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Psychological Assessment of Adolescent Offenders: Validity of the Brazilian Jesness Inventory–Revised

  • Rafaelle Carolynne Santos Costa (a1), André Vilela Komatsu (a1) and Marina Rezende Bazon (a1)

Abstract

This work presents validation of the Jesness Inventory, particularly its revised version, to the Brazilian reality. It was developed by Carl Jesness, based on his clinical experience and research programs for juvenile offenders, to assess juvenile offenders, particularly to understand the functioning of their personality, offering clues to customize psychosocial intervention, and verification of results from this, in terms of changes in adolescents’ beliefs/values and attitudes. Regarding the psychometric properties, the revised version showed an adequate internal consistency and temporal stability. For the evidence of validity, the results of the concurrent criterion and simultaneous validity were in agreement with those found in other studies, emphasizing the specific capacities of this instrument to distinguish adolescent offenders from non-offenders and properly classify them, denoting its quality in helping the diagnostic process. Research to verify predictive and construct validity is being carried out.

Este trabajo presenta un estudio para la validación del Inventario de Jesness (JI), particularmente su versión revisada (JI-R), en la la realidad brasileña. El Inventario original fue desarrollado por Carl Jesness, basado en su experiencia clínica y programas de investigación sobre delincuentes juveniles, para evaluar a los delincuentes juveniles, en particular para comprender el funcionamiento de su personalidad, ofreciendo pistas para personalizar la intervención psicosocial y la verificación de los resultados en términos de cambios en las creencias, valores y actitudes de los adolescentes. Con respecto a las propiedades psicométricas, la versión revisada mostró una adecuada consistencia interna y estabilidad temporal. Para la evidencia de validez, los resultados del criterio concurrente y la validez simultánea estuvieron de acuerdo con los encontrados en otros estudios, enfatizando las capacidades específicas de este instrumento para distinguir a los delincuentes adolescentes de los no delincuentes y clasificarlos adecuadamente, lo que denota su calidad para ayudar el proceso de diagnostico Se está llevando a cabo una investigación para verificar la validez predictiva y de construcción.

Ce travail présente une étude de validation de l'Inventaire Jesness (JI), en particulier sa version révisée (JI-R), avec la réalité brésilienne. L’ inventaire a été développé par Carl Jesness, sur la base de son expérience clinique et de ses programmes de recherche pour délinquants juvéniles, pour évaluer les délinquants mineurs et en particulier pour comprendre le fonctionnement de sa personnalité, et offrir des indices sur la personnalisation de l'intervention psychosociale dans les croyances, valeurs et attitudes de l'adolescent. En ce qui concerne les propriétés psychométriques, la version révisée a montré une cohérence interne adéquate et une stabilité temporelle. Les résultats du critère concomitant et de la validité simultanée concordent avec ceux trouvés dans d'autres études, soulignant les capacités spécifiques de cet instrument à distinguer les délinquants adolescents des non-délinquants et à les classer correctement, ce qui dénote sa qualité en aidant le processus de diagnostic. Des recherches pour vérifier la validité prédictive et constructive sont en cours.

本研究展示了杰仕那斯量表有效性的相关研究,研究者根据巴西的实际情况,基于杰仕那斯量表修正版开展了深入的研究。杰仕那斯量表的开发者是卡尔∙耶斯内斯(Carl Jesness) ,该量表的开发建立在大量青少年违法者的案例分析和项目研究基础之上,用来评估青少年违法者进行评估,尤其据此更好地了解他的人格形成机制,由此为合理进行心理干预提供线索,并从青少年的信仰、价值观和态度的变化中得到验证。

关于心理测量学性质,修正后的版本具有充分的内在一致性和时间稳定性,该版本的共时标准和共时效度研究结果与其他几项研究的结果一致,这说明了杰仕那斯量表修正版的效度,该量表能有效区分青少年违法者与青少年守法者之间的区别,并适当加以归类,以帮助人们了解诊断过程的质量。而证实预测效度和结构效度的研究正在进行中。

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding Author: Marina Rezende Bazo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto – SP, Brazil. Phone: +55 16 3315 3830 and +55 16 98107 2305. E-mail: mbazon@ffclrp.usp.br

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Psychological Assessment of Adolescent Offenders: Validity of the Brazilian Jesness Inventory–Revised

  • Rafaelle Carolynne Santos Costa (a1), André Vilela Komatsu (a1) and Marina Rezende Bazon (a1)

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