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Between Local and Global: the ‘Ndrangheta’s Drug Trafficking Route

  • Francesca Calandra (a1)

Abstract

According to the last United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime report (2016), 247 million people aged between 15 and 64 years used drugs at least once in the past year, with cocaine being the best-selling of the goods from the ‘Ndrangheta. In this case, the drugs trade is 60% of the systemic gain due to illicit trafficking that allowed the spreading of the Calabrian criminal organization across five continents. Nevertheless, this sometimes little-known apparently harmless organization, which comes from the Aspromonte heartland in Calabria, was included by the United States in the blacklist of the 75 most dangerous drug-trafficking organizations only in 2008. Therefore, this investigative study, based on reference literature, aims to analyse what are the aspects that make the Calabrian criminal organization “local” and “global” at the same time as well as the strengths and weaknesses in combating ‘Ndrangheta’s drug trafficking.

Según el último informe de la UNODC (2016), 247 millones de personas de entre 15 y 64 años consumieron drogas al menos una vez en el último año, con la cocaína siendo la mercancía más vendida de la 'Ndrangheta.

En este caso, el tráfico de drogas representa el 60% de la ganancia sistémica de este grupo criminal debido a los tráficos ilícitos que permitieron la difusión de la organización criminal de Calabria en los cinco continentes.

Sin embargo, esta organización aparentemente inofensiva y poco conocida, que proviene del corazón del Aspromonte en Calabria, fue incluida por los EE. UU en la lista negra de las 75 organizaciones de narcotraficantes más peligrosas solo en el 2008.

Por lo tanto, este estudio de investigación, basado sobre literatura de referencia, tiene como objetivo analizar cuáles son los aspectos que hacen que esta organización delictiva de Calabria sea "local" y "global" al mismo tiempo, así como los aspectos fuertes y debiles de la lucha contra el narcotráfico de la Ndrangheta.

Selon le dernier rapport de l'ONUDC (2016), 247 millions de personnes âgées de 15 à 64 ans ont consommé de la drogue au moins une fois au cours de l'année écoulée, la cocaïne étant la drogue la plus vendue par la Ndrangheta.

Dans ce cas, le commerce de la drogue représente 60% des gains générés par les trafics illicites de cette organisation criminelle Calabraise qui ont permis sa propagation sur les cinq continents.

Pourtant malgré son ampleur, cette organisation parfois méconnue, apparemment inoffensive, qui vient du cœur de l'Aspromonte dans le sud de l’Italie, n'a été incluse par les États-Unis dans la liste noire des 75 organisations de trafic de drogue les plus dangereuses qu'en 2008.

Cette enquête, basée sur des textes referencés, vise donc à analyser quels sont les aspects qui rendent cette organisation criminelle Calabraise à la fois  «locale» et «mondiale» mais aussi la force et la faiblesse de la lutte contre le trafic de drogue de la Ndrangheta.

根据联合国毒品和犯罪问题办事处2016年发布的最近的报告,年龄为15岁至64岁的人口中,有2.47亿曾在上一年中至少使用过一次毒品,而可卡因是“光荣会”黑社会组织非法交易最多的毒品。

在这种情况下,毒品交易的非法收益占系统收益的60%,导致卡拉布里亚犯罪组织在五大洲蔓延。

这个组织始发于阿斯普罗蒙特的心脏地带,似乎不为人知,尚未造成明显的危害,但2008年,它在美国列出的“75个最危险的贩毒组织”的黑名单之上。

因此,本研究收集了相关的文献资料,对发源于阿斯普罗蒙特的犯罪组织的本土性和全球性进行了深入分析。此外,本研究提出了打击“光荣会”黑社会组织的优势和短板。

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding Author: Francesca Calandra, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy E-mail: francescamaria.calandra@gmail.com

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Between Local and Global: the ‘Ndrangheta’s Drug Trafficking Route

  • Francesca Calandra (a1)

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