Altonji, Joseph G. and Card, David (1991). The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-Skilled Natives. In Abowd, John M. and Freeman, Richard B. (Eds.), Immigration, Trade, and the Labor Market, pp. 201–231. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.
Borjas, George J. (1995). Assimilation and Changes in Cohort Quality Revisited: What Happened to Immigrant Earnings During the 1980s? Journal of Labor Economics, 13(2): 201–245.
Borjas, George J. (1999). Heaven's Door: Immigration Policy and the American Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Borjas, George J. (2003). The Labor Demand Curve is Downward Sloping: Reexamining the Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4): 1335–1374.
Borjas, George J. (2005). Wage Trends among Disadvantaged Minorities. National Poverty Center Working Paper #05-12.
Borjas, George J., Freeman, Richard B., and Katz, Lawrence F. (1997). How Much Do Immigration and Trade Affect Labor Market Outcomes? Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1: 1–90.
Card, David (1990). The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 43: 245–257.
Card, David (2001). Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration. Journal of Labor Economics, 19(1): 22–64.
Card, David (2005). Is the New Immigration Really so Bad? National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper #11547.
Card, David and DiNardo, John E. (2000). Do Immigrant Inflows Lead to Native Outflows? American Economic Review, 90: 360–367.
Carrington, William J. and de Lima, Pedro J. F. (1996). The Impact of 1970s Repatriates from Africa on the Portuguese Labor Market. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 49(2): 330–347.
Friedberg, Rachel M. (2001). The Impact of Mass Migration on the Israeli Labor Market. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4): 1373–1408.
Friedberg, Rachel M. and Hunt, Jennifer (1995). The Impact of Immigration on Host Country Wages, Employment, and Growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2): 23–44.
Grossman, Jean B. (1982). The Substitutability of Natives and Immigrants in Production. Review of Economics and Statistics, 64(4): 596–603.
Hunt, Jennifer (1992). The Impact of the 1962 Repatriates from Algeria on the French Labor Market. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 45(3): 556–572.
Lewis, Ethan G. (2003). Local Open Economies within the U.S.: How Do Industries Respond to Immigration? Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Working Paper.
Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P. and Peri, Giovanni (2005). Rethinking the Gains from Immigration: Theory and Evidence from the U.S. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper #11672.
Pischke, Jörn-Steffen and Velling, Johannes (1997). Employment Effects of Immigration to Germany: An Analysis Based on Local Labor Markets. Review of Economics and Statistics, 79(4): 594–604.
Raphael, Steven (2005). The Socioeconomic Status of Black Males: The Increasing Importance of Incarceration. In Auerbach, Alan, Card, David, and Quigley, John (Eds.), Poverty, the Distribution of Income, and Public Policy, pp. 319–358. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Smith, James P. and Edmonston, Barry (1997). The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
U.S. Bureau of the Census (2001). Profile of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2000, P23-206. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.