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The Eocene Protohierodula crabbi Ross, 2019 cannot be reliably assigned to Manteidae (Insecta: Mantodea): A reply

  • Andrew J. ROSS
  • In response to commentaries on:

Abstract

I accept Schubnel & Nel's (2019) opinion that Protohierodula belongs to the clade Artimantodea, that it cannot be reliably assigned to the family Manteidae and should be regarded as family incertae sedis.

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Ehrmann, R. 1999. Gottesanbeterinnen in Kopal und Bernstain (Insecta: Mantodea). Arthropoda 7, 28.
Grimaldi, D. A. 2003. A revision of Cretaceous mantises and their relationships, including new taxa (Insecta: Dictyoptera: Mantodea). American Museum Novitates 3412, 27 pp.
Grimaldi, D. A. & Ross, A. J. 2017. Extraordinary Lagerstätten in Amber, with particular reference to the Cretaceous of Burma. In Fraser, N. C. & Sues, H.-D. (eds). Terrestrial conservation Lagerstätten: Windows into the evolution of life on land, 287–342. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd.
Jarzembowski, E. A. 1980. Fossil insects from the Bembridge Marls, Palaeogene of the Isle of Wight, southern England. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology Series 33, 237293.
Rivera, J. & Svenson, G. J. 2016. The Neotropical ‘polymorphic earless praying mantises' – Part I: molecular phylogeny and revised higher-level systematics (Insecta: Mantodea, Acanthopoidea). Systematic Entomology 41, 607649.
Ross, A. J. 2019. The Blattodea (cockroaches), Mantodea (praying mantises) and Dermaptera (earwigs) of the Insect Limestone (late Eocene), Isle of Wight, including the first record of Mantodea from the UK. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. DOI: 10.1017/S1755691018000440.
Ross, A. J., Jarzembowski, E. A. & Brooks, S. J. 2000. The Cretaceous and Cenozoic record of insects (Hexapoda) with regard to global change. In Culver, S. J. & Rawson, P. F. (eds). Biotic response to global change, the last 145 million years, 288302. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schubnel, T. & Nel, A. 2019. The Eocene Protohierodula crabbi Ross, 2019 cannot be reliably assigned to Manteidae (Insecta: Mantodea). Earth & Environmental Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. DOI: 10.1017/S1755691019000173.
Seyfullah, L. J., Beimforde, C., Dal Corso, J., Perrichot, V., Rikkenen, J. & Schmidt, A. R. 2018. Production and preservation of resins – past and present. Biological Reviews 93, 16841714.
Svenson, G. J. & Rodrigues, H. M. 2017. A Cretaceous-aged Palaeotropical dispersal established an endemic lineage of Caribbean praying mantises. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284, 20171280.
Svenson, G. J. & Whiting, M. F. 2009. Reconstructing the origins of praying mantises (Dictyoptera, Mantodea): the roles of Gondwanan vicariance and morphological convergence. Cladistics 25, 468514.
Zompro, O. 2005. Inter- and intra-ordinal relationships of the Mantophasmatodea, with comments on the phylogeny of polyneopteran orders (Insecta: Polyneoptera). Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg 89, 85116.

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The Eocene Protohierodula crabbi Ross, 2019 cannot be reliably assigned to Manteidae (Insecta: Mantodea): A reply

  • Andrew J. ROSS
  • In response to commentaries on:

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