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Appendages of early Cambrian Eoredlichia (Trilobita) from the Chengjiang biota, Yunnan, China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 December 2008

Xianguang Hou
Affiliation:
Yunnan Key Laboratory for Paleobiology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China
Euan N. K. Clarkson
Affiliation:
School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JW, Scotland, UK
Jie Yang
Affiliation:
Yunnan Key Laboratory for Paleobiology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China
Xiguang Zhang
Affiliation:
Yunnan Key Laboratory for Paleobiology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China
Guangqing Wu
Affiliation:
Yunnan Key Laboratory for Paleobiology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China
Zibo Yuan
Affiliation:
Yunnan Key Laboratory for Paleobiology, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China

Abstract

The early Cambrian Chengjiang biota in Yunnan, southern China has yielded many articulated exoskeletons of the spiny redlichiid trilobite Eoredlichia intermedia, of which some have their appendages exceptionally well preserved. Both of the paired uniramous antennae of a medium-sized holaspis consist of 46–50 short segments (articles), each of which bears a fine spine near its inner edge. Behind the antennae there are twenty-one pairs of biramous limbs: three pairs are situated underneath the cephalon, one pair underneath each of the fifteen thoracic segments, and probably three pairs underneath the small pygidium. The endopod consists of a broad basis and seven podomeres, of which the last is divided into three terminal spines. The exopod is blade-like, and according to one interpretation, is dorsally hinged to the basis of the endopod; an alternative suggestion being that both the endopod and exopod are split from the basis, the latter being independent and not forming part of the endopod. The exopod has a prominent anterior rim, and possesses about forty long filaments along the posterior margin, and short setae along the rounded distal lobe. The basic appendage features of the redlichiid trilobites, and likewise the gut, are comparable to those of other known Cambrian polymerid trilobites that belong to more distantly related clades.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Royal Society of Edinburgh 2009

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