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Charles W. Eliot and the Secondary School

  • Edward Krug

Extract

Charles W. Eliot brought to the chairmanship of the Committee of Ten a background of more than twenty years' concern about and interest in secondary schools. In April 1892, the president of the Massachusetts Association of Classical and High School Teachers said that Eliot had been “with us” since 1870 as “a most original, stimulating, inspiring, and, I may almost say, provoking force.” He added that it was “no small distinction to this body that President Eliot, by all odds the leader in American education today, got some portion of his training in the arena of debate which we provided him.”

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Notes

1. Opening Remarks by the President,” Academy, VII (1892), 190.

2. Mayo, A. D., “The Demands of the Coming Century on the American Common School,” NEA Proceedings 1876, 24.

3. The Massachusetts State Teachers' Association,” Academy, V (1891), 558.

4. Commissioner of Education, Report for the Year 1889–90, II, 1388–89, 1486–87.

5. Eliot, C. W., “Shortening and Enriching the Grammar School Course,” NEA Proceedings 1892, 617.

6. Eliot, C. W., “Can School Programmes be Shortened and Enriched?Atlantic Monthly, MXII (1888), 250–58; C. W. Eliot, “Standards of Admission to College,” Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, Proceedings 1896, 79.

7. Eliot, , “Shortening and Enriching the Grammar School Course,” 623.

8. Ibid., 622.

9. Eliot, C. W., “The Gap between the Elementary Schools and the Colleges,” National Educational Association, Journal of Proceedings and Addresses, 1890, 525.

10. Eliot, C. W., “Undesirable and Desirable Uniformity in Schools,” NEA Proceedings 1892, 90.

11. Ibid., 91.

12. Eliot, , “Shortening and Enriching the Grammar School Course,” 623.

13. Eliot, , “Undesirable and Desirable Uniformity in Schools,” 94.

14. Robinson, Oscar D., “The Work of the Committee of Ten,” School Review, II (1894), 366.

15. Cited in ibid., 368.

16. Eliot, C. W. to Angell, James B., Nov. 18, 1893, James B. Angell Papers, Michigan Historical Collections of the University of Michigan.

17. Eliot, C. W. to Tetlow, John, Dec. 5, 1893, John Tetlow Papers, Houghton Library, Harvard.

18. Eliot, C. W. to Angell, James B., Dec. 8, 1893, James B. Angell Papers.

19. Eliot, C. W., “Comments at the Eighth Annual Meeting of the New England Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools,” School Review, I (1893), 617.

20. Report of the Committee of Ten on Secondary School Studies (New York, 1894), 51–52, 53.

21. Parker, Francis W., “The Report of the Committee of Ten,” NEA Proceedings 1894, 449.

22. Journal of Education, XXXIX (1894), 152.

23. Educational Review, VII (1894), 405.

24. Eliot, C. W. to Butler, N. M., Mar. 1, 1894, C. W. Eliot Papers, Harvard University Archives.

25. Stanley Hall, G., NEA Proceedings 1894, 663.

26. Butler, N. M., NEA Proceedings 1894, 666.

27. Eliot, C. W. to Angell, James B., Dec. 8, 1893, James B. Angell Papers.

28. Eliot, C. W., “The Unity of Educational Reform,” Educational Review, VIII (1894), 209–26.

29. Remsen Bishop, J., NEA Proceedings 1894, 789–91.

30. Forman, S. E., “Civics in the Secondary School,” Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, Proceedings 1894, 54.

31. Cited in Educational Review, VIII (1894), 305–6.

32. Jacobs, W. B., “Values in Secondary Education,” Educational Review, IX (1895), 135.

33. Small, A. W., “Demands of Sociology upon Pedagogy,” NEA Proceedings 1896, 174–84.

34. Thurber, C. H., “Is the Present High-School Course a Satisfactory Preparation for Business?NEA Proceedings 1897, 814.

35. Thurber, Samuel, “Courses of Study in Secondary Schools,” Journal of Education, XLI (1895), 99.

36. C. H. T., “Summer Meetings,” School Review, II (1894), 432.

37. De Garmo, Charles, “Report of the Committee of Ten,” Educational Review, VII (1894), 278–79, 276.

38. American Philological Association, “Address of the Committee of Twelve,” School Review, III (1895), 435–36.

39. The New England Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools: Second Special Meeting,” School Review, III (1895), 152–84.

40. Eliot, C. W. to Tetlow, John, Jan. 1, 1895, John Tetlow Papers.

41. Minutes of Department of Secondary Education,” NEA Proceedings 1896, 559.

42. Journal of Education, XLII (1895), 196.

43. Eliot, C. W., “Standards of Admission to College,” Association of the Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, Proceedings 1896, 8586; C. W. Eliot, “Tendencies of Secondary Education,” Educational Review, XIV (1897), 424; C. W. Eliot, “Recent Changes in Secondary Education,” Atlantic Monthly, LXXXIV (1899), 436–37.

44. Eliot, C. W., “Election of Studies in Secondary Schools: Advantage to be Derived from its Introduction,” Educational Review, XV (1898), 442–49.

45. Eliot, C. W., “A Wider Range of Electives in College Admission Requirements,” Educational Review, XI (1896), 417–28.

46. Eliot, C. W., “Discussion,” Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, Proceedings 1899, 6774.

47. Eliot, C. W., “Discussion,” NEA Proceedings 1900, 198.

48. Eliot, C. W., “The Function of Education in a Democratic Society,” Outlook, LV (1897), 571.

49. Stanley Hall, G., Adolescence (New York, 1904), II, 510–15.

50. Eliot, C. W., “The Fundamental Assumptions in the Report of the Committee of Ten,” Educational Review, XXX (1905), 330.

51. Ibid., 343–44.

52. Eliot, C. W., “Industrial Education as an Essential Factor in our National Prosperity,” National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education, Proceedings 1908, Part I, Bulletin Number 5 of the Society, 12–13.

53. Eliot, C. W., Changes Needed in American Secondary Education (New York, 1916), 1112.

54. Eliot, C. W., A Late Harvest (Boston, 1924), 141.

55. Kentucky Educational Association, Report of the Kentucky “Committee of Ten” (Lexington, 1895); Missouri State Teachers' Association, “Report of the Committee of the Missouri State Teachers' Association,” School Review, IV (1896), 546–48; J. H. Kirkland, “Report of the Committee on Program of Studies for Preparatory Schools,” School Review, VIII (1900), 72–75; R. W. Jones, “Our Proposed New Requirements for Admission to College,” School Review, IX (1901), 501–14.

56. Dexter, E. G., “Ten Years' Influence of the Report of the Committee of Ten,” School Review, XIV (1906), 254–59.

57. Educational Review, XXXII (1906), 106–7.

58. Ella Flagg Young, “The Educational Progress of the Last Two Years,” NEA Proceedings 1907, 394.

59. Butler, N. M., Across the Busy Years (New York, 1939), I, 198.

60. Cited in Journal of Education, XXXIX (1894), 168.

61. Ibid.

Charles W. Eliot and the Secondary School

  • Edward Krug

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