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Cortical Inhibition in Symptomatic and Remitted Mania Compared to Healthy Subjects: A Paired-pulse TMS Study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 March 2020

R. Basavaraju
Affiliation:
Nation Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIMHANS, Department of Psychiatry, Bangalore, India
S. Biradar
Affiliation:
Nation Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIMHANS, Department of Psychiatry, Bangalore, India
U. Mehta
Affiliation:
Nation Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIMHANS, Department of Psychiatry, Bangalore, India
M. Kesavan
Affiliation:
Nation Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIMHANS, Department of Psychiatry, Bangalore, India
J. Thirthalli
Affiliation:
Nation Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIMHANS, Department of Psychiatry, Bangalore, India
V. Ganesan
Affiliation:
Nation Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences NIMHANS, Department of Psychiatry, Bangalore, India

Abstract

Introduction

Cortical inhibition (CI) is a neurophysiological outcome of the interaction between GABA inhibitory interneurons and other excitatory neurons. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) measures of CI deficits have been documented in both symptomatic and remitted bipolar disorder (BD) suggesting it could be a trait marker. The effects of medications and duration of illness may contribute to these findings.

Objective

To study CI in BD.

Aims

To compare CI across early-course medication-naive BD-mania, remitted first episode mania (FEM) and healthy subjects (HS).

Methods

Symptomatic BD subjects having < 3 episodes, currently in mania and medication-naive (n = 27), remitted FEM (n = 27; YMRS < 12 and HDRS < 8) and 45 HS, matched for age and gender, were investigated. Resting motor threshold (RMT) and 1-millivolt motor threshold (MT1) were estimated from the right first dorsal interosseous muscle. Paired-pulse TMS measures of short (SICI; 3ms) and long interval intracortical inhibition (LICI; 100ms) were acquired. Group differences in measures of CI were examined using ANOVA.

Results

Table 1.

Conclusions

Symptomatic mania patients had the highest motor thresholds and the maximum LICI indicating a state of an excessive GABA-B neurotransmitter tone. Remitted mania patients had deficits in SICI indicating reduced GABA-A neurotransmitter tone. Putative changes in GABA-A neurotransmitter system activity with treatment may be investigated in future studies. CI has received less attention in BD as compared to schizophrenia and is a potential avenue for future research in this area.

Disclosure of interest

The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.

Type
Oral communications: Bipolar disorders
Copyright
Copyright © European Psychiatric Association 2017

Table 1 Measures of motor threshold and CI across the three groups.

aDegrees of freedom 2,96.

bProbability error for the omni-bus test.

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