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Do Demographics and Functional Abilities Influence Vehicle Type Driven by Older Canadians?

  • Brenda Vrkljan (a1), Alexander Crizzle (a1) (a2), Simon Villeneuve (a3), Michelle Porter (a4), Sjaan Koppel (a5), Barbara L. Mazer (a6), Gary Naglie (a7), Michel Bédard (a8), Holly A. Tuokko (a9), Isabelle Gélinas (a6), Shawn C. Marshall (a3) and Mark J. Rapoport (a10)...


In this study, we examined the Candrive baseline data (n = 928; aged 70 to 94; 62% were men) to determine whether driver characteristics (i.e., age, gender, height, weight, BMI) and certain functional abilities (i.e., Rapid Paced Walk, Timed Up and Go) influenced the types of vehicles driven. There were significant differences with respect to type of vehicle and mean driver age (F = 3.58, p = 0.003), height, (F = 13.32, p < 0.001), weight (F = 14.31, p < 0.001), and BMI (F = 4.40, p = 0.001). A greater proportion of drivers with osteoporosis (χ2 = 21.23, p = 0.020) and osteo/rheumatoid arthritis (χ2 = 21.23, p = 0.020) drove small and medium-sized cars compared to larger ones. Further research is needed to examine older driver-vehicle interactions, and the relationship to demographics and functional abilities, given the vulnerability of this age group to automotive-related injuries.

Dans cette étude, nous avons examiné les données de base Candrive (n = 928; âge de 70 à 94; 62% étaient des hommes) pour analyser si les caractéristiques des conducteurs (âge, sexe, taille, poids, IMC) et certaines capacités fonctionnelles (c’est-à-dire, le test de rythme rapide à pied, le test “Up and Go”) ont influencé les types de véhicules conduits. Il y avait des différences significatives en ce qui concerne le type de véhicule et l’âge du conducteur (F = 3,58, p = 0,003), la taille (F = 13,32, p <0,001), le poids (F = 14,31, p <0,001) , et l’IMC (F = 4,40, p = 0,001). Une plus grande proportion de conducteurs qui souffrait d’ostéoporose (χ2 = 21,23, p = 0,020) et ostéo / polyarthrite rhumatoïde (χ2 = 21,23, p = 0,020) conduisait des voitures de petite ou moyenne taille par rapport aux plus grandes tailles. D’autres recherches sont nécessaires pour examiner l’interaction des conducteurs âgés avec leurs véhicules, et la relation à la démographie et aux capacités fonctionnelles, compte tenu de la vulnérabilité de ce groupe d’âge à des blessures automobiles.


Corresponding author

La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à: / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Brenda H. Vrkljan, Ph.D., O.T. Reg. (Ont.) Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy School of Rehabilitation Science McMaster University IAHS Bldg., Rm. 450 1400 Main St. W. Hamilton, ON L8S 1C7 (


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Do Demographics and Functional Abilities Influence Vehicle Type Driven by Older Canadians?

  • Brenda Vrkljan (a1), Alexander Crizzle (a1) (a2), Simon Villeneuve (a3), Michelle Porter (a4), Sjaan Koppel (a5), Barbara L. Mazer (a6), Gary Naglie (a7), Michel Bédard (a8), Holly A. Tuokko (a9), Isabelle Gélinas (a6), Shawn C. Marshall (a3) and Mark J. Rapoport (a10)...


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