the Vivaldi antenna has attracted the utmost attention of the researchers owing to its high gain, wide bandwidth, low cross-polarization, and stable radiation characteristics. Over the years, different procedures have been proposed by several researchers to improve the performance of the Vivaldi antennas. Some of these different approaches are feeding mechanisms, integration of slots, dielectric substrate selection, and radiator shape. Correspondingly, the performance of a Vivaldi antenna can be increased by including dielectric lens, parasitic patch in between two radiators, corrugations, as well as metamaterials. This paper gives a systematic identification, location, and analysis of a large number of performance enhancement methods of Vivaldi antenna design depicting their concepts, advantages, drawbacks, and applications. The principal emphasis of this article is to offer an outline of the developments in the design of Vivaldi antennas over the last few years, where the most important offerings, mostly from IEEE publications, have been emphasized. This review work aims to reveal a promising path to antenna researchers for its advancement using Vivaldi antennas.

Type
Tutorial and Review Paper
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press in association with the European Microwave Association

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Gibson, PJ (1979) The Vivaldi aerial. Proceedings of the 9th European Microwave Conference, pp. 101105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yngvesson, K, Schaubert, D, Korzeniowski, T, Kollberg, E, Thungren, T and Johansson, J (1985) Endfire tapered slot antennas on dielectric substrates. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 33, 13921400.Google Scholar
Gazit, E (1988) Improved design of the Vivaldi antenna. IEEE Proceedings 135, 8992.Google Scholar
Langley, J, Hall, P and Newham, P (1993) Novel ultra wide-bandwidth Vivaldi antenna with low cross polarisation. Electronics Letters 29, 20042005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Liu, Y, Zhou, W, Yang, S, Li, W, Li, P and Yang, S (2016) A novel miniaturized Vivaldi antenna using tapered slot edge with resonant cavity structure for ultrawideband applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 15, 18811884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, Z, Yin, Y, Wu, J and Lian, R (2016) A miniaturized CPW-fed antipodal Vivaldi antenna with enhanced radiation performance for wideband applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 15, 1619.Google Scholar
Natarajan, R, George, JV, Kanagasabai, M and Kumar Shrivastav, A (2015) A compact antipodal Vivaldi antenna for UWB applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 14, 15571560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Siddiqui, JY, Antar, YMM, Freundorfer, AP, Smith, EC, Morin, GA and Thayaparan, T (2011) Design of an ultra wideband antipodal tapered slot antenna using elliptical strip conductors. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 10, 251254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, J, Liu, S, Wang, F, Yang, Z and Shi, X (2017) A compact high-gain Vivaldi antenna with improved radiation characteristics. Progress in Electromagnetics Research Letters 68, 127133.Google Scholar
Biswas, B, Ghatak, R and Poddar, DR (2017) A fern fractal leaf inspired wideband antipodal Vivaldi antenna for microwave imaging system. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 65, 61266129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abbak, M, Akınc, MN, Çayören, M and Akduman, İ (2017) Experimental microwave imaging with a novel corrugated Vivaldi antenna. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 65, 33023307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M, Kharkovsky, S, Case, JT and Samali, B (2017) Miniaturized UWB antipodal Vivaldi antenna and its application for detection of void inside concrete specimens. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 13171320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, X, Chen, Y, Tian, M, Liu, J and Liu, H (2018) A compact wideband antipodal Vivaldi antenna design. International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering 29, 16.Google Scholar
Yang, K, Hoang, M, Bao, X, McEvoy, P and Ammann, MJ (2018) Dual-stub Ka-band Vivaldi antenna with integrated bandpass filter. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 12, 668671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, D, Zeng, H, Liu, S and Pan, J (2016) A Vivaldi antenna with switchable and tunable band-notch characteristic. Progress in Electromagnetics Research C 68, 7583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gao, C, Li, E, Zhang, Y and Guo, G (2018) A directivity enhanced structure for the Vivaldi antenna using coupling patches. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 60, 418424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yin, Z, Yang, X-X, Yu, F and Gao, S (2020) A novel miniaturized antipodal Vivaldi antenna with high gain. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 62, 418424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Natarajan, R, Gulam Nabi Alsath, M, Kanagasabai, M, Bilvam, S and Meiyalagan, S (2020) Integrated Vivaldi antenna for UWB/diversity applications in vehicular environment. International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering 30, 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meng, X, Wu, B, Huang, Z and Wu, X (2016.) Compact 30:1 bandwidth ratio Balun for printed balanced antennas. Progress in Electromagnetics Research C 64, 125132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dzagbletey, PA, Shim, J-Y and Chung, J-Y (2019) Quarter-wave balun fed Vivaldi antenna pair for V2X communication measurement. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 67, 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lin, S, Wang, J, Deng, Y and Zhang, G. (2015) A new compact ultra-wideband balun for printed balanced antennas. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications 29, 15701579. doi: 10.1080/09205071.2015.1051191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Song, L and Zhou, H (2018) Wideband dual-polarized Vivaldi antenna with improved balun feed. International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies 11(1), 112.Google Scholar
Pandey, GK, Verma, H and Meshram, MK (2015) Compact antipodal Vivaldi antenna for UWB applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 51, 308310.Google Scholar
Yao, Y, Cheng, X, Wang, C, Yu, J and Chen, X (2017) Wideband circularly polarized antipodal curvedly tapered slot antenna array for 5G applications. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 35, 15391549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bourqui, J, Okoniewski, M and Fear, EC (2010) Balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna with dielectric director for near-field microwave imaging. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 58, 23182326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, P, Zhang, H, Wen, G and Sun, Y (2012) Design of modified balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna. Progress in Electromagnetics Research C 25, 271285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Etesami, F, Khorshidi, S, Shahcheraghi, S and Yahaghi, A (2017.) Improvement of radiation characteristics of balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna using transformation optics. Progress in Electromagnetics Research 56, 189196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, L, Xia, X, Liu, Y and Yang, T (2016) Wideband balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna with enhanced radiation parameters. Progress in Electromagnetics Research C 66, 163171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, NN, Fang, M, Chou, HT, Qi, JR and Xiao, LY (2018) Balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna with asymmetric substrate cutout and dual scale slotted edges for ultrawideband operation at millimeter-wave frequencies. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66, 37243729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarkar, C, Saha, C, Shaik, LA, Siddiqui, JY and Antar, YMM (2018) Frequency notched balanced antipodal tapered slot antenna with very low cross-polarised radiation. IET Microwaves Antennas & Propagation Research 12, 18591863.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang, P, Wen, G, Zhang, H and Sun, Y (2013) A wideband conformal end-fire antenna array mounted on a large conducting cylinder. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 61, 48574861.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Federal Communications Commission (2002) Revision of Part 15 of the commission's rules regarding ultra-wideband transmission systems, FIRST REPORT AND ORDER. ET Docket 98–153, FCC 02-48, 1–118, Feb. 14, 2002.Google Scholar
Bai, J, Shi, S and Prather, DW (2011) Modified compact antipodal Vivaldi antenna for 4–50-GHz UWB application. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 59, 15011507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M (2018) High-gain antipodal Vivaldi antenna surrounded by dielectric for wideband applications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66, 43494352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krishna, GV, Madhav, BTP, Giridhar, MV, Reddiah Babu, MV, Sai Krishna, V and Mohan Reddy, SS (2013) Bandwidth enhanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna for wide band communication applications. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 9, 16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tianang, EG, Elmansouri, MA and Filipovic, DS (2018) Ultra-wideband lossless cavity-backed Vivaldi antenna. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 66, 115124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhu, S, Liu, H, Chen, Z and Wen, P (2018) A compact gain-enhanced Vivaldi antenna array with suppressed mutual coupling for 5 G mmwave application. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 17, 776779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elsheakh, DM, Eltresy, NA and Abdallah, EA (2017) Ultra wide bandwidth high gain Vivaldi antenna for wireless communications. Progress in Electromagnetics Research Letters 69, 105111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elsheakh, DM and Abdallah, EA (2014) Ultrawideband Vivaldi antenna for DVB-T, WLAN, and WiMAX applications. International Journal of Antennas and Propagation 2014, 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hood, AZ, Karacolak, T and Topsakal, E (2008) A small antipodal Vivaldi antenna for ultrawide-band applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 7, 656660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mehdipour, A, Mohammadpour-Aghdam, K and Faraji-Dana, R (2007) Complete dispersion analysis of Vivaldi antenna for UWB applications. Progress in Electromagnetics Research, PIER 77, 8596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kumar, M and Nath, V (2018) Introducing multiband and wideband microstrip patch antennas using fractal geometries: development: in last decade. Wireless Personal Communications 98, 20792105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Oliveira, AM, Justo, JF, Perotoni, MB, Kofuji, ST, Neto, AG, Bueno, RC and Baudrand, H (2017) A high directive Koch fractal Vivaldi antenna design for medical near-field microwave imaging applications. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 59, 337346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karmakar, A, Bhattacharjee, A, Saha, A and Bhawal, A (2019) Design of a fractal inspired antipodal Vivaldi antenna with enhanced radiation characteristics for wideband applications. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 13, 892897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M, Kharkovsky, S and Case, JT (2016) Microwave and millimetre wave antipodal Vivaldi antenna with trapezoid-shaped dielectric lens for imaging of construction materials. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 10, 301309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M and Kharkovsky, S (2015) Development of the antipodal Vivaldi antenna for detection of cracks inside concrete members. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 57, 15731580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pandey, GK, Singh, HS, Bharti, PK, Pandey, A and Meshram, MK (2015) High gain Vivaldi antenna for radar and microwave imaging applications. International Journal of Signal Processing Systems 3, 3540.Google Scholar
Mahmud, M, Islam, M, Rahman, M, Alam, T and Samsuzzaman, M (2017) A miniaturized directional antenna for microwave breast imaging applications. International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies 9, 20132018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Juan, L, Guang, F, Lin, Y and Demin, F (2013) A modified balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna with improved radiation characteristics. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 55, 13211325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M, Kharkovsky, S, Esmati, Z and Samali, B (2016) UWB elliptically-tapered antipodal Vivaldi antenna for microwave imaging applications. IEEE-APWC, pp. 102105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M, Kharkovsky, S, Case, JT and Samali, B (2017) Antipodal Vivaldi antenna with improved radiation characteristics for civil engineering applications. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 11, 796803.Google Scholar
Bah, MH, Hong, J, Jamro, DA, Liang, JJ and Kponou, EA (2014) Vivaldi antenna and breast phantom design for breast cancer imaging. International Conference on BioMedical Engineering and Informatics, pp. 9093.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amiri, M, Tofigh, F, Ghafoorzadeh-Yazdi, A and Abolhasan, M (2017) Exponential antipodal Vivaldi antenna with exponential dielectric lens. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 17921795.Google Scholar
Moosazadeh, M, Kharkovsky, S, Case, JT and Samali, B (2017) Improved radiation characteristics of small antipodal Vivaldi antenna for microwave and millimeter-wave imaging applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 19611964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Akhter, Z, Abhijith, BN and Akhtar, MJ (2016) Hemisphere lens-loaded Vivaldi antenna for time domain microwave imaging of concealed objects. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and applications 30, 11831197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wan, F, Chen, J and Li, B (2018) A novel ultra-wideband antipodal Vivaldi antenna with trapezoidal dielectric substrate. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 60, 449455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moosazadeh, M and Kharkovsky, S (2016) A compact high-gain and front-to-back ratio elliptically tapered antipodal Vivaldi antenna with trapezoid-shaped dielectric Lens. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 15, 552555.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Teni, G, Zhang, N, Qiu, J and Zhang, P (2013) Research on a novel miniaturized antipodal Vivaldi antenna with improved radiation. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 12, 417420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kota, K and Shafai, L (2011) Gain and radiation pattern enhancement of balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna. Electronics Letters 47, 303304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, Y, Li, E, Wang, C and Guo, G (2017) Radiation enhanced Vivaldi antenna with double-antipodal structure. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 561564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, XX, Xu, Y, Wang, H, Zhang, Y and Lv, G (2018) Low cross-polarization antipodal tapered slot antenna with gain, bandwidth enhancement for UWB application. Journal of Computational Electronics 17, 442451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, XX, Pang, DW, Wang, HL, Zhang, YM and Lv, GQ (2017) Dielectric slabs covered broadband Vivaldi antenna for gain enhancement. Progress in Electromagnetics Research C 77, 6980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nassar, IT and Weller, TM (2015) A novel method for improving antipodal Vivaldi antenna performance. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 63, 33213324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, Z, Kang, X, Su, J, Guo, Q, Yang, Y and Wang, J (2016) A wideband end-fire conformal Vivaldi antenna array mounted on a dielectric cone. International Journal of Antennas and Propagation 2016, 111.Google Scholar
Eichenberger, J, Yetisir, E and Ghalichechian, N (2019) High-gain antipodal Vivaldi antenna with pseudoelement and notched tapered slot operating at (2.5 to 57) GHz. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 67, 43574366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sang, L, Li, X, Chen, T and Lv, G (2017.) Analysis and design of tapered slot antenna with high gain for ultra wideband based on optimisation of the metamaterial unit layout. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 11, 907914.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bhaskar, M, Johari, E, Akhter, Z and Akhtar, MJ (2016) Gain enhancement of the Vivaldi antenna with band notch characteristics using zero index material. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 58, 233239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pandey, GK, Singh, HS and Meshram, MK (2016) Meander-line-based inhomogeneous anisotropic artificial material for gain enhancement of UWB Vivaldi antenna. Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing 122, 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sun, M, Chen, ZN and Qing, X (2013) Gain enhancement of 60-GHz antipodal tapered slot antenna using zero-index metamaterial. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 61, 17411746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Li, X, Zhou, H, Gao, Z, Wang, H and Lv, G (2017) Metamaterial slabs covered UWB antipodal Vivaldi antenna. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 16, 29432946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Xu, Y, Wang, J, Ge, L, Wang, X and Wu, W (2018) Design of a notched-band Vivaldi antenna with high selectivity. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 17, 6265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Natarajan, R, Kanagasabai, M and Gulam Nabi Alsath, M (2016) Dual mode antipodal Vivaldi antenna. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 10, 16431647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wu, J, Zhao, Z, Nie, Z and Liu, Q (2014) A printed UWB Vivaldi antenna using stepped connection structure between slotline and tapered patches. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 13, 698701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fusco, PLVF (2011) Antipodal Vivaldi antenna with tuneable band rejection capability. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation 5, 372378.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 60
Total number of PDF views: 58 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 21st October 2020 - 7th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Vivaldi antennas: a historical review and current state of art
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Vivaldi antennas: a historical review and current state of art
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Vivaldi antennas: a historical review and current state of art
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *