Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Longitudinal Examination of the Functional Status of Older Adults: Successful Aging Within a Representative Canadian Sample

  • Norm O'Rourke (a1), Richard MacLennan (a2), Thomas Hadjistavropoulos (a2) and Holly Tuokko (a3)

Abstract

Palmore, Nowlin, and Wang (1985) posit a theoretical framework in which to predict the health status of older adults over time as a function of social, economic, physical and mental health variables. The current study provides the first independent, empirical test of this model based upon longitudinal data derived from a representative sample of older British Columbians. The results of this study support the basic structure of the Palmore model; however, various revisions were required to improve the fit of data. Findings indicate that demographic and socio-economic variables have a direct effect upon functional status at baseline. Results further suggest significant consistency in the functional status of older adults over a two-year interval. Directions for future research as well as limitations of the current study are discussed.

Palmore, Nowlin, et Wang (1985) proposent un cadre de travail permettant de prédire l'état de santé des aîné(e)s dans le temps en fonction des variables sociales, économiques, physiques et mentales. L'étude courante fournit le premier test distinct et empirique du genre basé sur des données longitudinales tirées d'un échantillonnage représentatif d'aîné(e)s de la Colombie-Britannique. Les résultats de l'étude soutiennent la structure fondamentale du modèle Palmore; cependant, il a fallu effectuer plusieurs révisions pour améliorer l'adéquation des données. Les résultats indiquent que les variables démographiques et socio-économiques ont un effet direct sur les capacités fonctionnelles de base. Ils font également ressortir une uniformité significative des capacités fonctionnelles des aîné(e)s dans un intervalle de deux ans. Le texte traite aussi de l'orientation que prendra éventuellement la recherche ainsi que les limites de l'étude en cours.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Byrne, B.M. (1998). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Canadian Study of Health and Aging Working Group (CSHA). (1994). Canadian Study of Health and Aging: Study methods and prevalence of dementia. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 150, 899913.
Fozard, J.L., Metter, J., & Brant, L.J. (1990). Next steps in describing aging and disease in longitudinal studies. Journal of Gerontology, 45, P116–P127.
Friedan, B. (1993). Fountain of age. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hershman, D.L., Simonoff, P.A., Frishman, W.H., Paston, F., & Aronson, M.K. (1995). Drug utilization in the old old and how it relates to self-perceived health and all-cause mortality: Results from the Bronx Aging Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 43, 356360.
Hirdes, J.P., & Forbes, W.F. (1993). Factors associated with the maintenance of good self-rated health. Journal of Aging and Health, 5, 101122.
Hoyle, R.H., & Smith, G.T. (1994). Formulating clinical research hypotheses as structural equation models: A conceptual overview. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 62, 429440.
Jöreskog, K.G., & Sörbom, D. (1996). LISREL 8: User's reference guide. Chicago, IL: Scientific Software.
Kline, R.B. (1991). Latent variable path analysis in clinical research: A beginner's tour guide. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 47, 471484.
Mossey, J.M., & Shapiro, E. (1982). Self-rated health: A predictor of mortality among the elderly. American Journal of Public Health, 72, 800808.
Palmore, E.B., Nowlin, J.B., & Wang, H.S. (1985). Predictors of function among the old-old: A ten-year follow-up. Journal of Gerontology, 40, 244250.
Rakowski, W., & Wilcox, V. (1994). Integrating self-rated health and social involvement for the examination of mortality among older persons. Omega, 29, 95111.
Roos, N.P., & Havens, B. (1991). Predictors of successful aging: A twelve-year study of Manitoba elderly. American Journal of Public Health, 81, 6368.
Rowe, J.W., & Kahn, R.L. (1987). Human aging: Usual and successful. Science, 237, 143149.
Schoenfeld, D.E., Malmrose, L.C., Blazer, D.G., Gold, D.T., & Seeman, T.E. (1994). Self-rated health and mortality in the high-functioning elderly — a closer look at healthy individuals: MacArthur Field Study of Successful Aging. Journal of Gerontology, 49, M109–M115.
Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (1996). A life span model of successful aging. American Psychologist, 51, 702714.
Seeman, T.E., Charpentier, P.A., Berkman, L.F., Tinetti, M.E., Guralnik, J.M., Albert, M., Blazer, D., & Rowe, J.W. (1994). Predicting changes in physical performance in a high-functioning elderly cohort: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. Journal of Gerontology, 49, M97–M108.
Siegler, I.C. (1983). Psychological aspects of the Duke Longitudinal Studies. In Schaie, K.W. (Ed.), Longitudinal studies of adult psychological development (pp. 136190). New York: Guilford Press.
Statistics Canada. (1994). Population projections for Canada, provinces and territories: 1993–2016. (Catalogue No. 91–520). Ottawa, ON: Supply and Services Canada.
Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (1996). Using multivariate statistics (3rd ed.). New York: Harper Collins.
Teng, E.L., & Chui, H.C. (1987). The modified mini-mental state (3MS) examination. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 48, 314318.
Ullman, J.B. (1996). Structural equation modeling. In Tabachnick, B.G. & Fidell, L.S. (Eds.), Using multivariate statistics (pp. 709811). New York: Harper Collins.
Vaillant, G.E. (1991). The association of ancestral longevity with successful aging. Journal of Gerontology, 46, P292–P298.
Vaillant, G.E., & Vaillant, C.O. (1990). Natural history of male psychological health, XII: A 45-year study of predictors of successful aging at age 65. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 3137.

Keywords

Longitudinal Examination of the Functional Status of Older Adults: Successful Aging Within a Representative Canadian Sample

  • Norm O'Rourke (a1), Richard MacLennan (a2), Thomas Hadjistavropoulos (a2) and Holly Tuokko (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed