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QTc Interval in individuals with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotic as monotherapy or polypharmacy

  • A. Elliott (a1) (a2), M. Højlund (a1) (a2), T.J. Mørk (a1), T. Christensen (a1), R. Jeppesen (a1), N.J. Madsen (a1), A.G. Viuff (a3), P. Hjorth (a4), J.C. Nielsen (a5) and P. Munk-Jørgensen (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Introduction

Antipsychotics are associated with the polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, Torsade's de pointes, which in worst case can lead to sudden cardiac death. The QTc interval is used as a clinical proxy for Torsade's de pointes. QTc interval is prolonged by monotherapy with antipsychotic, but it is unknown if the QTc interval is prolonged further with antipsychotic polypharmacy.

Objectives

To investigate the associations between QTc interval and antipsychotic mono- and polypharmaceutical treatment, respectively, in schizophrenic patients.

Aims

To learn more about the impact of antipsychotics on the QTc interval.

Methods

An observational cohort study of unselected patients with schizophrenia visiting outpatient facilities in the Region of Central Jutland, Denmark. Patients were enrolled from January 2013 through March 2015 with follow-up until June 2015. Data was collected from clinical interviews and clinical case records.

Results

ECGs were available in 58 patients receiving antipsychotic treatment. We observed no difference in average QTc interval for the whole sample of patients receiving monotherapy or polypharmacy (P = 0.29). However, women presented longer QTc-interval on polypharmacy than on monotherapy (P = 0.01).

Conclusion

We recommend an increased focus on monitoring the QTc interval in woman with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotics as polypharmacy.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

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QTc Interval in individuals with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotic as monotherapy or polypharmacy

  • A. Elliott (a1) (a2), M. Højlund (a1) (a2), T.J. Mørk (a1), T. Christensen (a1), R. Jeppesen (a1), N.J. Madsen (a1), A.G. Viuff (a3), P. Hjorth (a4), J.C. Nielsen (a5) and P. Munk-Jørgensen (a1) (a2)...

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QTc Interval in individuals with schizophrenia receiving antipsychotic as monotherapy or polypharmacy

  • A. Elliott (a1) (a2), M. Højlund (a1) (a2), T.J. Mørk (a1), T. Christensen (a1), R. Jeppesen (a1), N.J. Madsen (a1), A.G. Viuff (a3), P. Hjorth (a4), J.C. Nielsen (a5) and P. Munk-Jørgensen (a1) (a2)...
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