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Low SAR planar monopole antenna for wireless communication applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 June 2013

Dalia M. Elsheakh
Affiliation:
Microstrip Department, Electronics Research Institute, Giza, Egypt. Phone: 01118976695
Esmat A. Abdallah
Affiliation:
Microstrip Department, Electronics Research Institute, Giza, Egypt. Phone: 01118976695
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Simple internal multiband monopole antenna with low specific absorption rate (SAR) for most wireless communication applications is presented in this paper. The proposed antenna is an unequal arms monopole antenna with a meander stripoin the other substrate side. The antenna has a simple structure and it is sufficiently small in size to be easily fitted on the housing of a mobile phone or a universal serial bus (USB) dongle with size 20 × 50 × 0.8 mm3. The antenna is designed to operate in different bands to cover most of allocated wireless communication bands in the frequency range from 0.9 to 6 GHz. The proposed antenna has an acceptable average gain of about 2.75 dBi and an average efficiency of about 85% while providing a monopole radiation pattern in both horizontal and elevation planes, with average half-power beam width of 65° in the elevation plane. The simulation and the experimental results of the antenna are in agreement. The SAR in the human head is investigated by using CST 2012 Microwave Studio Hugo Voxel Model.

Type
Research Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press and the European Microwave Association 2013 

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