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The rapakivi granites of S Greenland—crustal melting in response to extensional tectonics and magmatic underplating

  • P. E. Brown (a1), T. J. Dempster (a2), T. N. Harrison (a3) and D. H. W. Hutton (a4)

Abstract

Early Proterozoic rapakivi intrusions in S Greenland occur as thick sheets which have ramp–flat geometry and were intruded along the median planes of active ductile extensional shear zones. These shear zones and their intrusions were linked via transfer zones in a major three-dimensional framework. At high structural levels (c. 6 km) the rapakivi intrusions developed thermal aureoles which overprint the regional assemblages, whereas at deeper levels in the regional structure they are contemporaneous with regional metamorphism. Thermobarometry on the regional and contact assemblages indicates low pressure granulite facies conditions (200–400 MPa, 650°-800°C) suggesting very high thermal gradients. The rapakivi suite and associated norites have low initial 87Sr/86Sr together with positive εNd values, indicating the involvement of predominantly young crust and/or mantle component in the generation of the igneous suite. It is considered that the voluminous norites are closely related to the mafic melts which underplated the juvenile crust to trigger the generation of the monzonitic rapakivi suite. Taken together, the data are consistent with a model of Proterozoic lithospheric extension, thinning of relatively juvenile continental crust and compression of mantle isotherms, resulting in high crustal heat flow, mafic underplating, and crustal melting with emplacement of magmas along a linked network of extensional shear zones.

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Keywords

The rapakivi granites of S Greenland—crustal melting in response to extensional tectonics and magmatic underplating

  • P. E. Brown (a1), T. J. Dempster (a2), T. N. Harrison (a3) and D. H. W. Hutton (a4)

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