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Relationship between HBV cccDNA expression in the human ovary and vertical transmission of HBV

  • M. M. YU (a1), X. J GU (a2), Y. XIA (a2), G. J. WANG (a1), N. Y. KAN (a1), H. X. JIANG (a1), K. H. WU (a1), Y. JI (a1) and L. L. JU (a1)...

Summary

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) in the ovary and vertical transmission of HBV. HBV DNA and HBV cccDNA were assayed in the ovaries of 33 pregnant women who were positive for HBV DNA. The HBVM (HBV markers, including HBsAg, HBsAb, HBeAg, HBeAb, HBcAb) level and the HBV DNA content in peripheral blood of infants were measured. The overall positive rate of HBV DNA and HBV cccDNA in samples was 51·52% (17/33). The intrauterine infection rate of the infants was 12·12% (4/33). When HBV DNA and HBV cccDNA were both positive, the intrauterine infection rate of infants was significantly higher than when they were both negative (P<0·05). Levels of HBV cccDNA and the rate of positive samples were significantly higher in mothers with infants with intrauterine infection than in those without (P<0·01 and P<0·05, respectively). HBV can infect the human ovary and may transmit to the filial generation via the ovum.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Ms. M. M. Yu, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, China. (Email: yuminmin324@126.com)

References

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