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page 367 note 1 One published previously by Dr. Sarre, Reise in Kleinasien p. 174.

page 367 note 2 Mr Anderson's, statement, J.H.S. 1899, p. 281, 11. 1–3, founded on Cumont in Pauly-Wissowa ii. 484, must therefore be corrected: see Sterrett, Wolfe Exp. No. 380.

page 367 note 3 Reading in C.I.L. iii. 13638.

page 368 note 1 I received a copy of this inscription in January 1905, and copied it myself in May 1905, and sent it to Dr. Wiegand, as stated in § IV. (e).

page 369 note 1 This inscription is strangely misunderstood by Cousin, M., Kyros le Jeune en Asie Min. (1905), pp. 434 f.

page 369 note 2 ELLA, i.e. [P]ella, had been misread Claudia LAodicea by Waddington. The almost total absence of Latin among the great number of Laodicean inscriptions known would alone be a sufficient proof that it was not a Colonia.

page 369 note 3 A man named after a governor is not likely to be his freedman, but a distinguished citizen who gained the civitas in his time.

page 369 note 4 Perhaps about 220–250 A.D., see Ath. Mitth. 1888, p. 244.

page 369 note 5 Taking ΙΛΙΟΝ for in C.I.G 3990 b.

page 369 note 6 See below §§ VII., VIII.

page 369 note 7 In the cases which are referred to, it is not merely that the praenomen is omitted by the Greek carelessness about Roman names; but that Aur., Ael., or FI. is used after the late fashion as a sort of praenomen.

page 370 note 1 Perhaps on stone.

page 371 note 1 This is shown by Mr. Tarn, W. W. in an interesting and valuable paper on ‘The Greek Warship’ (Journal of Hellenic Studies 1905 xxv. 151 n. 56).

page 371 note 2 On this point see further DrBauer, A. in I. Müller's Handbuch d. klass, Altertumswissenschaft iv. 1. 3 p. 368 f.

page 371 note 3 Triremes carried certain supplementary or spare oars called . These were 9 or 9½ cubits long in 373–372 B.C. (C.I.A. ii. 789a 14, 22, 51, 55). Of other oars no exact measurements are recorded.

page 372 note 1 See his article ‘Seewesen’ in Baumeister's Denkmäler d. klass. Altertumswissenschaft. iii. 1609.

page 372 note 2 On which see e.g. Kopecky, J.Die attischen Trieren Leipzig 1890 p. 67 f.

page 372 note 3 From the Revue archéologique 1883 III. i. pl. 7, fig. 2.

page 372 note 4 In I. Müller's Handbuch iv. 1. 3 p. 365 f.

page 372 note 5 E.g. the theories of Graser de veterum re navali 1864, A. Cartault La trière athénienne 1881, E. Assmann ‘Seewesen’ in Baumeister's Denkmäler 1888 and ‘Zur Kenntniss der antiken Schiffe’ in Arch. Jahrb. 1889, Lübeck, E.Das Seewesen der Griechen und Römer 1890, Kopecky, J.Die attischen Trieren Leipzig 1890, Torr, C.Ancient Ships Cambridge 1894 and ‘navis’ in Daremberg et Saglio Dict, des ant. 1904.

page 372 note 6 In Baumeister's, Denkmäler iii. 1609.

page 372 note 7 See Bauer, A. in I. Müller's Handbuch iv. 1. 3 p. 364.

page 372 note 8 Breusing, A.Die Lösung des Trierenrätsels Bremen 1889 p. 113 ff.

page 372 note 9 From le Contre-Amiral Serre, M.Les marines de guerre de l'antiquité et du moyen âge Paris 1885 p. 69, fig. 18.

page 372 note 10 See his argumentation in I. Müller's, Handbuch iv. 1. 3 p. 366 f.

page 373 note 1 Weber, L.Die Lösung des Trierenrätsels Danzig 1896 p. 4 figs. 14, 15.

page 373 note 2 This is implied by the contemporary author Callixenus of Rhodes, as quoted by Athenaeus 5. 37, —a point to which MrTorr, C.Ancient Ships 1894 p. 9 justly called attention.

page 373 note 3 E.g. Weber, L.Die Lösung des Trierenrätsels Danzig 1896, Speck Handelsgeschichte 1900.

page 374 note 1 This argument is developed by the present writer in Whibley's, Companion to Greek Studies 1905 p. 490 ff. See also the weighty considerations adduced by MrTarn, W. W. in the Journal of Hellenic Studies 1905 xxv. 150156.

page 374 note 2 Vice-admiral Jurien de la Gravière La marine des Ptolémées et la marine des romains i. 6 assigns to each oar of this leviathan a team of 20 men, 10 pulling and 10 pushing. But the title can only be justified by doubling these numbers.

page 374 note 3 Thuc. 2. 93.

page 374 note 4 I follow the scholiast ad loc, who states that meant ‘the fleece on which rowers sit to avoid abrading their persons’—a notion ridiculed by Breusing Die Lösung des Trierenrätsels p. 109 ff.

page 374 note 5 Journal of Hellenic Studies 1905 xxv. 149.

page 374 note 6 Fincati, L.Le triremi ed. 2 Rome 1881. I have used both the original book (kindly lent to me by my friend Mr. Wigham Richardson) and the French translation of it given at the end of Rear-admiral Serre's Les marines de guerre Paris 1885 p. 154 ff. Fincati's work is that of a scholar and an enthusiast.

page 374 note 7 Pantera, Armata Navale Rome 1614. See Fincati op. cit. p. 58 f., Serre op. cit. p. 198.

page 374 note 8 E.g. MrBrown, H. F. in The Academy Sept. 29, 1883, p. 219 f., myself in Whibley's Companion to Greek Studies Cambridge 1905 p. 486 ff., MrTarn, W. W. in the Journal of Hellenic Studies 1905 xxv. 139.

page 376 note 1 Graser de veterum re navali § 4.

page 376 note 2 Bauer, A. in I. Müller's Handbuch iv. 1. 3 p. 368.



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