Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The links between large igneous provinces, continental break-up and environmental change: evidence reviewed from Antarctica

  • Bryan C. Storey (a1), Alan P. M. Vaughan (a2) and Teal R. Riley (a2)

Abstract

Earth history is punctuated by events during which large volumes of predominantly mafic magmas were generated and emplaced by processes that are generally accepted as being, unrelated to ‘normal’ sea-floor spreading and subduction processes. These events form large igneous provinces (LIPs) which are best preserved in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic where they occur as continental and ocean basin flood basalts, giant radiating dyke swarms, volcanic rifted margins, oceanic plateaus, submarine ridges, and seamount chains. The Mesozoic history of Antarctica is no exception in that a number of different igneous provinces were emplaced during the initial break-up and continued disintegration of Gondwana, leading to the isolation of Antarctica in a polar position. The link between the emplacement of the igneous rocks and continental break-up processes remains controversial. The environmental impact of large igneous province formation on the Earth System is equally debated. Large igneous province eruptions are coeval with, and may drive environmental and climatic effects including global warming, oceanic anoxia and/or increased oceanic fertilisation, calcification crises, mass extinction and release of gas hydrates.

This review explores the links between the emplacement of large igneous provinces in Antarctica, the isolation of Antarctica from other Gondwana continents, and possibly related environmental and climatic changes during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anderson, D. L. 1982. Hotspots, polar wander, Mesozoic convection and the geoid. Nature 297, 391–93.
Anderson, D. L. 2000. The thermal state of the upper mantle: no role for mantle plumes. Geophysical Research Letters 27, 3623–26.
Anderson, D. L. 2005. Large igneous provinces, delamination, and fertile mantle. Elements 1, 271–75.
Antonini, P., Picciirillo, E. M., Petrini, R., Civetta, L., D'Antonio, M. & Orsi, G. 1999. Enriched mantle–Dupal signature in the genesis of the Jurassic Ferrar tholeiites from Prince Albert Mountains (Victoria Land, Antarctica). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 136, 119.
Aragón, E., Rodriguez, A. M. I. & Benialgo, A. 1996. A caldera field at the Marifil Formation: new volcanogenic interpretation, North Patagonian massif, Argentina. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 9, 321–28.
Beerling, D. J., & Royer, D. L. 2002. Fossil plants as indicators of the Phanerozoic global carbon cycle. Annual Review of Earth & Planetary Sciences 30, 527–56.
Behrendt, J. C., LeMasurier, W. E., Cooper, A. K., Tessensohn, F., Tréhu, A. & Damaske, D. 1991. Geophysical studies of the West Antarctic rift system. Tectonics 10, 1257–73.
Behrendt, J. C., LeMasurier, W. & Cooper, A. K. 1992. The West Antarctic Rift System – a propagating rift captured by a mantle plume?In Yoshida, K., Kaminuma, K. & Shiraishi, K. (eds) Recent Progress in Antarctic Earth Science, 315–22, Tokyo: Terra Science.
Benton, M. J. 1996. Testing the roles of competition and expansion in tetrapod evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 263(1370), 641–46.
Bott, M. 1992. The styress regime associated with continental break-up. In Storey, B. C., Alabaster, T. & Pankhurst, R. J. (eds) Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 68, 125–36. Bath, UK: the Geological Society Publishing House.
Brewer, T. S., Hergt, J. M., Hawkesworth, C. J., Rex, D. & Storey, B. C. 1992. Coats Land dolerites and the generation of Antarctic continental flood basalts. In Storey, B. C., Alabaster, T. & Pankhurst, R. J. (eds) Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 68, 185208. Bath, UK: the Geological Society Publishing House.
Bryan, S. E., Riley, T. R., Jerram, D. A., Stephens, D. J. & Leat, P. T. 2002. Silicic volcanism: an undervalued component of large igneous provinces and volcanic rifted margins. Geological Society of America Special Paper 362, 97118.
Bryan, S. E., Peate, I. U., Peate, D. W., Self, S., Jerram, D. A., Mawby, M. R., Marsh, J. S. & Miller, J. A. 2010. The largest volcanic eruptions on Earth. Earth-Science Reviews 102(3–4), 207–29.
Burke, K., Steinberger, B., Torsvik, T. H. & Smethurst, M. A. 2008. Plume Generation Zones at the margins of Large Low Shear Velocity Provinces on the core–mantle boundary. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 265, 4960.
Coltice, N., Phillips, B. R., Bertrand, H., Ricard, Y. & Rey, P. 2007. Global warming of the mantle at the origin of flood basalts over supercontinents. Geology 35, 391–94.
Coltice, N., Bertrand, H., Rey, P., Jourdan, F., Phillips, B. R. & Ricard, Y. 2009. Global warming of the mantle beneath continents back to the Archaean. Gondwana Research 15, 254–66.
Cohen, A. S., Coe, A. L., Harding, S. M. & Schwark, L. 2004. Osmium isotope evidence for the regulation of atmospheric CO2 by continental weathering. Geology 32(2), 157–60.
Condie, K. C. 2004. Supercontinents and superplume events: distinguishing signals in the geologic record. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 146(1–2), 319–32.
Condie, K. C., Marais, D. J. D. & Abbott, D. 2001. Precambrian superplumes and supercontinents: a record in black shales, carbon isotopes, and paleoclimates? Precambrian Research 106(3–4), 239–60.
Condie, K. C., Abbott, D. & Des Marais, D. J. 2002. Superplume events in Earth history: causes and effects – preface. Journal of Geodynamics 34(2), 159–62.
Conrad, C. P. & Gurnis, M. 2003. Seismic tomography, surface uplift, and the breakup of Gondwanaland: Integrating mantle convection backwards in time. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 4(3), 1031.
Courtillot, V. & Renne, P. R. 2003. On the ages of flood basalt events. Compte Rendus – Académie des Sciences 335, 113–40.
Cox, K. G. 1988. The Karoo province. In MacDougall, J. D. (ed.) Continental Flood Basalts, 239–71, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Cox, K. G. 1992. Karoo igneous activity, and the early stages of the break-up of Gondwanaland. In Storey, B. C., Alabaster, T. & Pankhurst, R. J. (eds) Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 68, 137–48. Bath, UK: Geological Society Publishing House.
Curtis, M. L., Riley, T. R., Owens, W. H., Leat, P. T. & Duncan, R. A. 2008. The form, distribution and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility of Jurassic dykes in H. U. Sverdrupfjella, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Implications for dyke swarm emplacement. Journal of Structural Geology 30, 1429–47.
Dalziel, I. W. D., De Wit, M. J. & Palmer, K. F. 1974. Fossil marginal basin in the southern Andes. Nature 250(5464), 291–94.
Dalziel, I. W. D., Lawver, L. A. & Murphy, J. B. 2000. Plumes, orogenesis, and supercontinental fragmentation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 178(1–2), 111.
Dalziel, I. W. D. & Elliot, D. H. 1982. West Antarctica: Problem child of Antarctica. Tectonics 1, 319.
Davies, H. J. & Bunge, H. P. 2006. Are splash plumes the origin of minor hotspots? Geology 34, 349–52.
Davis, J. M., Elston, W. E. & Hawkesworth, C. J. 1993. Basic and intermediate volcanism of the Mogollon–Datil volcanic field: implications for mid-Tertiary tectonic transitions in southwestern New Mexico, USA. In Prichard, H. M., Alabaster, T., Harris, N. B. W. & Neary, C. R. (eds) Magmatic processes and plate tectonics. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 76, 469–88. Bath, UK: Geological Society Publishing House.
Eagles, G., Larter, R. D., Gohl, K. & Vaughan, A. P. M. 2009. West Antarctic Rift System in the Antarctic Peninsula. Geophysical Research Letters 36(21), DOI: 10.1029/2009gl040721.
Eagles, G. & Konig, M. 2008. A model of plate kinematics in Gondwana breakup. Geophysical Journal International 173(2), 703–17.
Eagles, G. & Vaughan, A. P. M. 2009. Gondwana breakup and plate kinematics: Business as usual. Geophysical Research Letters 36(10). DOI: 1029/2009gl037552.
Elkins-Tanton, L. T. 2005. Continental magmatism caused by lithospheric delamination. In Foulger, R., Natland, J. H., Presnall, D. C. & Anderson, D. L. (eds) Plates, Plumes and Paradigms. Geological Society of America, Special Publications 388, 449–61.
Ellam, R. M., Carlson, R. W. & Shirley, S. B. 1992. Evidence from Re–Os isotopes for plume–lithosphere mixing in Karoo flood basalt genesis. Nature 359, 718–21.
Elliot, D. H., Fleming, T. H., Kyle, P. R. & Foland, K. A. 1999. Long-distance transport of magmas in the Jurassic Ferrar large igneous province, Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 167, 89104.
Elliot, D. H. & Fleming, T. H. 2000. Weddell triple junction: the principal focus of Ferrar and Karoo magmatism during initial breakup of Gondwana. Geology 28, 539–42.
Elliot, D. H. & Fleming, T. H. 2004. Occurrence and dispersal of magmas in the Jurassic Ferrar large igneous province, Antarctica. Gondwana Research 7, 223–37.
Elliot, D. H. & Hanson, R. E. 2001. Origin of widespread, exceptionally thick basaltic phreatomagmatic tuff breccia in the Middle Jurassic Prebble and Mawson Formations, Antarctica. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 111(1–4), 183201.
Encarnación, J., Fleming, T. H., Elliot, D. H. & Eales, H. V. 1996. Synchronous emplacement of Ferrar and Karoo dolerites and the early breakup of Gondwana. Geology 24, 535–38.
Erba, E. 2004. Calcareous nannofossils and Mesozoic oceanic anoxic events. Marine Micropaleontology 52(1–4), 85106.
Erlank, A. J. 1984. Petrogenesis of the Volcanic Rocks of the Karoo Province. Geological Society of South Africa, Special Publications 13. Johannesburg: Geological Society of South Africa.
Ernst, R. E. & Bell, K. 2010. Large igneous provinces (LIPs) and carbonatites. Mineralogy and Petrology 98(1–4), 5576.
Faccenna, C., Becker, T. W., Lallemandc, S., Lagabriellec, Y.Funiciellod, F. & Piromallo, C. 2010. Subduction-triggered magmatic pulses: A new class of plumes? Earth and Planetary Science Letters 299, 5468.
Faccenna, C. & Becker, T. W. 2010. Shaping mobile belt from small scale convection. Nature 465, 602–05.
Féraud, G., Alric, V., Fornari, M., Bertrand, H. & Haller, M. 1999. 40Ar/39Ar dating of the Jurassic volcanic province of Patagonia: migrating magmatism relating to Gondwana break-up and subduction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 172, 8396.
Ferraccioli, F., Coren, F., Bozzo, E., Zanolla, C., Gandolfi, S., Tabacco, I. & Frezzotti, M. 2001. Rifted(?) crust at the East Antarctic Craton margin: gravity and magnetic interpretation along a traverse across the Wilkes Subglacial Basin region. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 192(3), 407–21.
Ferris, J., Johnson, A. & Storey, B. C. 1998. Form and extent of the Dufek intrusion, Antarctica, from newly compiled aeromagnetic data. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 154, 185202.
Ferris, J., Vaughan, A. P. M. & Storey, B. C. 2000. Relics of a complex triple junction in the Weddell Sea embayment, Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 178, 215–30.
Ferris, J., Storey, B. C., Vaughan, A. P. M., Kyle, P. R. & Jones, P. C. 2003. The Dufek and Forrestal intrusions, Antarctica: A centre for Ferrar large igneaous province dyke emplacement. Geophysical Research letters 30(6), 81.181.4.
Finn, C. A., Muller, R. D. & Panter, K. S. 2005. A Cenozoic diffuse alkaline magmatic province (DAMP) in the southwest Pacific without rift or plume origin. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 6(2). DOI: 10.1029/2004GC000723.
Fitton, J. G., James, D., Kempton, P. D., Ormerod, D. S. & Leeman, W. P. 1988. Role of lithospheric mantle in the generation of Late Cenozoic basic magmas in the western U.S. In Menzies, M. A. & Cox, K. G. (eds) Oceanic and continental lithosphere: Similarities and differences. Journal of Petrology Special Volume(1) 331–49.
Fleming, T. H., Elliot, D. H., Jones, J. M., Bowman, J. R. & Siders, M. A. 1992. Chemical and isotopic variations in an iron-rich flow from the Kirkpatrick Basalt, north Victoria Land, Antarctica: implication for low-temperature alteration. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 73, 105–17.
Foulger, G. R. 2007. The “plate” model for the genesis of melting anomalies. In Foulger, G. R. & Jurdy, D. M. (eds) Plates, Plumes, and Planetary Processes. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 430, 128.
Foulger, G. R., Natland, J. H., Presnall, D. C. & Anderson, D. L. 2005. (eds) Plates, Plumes and Paradigms. Geological Society of America, Special Publication 388. 881 pp.
Ghosh, A. & Holt, W. E. 2012. Plate motions and stresses from global dynamic models. Science 335(6070), 838–43.
Gibson, S. A., Thompson, R. N. & Dickin, A. P. 2000. Ferropicrites: geochemical evidence for Fe-rich streaks in upwelling mantle plumes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 174, 355–74.
Grunow, A. M., Kent, D. V. & Dalziel, I. W. D. 1987. Evolution of the Weddell Sea basin: New palaeomagnetic constraints. Earth Planetary Science Letters 86, 1626.
Gurnis, M. 1988. Large-scale mantle convection and the aggregation and dispersal of supercontinents. Nature 332, 695–99.
Gutierrez-Alonso, G., Fernandez-Suarez, J., Weil, A. B., Murphy, J. B., Nance, R. D., Corfu, F. & Johnston, S. T. 2008. Self-subduction of the Pangaean global plate. Nature Geoscience 1(8), 549–53.
Haggerty, S. E. 1999. Earth and planetary sciences – A diamond trilogy: Superplumes, supercontinents and supernovae. Science 285(5429), 851–60.
Hallam, A. & Wignall, P. B. 1999. Mass extinctions and sea-level changes. Earth-Science Reviews 48(4), 217–50.
Hart, S. R., Hauri, E. H., Oschmann, L. A. & Whitehead, J. A. 1992. Mantle plumes and entrainment: Isotopic evidence. Science 256(5056), 517–20.
Hart, S. R., Blusztajn, J. & Craddock, C. 1995. Cenozoic volcanism in Antarctica: Jones Mountains and Peter I Island, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59(16), 3379–88.
Hart, S. R., Blusztajn, J., LeMasurier, W. E., Rex, W. C., Hawkesworth, C. E. & Arndt, N. T. E. 1997. Hobbs Coast Cenozoic volcanism: Implications for the West Antarctic rift system, Chemical Geology 139(1–4), 223–48.
Heimann, A., Fleming, T. H., Elliot, D. H. & Foland, K. A. 1994. A short interval of Jurassic continental flood basalt volcanism in Antarctica as demonstrated by 40Ar/39Ar geochronology. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 121, 1941.
Heinonen, J. S., Carlson, R. W. & Luttinen, A. V. 2010. Isotopic (Sr, Nd, Pb, and Os) composition of highly magnesian dikes of Vestfjella, western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica: A key to the origins of the Jurassic Karoo large igneous province? Chemical Geology 277(3–4), 227–44.
Heinonen, J. S. & Luttinen, A. V. 2008. Jurassic dikes of Vestfjella, western Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica: geochemical tracing of ferropicrite sources. Lithos 105, 347–64.
Heinonen, J. S. & Luttinen, A. V. 2010. Mineral chemical evidence for extremely magnesian subalkaline melts from the Antarctic extension of the Karoo large igneous province. Mineralogy and Petrology 99, 201–17.
Hergt, J. M. 2000. Comment on: “Enriched mantle – Dupal signature in the genesis of the Jurassic Ferrar tholeiites from Prince Albert Mountains (Victoria Land, Antarctica)” by Antonini et al. (Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 136, 1–19). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 139, 240–44.
Hergt, J. M., Chappell, B. W., McCullagh, M. T., McDougall, I. & Chivas, T. R. 1989a. Geochemical and isotopic constraints on the origin of the Jurassic dolerites of Tasmania. Journal of Petrology 30, 841–83.
Hergt, J. M., Chappell, B. W., Faure, G. & Mensing, T. M. 1989b. The geochemistry of Jurassic dolerite from Portal Peak, Antarctica. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 102, 298305.
Hergt, J. M., Peate, D. W. & Hawkesworth, C. J. 1991. The petrogenesis of Mesozoic Gondwana low-Ti flood basalts. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 105, 134–48.
Heron, P. J. & Lowman, J. P. 2010. Thermal response of the mantle following the formation of a “super-plate”. Geophysical Research Letters 37, L22302.
Heron, P. J. & Lowman, J. P. 2011. The effects of supercontinent size and thermal insulation on the formation of mantle plumes. Tectonophysics 510(1–2), 2838.
Hesselbo, S. P., Grocke, D. R., Jenkyns, H. C., Bjerrum, C. J., Farrimond, P., Bell, H. S. M. & Green, O. R. 2000. Massive dissociation of gas hydrate during a Jurassic oceanic anoxic event. Nature 406(6794), 392–95.
Hesselbo, S. P., Morgans-Bell, H. S., McElwain, J. C., Rees, P. M., Robinson, S. A. & Ross, C. E. 2003. Carbon-cycle perturbation in the Middle Jurassic and accompanying changes in the terrestrial paleoenvironment. Journal of Geology 111(3), 259–76.
Hill, R. I. 1991. Starting plumes and continental break-up. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 104, 398416.
Hofmann, A. W. 1997. Mantle geochemistry: a message from oceanic volcanism. Nature 385, 219–29.
Hofmann, A. W. & White, W. M. 1982. Mantle plumes from ancient continental crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 57, 421–36.
Hole, M. J. & LeMasurier, W. E., 1994. Tectonic controls on the geochemical composition of Cenozoic mafic alkaline volcanic rocks from West Antarctica. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 117, 187202.
Huppert, H. E. & Sparks, R. S. J. 1988. The generation of granitic magmas by intrusion of basalt into continental crust. Journal of Petrology 29, 599624.
Jenkyns, H. C. 1999. Mesozoic anoxic events and palaeoclimate. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Palaontologie, Teil 1 : Allgemeine, Angewandte, Regionale und Historische Geologie, 79.
Jenkyns, H. C. 2003. Evidence for rapid climate change in the Mesozoic–Palaeogene greenhouse world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, Series A 361(1810), 1885–916.
Johnston, S. T. & Thorkelson, D. J. 2000. Continental flood basalts: episodic magmatism above long-lived hotspots. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 175, 247–56.
Kerr, A. C. 1998. Oceanic plateau formation: a cause of mass extinction and black shale deposition around the Cenomanian–Turonian boundary? Journal of the Geological Society, London 155(2), 619–26.
Kerr, A. C. 2005. Oceanic LIPs: The kiss of death. Elements 1(5), 289–92.
Kerr, A. C., Saunders, A. D., Tarney, J., Berry, N. H. & Hards, V. L. 1995. Depleted mantle-plume geochemical signature: no paradox for plume theories. Geology 23, 843–46.
King, S. D. & Anderson, D. L. 1995. An alternative mechanism of flood basalt formation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 136, 269–79.
King, S. D. & Ritsema, J. 2000. African hot spot volcanism: Small-scale convection in the upper mantle beneath cratons. Science 290, 1137–40.
Kyle, P. R. 1980. Development of heterogeneities in the subcontinental mantle: evidence from the Ferrar Group, Antarctica. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 73, 89104.
Kyle, P. R., Elliot, D. H. & Sutter, J. F. 1981. Jurassic Ferrar Supergroup tholeiites from the Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica, and their relation to the initial fragmentation of Gondwana. In Cresswall, M. M. & Vella, P. (eds) Gondwana Five: Proceedings of the Fifth Gondwana Symposium, Wellington, New Zealand, 283–87. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema.
Kyle, P. R., Pankhurst, R., Mukasa, S., Panter, K., Smellie, J. & McIntosh, W. 1994. Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic variations in the Marie Byrd Plume, West Antarctica. U.S. Geological. Survey Circular 1107, 184.
Lanyon, R., Varne, R. & Crawford, A. J. 1993. Tasmanian Tertiary basalts, the Balleny Plume, and opening of the Tasman Sea southwest Pacific Ocean. Geology 21, 555–58.
Larson, R. L. 1991a. Geological consequences of superplumes. Geology 19(10), 963–66.
Larson, R. L. 1991b. Latest pulse of Earth: evidence for a mid-Cretaceous superplume. Geology 19(6), 547–50.
Larson, R. L. & Erba, E. 1999. Onset of the mid-Cretaceous greenhouse in the Barremian–Aptian: igneous events and the biological, sedimentary, and geochemical responses. Paleoceanography 14(6), 663–78.
Larson, R. L. & Kincaid, C. 1996. Onset of mid-Cretaceous volcanism by elevation of the 670 km thermal boundary layer. Geology 24(6), 551–54.
Leahy, G. M. & Bercovici, D. 2007. On the dynamics of a hydrous melt layer above the transition zone. Journal of Geophysical Research 112, B07401.
Leat, P. T. 2008. On the long-distance transport of Ferrar magmas. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 302, 4561.
Leat, P. T., Riley, T. R., Storey, B. C., Kelley, S. P. & Millar, I. L. 2000. Middle Jurassic ultramafic lamprophyre dykes within the Ferrar magmatic province, Pensacola Mountains, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine 64, 95111.
Leckie, R. M., Bralower, T. J. & Cashman, R. 2002. Oceanic anoxic events and plankton evolution: biotic response to tectonic forcing during the mid-Cretaceous. Paleoceanography 17(3), 112.
LeMasurier, W. E. 1990. Late Cenozoic volcanism on the Antarctic Plate: an overview. In LeMasurier, W. E. & Thomson, J. W. (eds) Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Antarctic Research Series 48, 118. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.
LeMasurier, W. E. & Landis, C. A. 1996. Mantle-plume activity recorded by low-relief erosion surfaces in West Antarctica and New Zealand Geological Society of America Bulletin 108(11), 1450–66.
LeMasurier, W. E. & Rex, D. C. 1989. Evolution of linear volcanic ranges in Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research 94(6), 7223–36.
LeMasurier, W. E. & Thomson, J. W. (eds). 1990. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Antarctic Research Series 48. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union. 487 pp.
Liu, L. J., Tan, Y., Sun, D. Y., Chen, M. & Helmberger, D. 2011. Trans-Pacific whole mantle structure. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 116, B04306.
Lupia, R. 1999. Discordant morphological disparity and taxonomic diversity during the Cretaceous angiosperm radiation: North American pollen record. Paleobiology 25(1), 128.
Luttinen, A. V. & Furnes, H. 2000. Flood basalts of Vestfjella: Jurassic magmatism across an Archaean–Proterozoic lithospheric boundary in Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Journal of Petrology 41, 1271–305.
Luyendyk, B. P. 1995. Hypothesis for Cretaceous rifting of East Gondwana caused by subducted slab capture. Geology 23(4), 373–76.
Marsh, J. S. & Eales, H. V. 1984. Chemistry and petrogenesis of the Karoo Central Area, southern Africa. In Erlank, A. J. (ed.) The petrogenesis of the volcanic rocks of the Karoo Province. Geological Society of South Africa, Special Publication 13, 2768. 395 pp.
Martin, A. K. 2007. Gondwana breakup via double-saloon-door rifting and seafloor spreading in a backarc basin during subduction rollback. Tectonophysics 445(3–4), 245–72.
Marzoli, A., Renne, P. R., Piccirillo, E. M., Ernesto, M., Bellieni, G. & De Min, A. 1999. Extensive 200-million-year-old continental flood basalts of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province. Science 284, 616–18.
Mikhailov, V., Stephenson, R. & Diament, M. 2010. Modelling of compression and extension of the continental lithosphere: Towards rehabilitation of the necking-level model. Journal of Geodynamics 50(5), 368–80.
Mitchell, C., Taylor, G. K., Cox, K. G. & Shaw, J. 1986. Are the Falkland Islands a rotated microplate? Nature 319, 131–34.
Molzahn, M., Reisberg, L. & Wörner, G. 1996. Os, Sr, Nd, Pb and O isotope and trace element data from the Ferrar flood basalts, Antarctica: evidence for an enriched subcontinental lithospheric source. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 144, 529–46.
Montelli, R., Nolet, G., Dahlen, F. A., Masters, G., Engdahl, E. R. & Hung, S.-H. 2004. Finite frequency tomography reveals a variety of plumes in the mantle. Science 303(5656), 338–43.
Montelli, R., Nolet, G., Dahlen, F. A. & Masters, G. 2006. A catalogue of deep mantle plumes: New results from finite-frequency tomography. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 7(11). DOI: 10.1029/2006GC001248.
Morgan, W. J. 1971. Convection plumes in lower mantle. Nature 230(5288), 4243.
Morgan, W. J. 1981. Hotspot tracks and the opening of the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. In Emiliani, C. (ed.) The Oceanic Lithosphere, 443–88. New York: Wiley.
Mortimer, N., Parkinson, D., Raine, J. I., Adams, C. J., Graham, I. J., Oliver, P. J. & Palmer, K. 1995. Ferrar magmatic province rocks discovered in New Zealand: implications for Mesozoic Gondwana geology. Geology 23, 185–88.
Murphy, J. B., Nance, R. D. & Cawood, P. A. 2009. Contrasting modes of supercontinent formation and the conundrum of Pangea. Gondwana Research 15(3–4), 408–20.
Murphy, J. B. & Nance, R. D. 2005. Do supercontinents turn inside-in or inside-out? International Geology Review 47(6), 591619.
Pálfy, J. & Smith, P. L. 2000. Synchrony between Early Jurassic extinction, oceanic anoxic event, and the Karoo–Ferrar flood basalt volcanism. Geology 28(8), 747–50.
Pankhurst, R. J., Leat, P. T., Sruoga, P., Rapela, C. W., Márquez, M., Storey, B. C. & Riley, T. R. 1998. The Chon-Aike silicic igneous province of Patagonia and related rocks in Antarctica: a silicic large igneous province. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 81, 113–36.
Pankhurst, R. J., Riley, T. R., Fanning, C. M. & Kelley, S. P. 2000. Episodic silicic volcanism in Patagonia and the Antarctic Peninsula: chronology of magmatism associated with break-up of Gondwana. Journal of Petrology 41, 605–25.
Pankhurst, R. J. & Rapela, C. R. 1995. Production of Jurassic rhyolites by anatexis of the lower crust of Patagonia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 134, 2336.
Pankhurst, R. J. & Vaughan, A. P. M. 2009. The tectonic context of the Early Palaeozoic southern margin of Gondwana. In Bassett, M. G. (ed.) Early Palaeozoic peri-Gondwana terranes: new insights from tectonics and biogeography. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 325, 169–74.
Panter, K. S., McIntosh, W. C. & Smellie, J. L. 1994. Volcanic history of Mount Sidley, a major alkaline volcano in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Bulletin of Volcanology 56, 361–76.
Panter, K., Blusztajn, J., Hart, S. R. & Kyle, P. 1997. Late Cretaceous–Neogene basalts from Chatham Island: Implications for HIMU mantle beneath continental borderlands of the Southwest Pacific. In Seventh Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference, LPI Contribution 921, 156–57. Houston, Texas: Lunar and Planetary Institute.
Panter, K. S., Hart, S. R., Kyle, P., Blusztajn, J. & Wilch, T. 2000. Geochemistry of Late Cenozoic basalts from the Crary Mountains: Characterization of mantle sources in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Chemical Geology 165, 215–41.
Pearce, J. A., Harris, N. B. W. & Tindle, A. G. 1984. Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. Journal of Petrology 25, 956–83.
Peate, D. W. 1997. The Parana–Etendeka Province. In Mahoney, J. J. & Coffin, M. R. (eds) Large igneous provinces: continental, oceanic, and planetary flood volcanism. AGU Geophysical Monograph 100, 217–44. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.
Rey, P. F. & Mueller, R. D. 2010. Fragmentation of active continental plate margins owing to the buoyancy of the mantle wedge. Nature Geoscience 3(4), 257–61.
Richards, M. A., Duncan, R. A. & Courtillot, V. E. 1989. Flood basalts and hot-spot tracks: plume heads and tails. Science 246(4926), 103–07.
Riley, T. R., Leat, P. T., Pankhurst, R. J. & Harris, C. 2001. Origins of large volume rhyolitic volcanism in the Antarctic Peninsula and Patagonia by crustal melting. Journal of Petrology 42, 1043–65.
Riley, T. R., Leat, P. T., Kelley, S. P., Millar, I. L & Thirlwall, M. F. 2003a. Thinning of the Antarctic Peninsula lithosphere through the Mesozoic: evidence from Middle Jurassic basaltic lavas. Lithos 67, 163–79.
Riley, T. R., Leat, P. T., Storey, B. C., Parkinson, I. J. & Millar, I. L. 2003b. Ultramafic lamprophyres of the Ferrar large igneous province: evidence for a HIMU mantle component. Lithos 66(1–2), 6376.
Riley, T. R., Leat, P. T., Curtis, M. L., Millar, I. L. & Fazel, A. 2005. Early–Middle Jurassic dolerite dykes from western Dronning Maud Land (Antarctica): identifying mantle sources in the Karoo large igneous province. Journal of Petrology 46, 1489–524.
Riley, T. R., Curtis, M. L., Leat, P. T., Watkeys, M. K., Duncan, R. A., Millar, L. L. & Owens, W. H. 2006. Overlap of Karoo and Ferrar magma types in KwaZulu–Natal, South Africa. Journal of Petrology 47, 541–56.
Riley, T. R., Flowerdew, M. J., Hunter, M. A. & Whitehouse, M. J. 2010. Middle Jurassic rhyolite volcanism of eastern Graham Land, Antarctic Peninsula: age correlations and stratigraphic relationships. Geological Magazine 147(4), 581–95.
Riley, T. R. & Knight, K. B. 2001. Age of pre-break-up Gondwana magmatism: a review. Antarctic Science 13, 99110.
Riley, T. R. & Leat, P. T. 1999. Large volume silicic volcanism along the proto-Pacific margin of Gondwana: lithological and stratigraphcial investigations from the Antarctic Peninsula. Geological Magazine 136, 116.
Rocchi, S., Armienti, P., D'Orazio, M., Tonarini, S., Wijbrans, J. R. & Di Vincenzo, G. 2002. Cenozoic magmatism in the western Ross Embayment: Role of mantle plume versus plate dynamics in the development of the West Antarctic Rift System. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(B9), 2195.
Rocchi, S., Storti, F., Di Vincenzo, G. & Rossetti, F. 2003, Intraplate strike-slip tectonics as an alternative to mantle plume activity for the Cenozoic rift magmatism in the Ross Sea region, Antarctica, in Intraplate Strike-Slip Deformation Belts. In Storti, F., Holdsworth, R. E. & Salvini, F. (eds) Geological Society, London, Special Publication 210, 145–58.
Rocchi, S., Di Vincenzo, G. & Armienti, P. 2005. No plume, no rift magmatism in the West Antarctic rift. In Foulger, G. R., Anderson, D. L., Natland, J. H. & Presnall, D. C. (eds) Plates, Plumes & Paradigms. Geological Society of America Special Paper 388, 435–47.
Rocholl, A., Stein, M., Molzahn, M., Hart, S. R. & Worner, G. 1995. Geochemical evolution of rift magmas by progressive tapping of a stratified mantle source beneath the Ross Sea Rift, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 131(3–4), 207–24.
Rosenbaum, G., Weinberg, R. F. & Regenauer-Lieb, K. 2008. The geodynamics of lithospheric extension. Tectonophysics 458(1–4), 18.
Ross, P. S., Peate, I. U., McClintock, M. K., Xu, Y. G., Skilling, I. P., White, J. D. L. & Houghton, B. F. 2005. Mafic volcaniclastic deposits in flood basalt provinces: A review. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 145(3–4), 281314.
Rowley, P. D., Schmidt, D. L. & Williams, P. L. 1982. The Mount Poster Formation, southernm Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Journal of the United States 17(5), 3839.
Salvini, F., Brancolini, G., Busetti, M., Storti, G., Mazzarini, F. & Coren, F. 1997. Cenozoic geodynamics of the Ross Sea region, Antarctica: crustal extension, intraplate strike-slip faulting, and tectonic inheritance. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(B11), 24,669–96.
Schaller, M. F., Wright, J. D. & Kent, D. V. 2011. Atmospheric P-CO2 perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province. Science 331(6023), 1404–09.
Schmerr, N., Garnero, E. & McNamara, A. 2010. Deep mantle plumes and convective upwelling beneath the Pacific Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 294(1–2), 143–51.
Schopf, J. M. 1969. Ellsworth Mountains: position in West Antarctica due to sea floor spreading. Science 164, 6366.
Siddoway, C. 2010. Tectonics: Microplate motion. Nature Geoscience 3(4), 225–26.
Sigloch, K., McQuarrie, N. & Nolet, G. 2008. Two-stage subduction history under North America inferred from multiple-frequency tomography. Nature Geoscience 1, 458–62.
Sinton, C. W. & Duncan, R. A. 1997. Potential links between ocean plateau volcanism and global ocean anoxia at the Cenomanian–Turonian boundary. Economic Geology 92, 836–42.
Sobolev, S. V., Sobolev, A. V., Kuzmin, D. V., Krivolutskaya, N. A., Petrunin, A. G., Arndt, N. T., Radko, V. A. and Vasiliev, Y. R. 2011. Linking mantle plumes, large igneous provinces and environmental catastrophes. Nature 477, 312–16.
Spasojevic, S., Gurnis, M. & Sutherland, R. 2010. Inferring mantle properties with an evolving dynamic model of the Antarctica–New Zealand region from the Late Cretaceous. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 115, B05402, 10.1029/2009jb006612.
Steinberger, B. & Torsvik, T. H. 2012. A geodynamic model of plumes from the margins of Large Low Shear Velocity Provinces. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 13(1). DOI: 10.1029/2011GC003808.
Storey, B. C. 1995. The role of mantle plumes in continental breakup: case histories from Gondwanaland. Nature 377(6547), 301–08.
Storey, B. C., Hole, M. J., Pankhurst, R. J., Millar, I. L. & Vennum, W. R. 1988. Middle Jurassic within-plate granites in West Antarctica and their bearing on the break-up of Gondwanaland. Journal of the Geological Society, London 145, 9991007.
Storey, B. C., Leat, P. T., Weaver, S. D., Pankhurst, R. J., Bradshaw, J. D. & Kelley, S. 1999. Mantle plumes and Antarctica–New Zealand rifting: Evidence from Mid-Cretaceous mafic dykes. Journal of the Geological Society, London 156(4), 659–71.
Storey, B. C., Leat, P. T. & Ferris, J. K. 2001. The location of mantle-plume centers during the initial stages of Gondwana break-up. In Ernst, R. E. & Buchan, K. L. (eds) Mantle Plumes: Their identification through time. Geological Society of America Special Papers 352, 7180.
Storey, B. C. & Kyle, P. R. 1997. An active mantle mechanism for Gondwana breakup. South African Journal of Geology 100(4), 283–90.
Stump, E. 1995. The Ross Orogen of the Transantarctic Mountains. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sutherland, R., Spasojevic, S. & Gurnis, M. 2010. Mantle upwelling after Gondwana subduction death explains anomalous topography and subsidence histories of eastern New Zealand and West Antarctica. Geology 38(2), 155–58.
Sweeney, R. J., Duncan, A. R. & Erlank, A. J. 1994. Geochemistry and petrogenesis of central Lebombo basalts of the Karoo igneous province. Journal of Petrology 35, 95125.
Tan, E., Leng, W., Zhong, S. J. & Gurnis, M. 2011. On the location of plumes and lateral movement of thermochemical structures with high bulk modulus in the 3-D compressible mantle. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 12(7). DOI: 10.1029/2011GC003665.
ten Brink, U. S., Bannister, S., Beaudoin, B. C. & Stern, T. A. 1993. Geophysical investigations of the tectonic boundary between East and West Antarctica. Science 261(5117), 4550.
Tessensohn, F. & Wörner, G. 1991. The Ross Sea Rift System, Antarctica: Structure, evolution and analogues. In Thomson, M. R. A., Crame, J. A. & Thomson, J. W. (eds) Geological evolution of Antarctica, 273–78. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Thompson, R. N. & Gibson, S. A. 2000. Transient high temperatures in mantle plume heads inferred from magnesian olivines in Phanerozoic picrites. Nature 407, 502–06.
Torsvik, T. H., Smethurst, M. A., Burke, K. & Steinberger, B. 2008. Long term stability in deep mantle structure: Evidence from the similar to 300 Ma Skagerrak–Centered Large Igneous Province (the SCLIP). Earth and Planetary Science Letters 267(3–4), 444–52.
Torsvik, T. H., Burke, K., Steinberger, B., Webb, S. J. & Ashwall, L. D. 2010. Diamonds sampled by plumes from the core-mantle boundary. Nature 466(7304), 352–55.
Tronnes, R. G. 2010. Structure, mineralogy and dynamics of the lowermost mantle. Mineralogy and Petrology 99, 243–61.
Trubitsyn, V. P., Mooney, W. D. & Abbott, D. H. 2003. Cold cratonic roots and thermal blankets: how continents affect mantle convection. International Geology Review 45(6), 479–96.
van der Hilst, R. D., Widiyantoro, S. & Engdahl, E. R. 1997. Evidence for deep mantle circulation from global tomography. Nature 386(6625), 578–84.
Vaughan, A. P. M. 1995. Circum-Pacific mid-Cretaceous deformation and uplift: a superplume-related event? Geology 23(6), 491–94.
Vaughan, A. P. M. & Livermore, R. A. 2005. Episodicity of Mesozoic terrane accretion along the Pacific margin of Gondwana: implications for superplume-plate interactions. In Vaughan, A. P. M., Leat, P. T. & Pankhurst, R. J. (eds) Terrane Processes at the Margins of Gondwana. Geological Society, London, Special Publication 246, 143–78.
Vaughan, A. P. M. & Storey, B. C. 2007. A new supercontinent self-destruct mechanism: evidence from the Late Triassic–Early Jurassic. Journal of the Geological Society, London 164, 383–92.
Vermeij, G. J. 1977. The Mesozoic marine revolution: evidence from snails, predators and grazers. Paleobiology 3, 245–48.
Wang, Y. & Wen, L. X. 2004. Mapping the geometry and geographic distribution of a very low velocity province at the base of the Earth's mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 109(B10), B10305.
West, J. D., Fouch, M. J., Roth, J. B. & Elkins-Tanton, L. T. 2009. Vertical mantle flow associated with a lithospheric drip beneath the Great Basin, Nature Geoscience 2, 439–44.
Weaver, S. D., Storey, B. C., Pankhurst, R. J., Mukasa, S. B., DiVenere, V. J. & Bradshaw, J. D. 1994. Antarctica–New Zealand rifting and Marie Byrd Land lithospheric magmatism linked to ridge subduction and mantle plume activity. Geology 22, 811–14.
Wever, H. E. & Storey, B. C. 1992. Bimodal magmatism in northest Palmer Land, Antarctic Peninslua: geochemical evidence for a Jurassic ensialic back-arc basin. Tectonophysics 205, 239–59.
White, R. S. 1992. Magmatism during and after continental break-up. In Storey, B. C., Alabaster, T. & Pankhurst, R. J. (eds) Magmatism and the Causes of Continental Break-up. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 68, 116.
White, R. S. & McKenzie, D. P. 1989. Magmatism at rift zones: the generation of volcanic continental margins and flood basalts. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth 94(B6), 7685–729.
Wignall, P. B. 2001. Large igneous provinces and mass extinctions. Earth-Science Reviews 53(1–2), 133.
Wignall, P. B. 2005. The link between large igneous province eruptions and mass extinctions. In Saunders, A. D. (ed.) Large Igneous Provinces: Origin and Environmental Consequences. Elements 1(5), 293–97. Chantilly, Virginia: the Mineralogical Society of America.
Wignall, P. B., Newton, R. J. & Little, C. T. S. 2005. The timing of paleoenvironmental change and cause-and-effect relationships during the early Jurassic mass extinction in Europe. American Journal of Science 305(10), 1014–32.
Wignall, P. B. & Bond, D. P. G. 2008. The end-Triassic and Early Jurassic mass extinction records in the British Isles. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 119, 7384.
Wilson, M. & Downes, H. 2006. Tertiary–Quaternary intra-plate magmatism in Europe and its relationships to mantle dynamics. In Gee, D. & Stephenson, R. (eds) European Lithosphere Dynamics. Geological Society, London, Memoir 32, 147–66.
Wilson, T. J. 1963. A possible origin of the Hawaiian Islands. Canadian Journal of Physics 41, 863–70.
Wooden, J. L.Czamanske, G. K., Federenko, V. A., Arndt, N. T., Chauvel, C., Bouse, R. M., King, B. W., Knight, R. J. & Siems, D. F. 1993. Isotopic and trace element constraints on mantle and crustal contributions to Siberian continental flood basalts, Noril'sk area, Siberia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 57, 3677–704.
Yoshida, M. & Santosh, M. 2011. Supercontinents, mantle dynamics and plate tectonics: A perspective based on conceptual vs. numerical models. Earth-Science Reviews 105(1–2), 124.
Zhu, D. C., Chung, S. L., Mo, X. X., Zhao, Z. D., Niu, Y. L., Song, B. & Yang, Y. H. 2009. The 132 Ma Comei–Bunbury large igneous province: Remnants identified in present-day southeastern Tibet and southwestern Australia. Geology 37(7), 583–86.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The links between large igneous provinces, continental break-up and environmental change: evidence reviewed from Antarctica

  • Bryan C. Storey (a1), Alan P. M. Vaughan (a2) and Teal R. Riley (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.