November! gloomy Month! approaches fast,
When Liberty was doom'd to brethe [sic] her last,
All, all her Sons agree to fast that Day,
To mourn, lament and sigh, and hope,—and pray
That the Almighty god of all below,
Some Pity would to suffering Mortals show1.
With these lines an anonymous American poet addressed the first day of November 1765, the date the Stamp Act was to take effect throughout British North America. The hopes of patriots and lovers of liberty, he argued, rested upon the interposition of God on behalf of the American colonies. If the Lord would look with mercy on his afflicted people and come to their aid, their freedoms could yet be preserved. In assigning the continuation of American liberty to the intervention and protection of divine providence, this patriotic poet employed one of the deepest and most popular strands of American thought expressed during the era of the American Revolution.