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Prevalence of depressive disorders in shanghai children aged 8∼12 years

  • J. Fan (a1), H.-L. Gu (a1), H.-L. Yang (a1), W.-Y. Wang (a1), J. Yi (a1) and Y.-S. Du (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study was to investigated the prevalence child depression in primary schools.

Methods

3685 students from Grade 3 to Grade 5 were selected from 7 primary schools of Pudong district in Shanghai by random and cluster sampling. The study design consisted of a screening stage in which the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children(CES-DC) were used, and a clinical interview stage in which the K-SADS-present state version (K-SADS) and DSM-IV were used. The diagnoses of depressive disorder were made according the DSM-IV criteria.

Results

The prevalence of children depression was 1.60% (95%CI = 1.19%∼2.00%). The prevalence rate of male(2.08%) was significant higher than that of female (1.09%)(X2=5.40, P = 0.02). The rate of depressive disorder increased with age from 0.57% (8 years old) to 2.47% (12 years old). The prevalence of depression was no significant difference between ages from 8 to 12 years old (X2 = 4.49, P = 0.34).

Conclusion

The prevalence rate of children depression in Shanghai is low. The prevalence of depression among boys is much higher than that of girls.It shows the prevalence of depression is no significant difference between ages from 8 to 12 years old.

Copyright

Prevalence of depressive disorders in shanghai children aged 8∼12 years

  • J. Fan (a1), H.-L. Gu (a1), H.-L. Yang (a1), W.-Y. Wang (a1), J. Yi (a1) and Y.-S. Du (a1)...

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Prevalence of depressive disorders in shanghai children aged 8∼12 years

  • J. Fan (a1), H.-L. Gu (a1), H.-L. Yang (a1), W.-Y. Wang (a1), J. Yi (a1) and Y.-S. Du (a1)...
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