Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Do Demographics and Functional Abilities Influence Vehicle Type Driven by Older Canadians?

  • Brenda Vrkljan (a1), Alexander Crizzle (a1) (a2), Simon Villeneuve (a3), Michelle Porter (a4), Sjaan Koppel (a5), Barbara L. Mazer (a6), Gary Naglie (a7), Michel Bédard (a8), Holly A. Tuokko (a9), Isabelle Gélinas (a6), Shawn C. Marshall (a3) and Mark J. Rapoport (a10)...

Abstract

In this study, we examined the Candrive baseline data (n = 928; aged 70 to 94; 62% were men) to determine whether driver characteristics (i.e., age, gender, height, weight, BMI) and certain functional abilities (i.e., Rapid Paced Walk, Timed Up and Go) influenced the types of vehicles driven. There were significant differences with respect to type of vehicle and mean driver age (F = 3.58, p = 0.003), height, (F = 13.32, p < 0.001), weight (F = 14.31, p < 0.001), and BMI (F = 4.40, p = 0.001). A greater proportion of drivers with osteoporosis (χ2 = 21.23, p = 0.020) and osteo/rheumatoid arthritis (χ2 = 21.23, p = 0.020) drove small and medium-sized cars compared to larger ones. Further research is needed to examine older driver-vehicle interactions, and the relationship to demographics and functional abilities, given the vulnerability of this age group to automotive-related injuries.

Dans cette étude, nous avons examiné les données de base Candrive (n = 928; âge de 70 à 94; 62% étaient des hommes) pour analyser si les caractéristiques des conducteurs (âge, sexe, taille, poids, IMC) et certaines capacités fonctionnelles (c’est-à-dire, le test de rythme rapide à pied, le test “Up and Go”) ont influencé les types de véhicules conduits. Il y avait des différences significatives en ce qui concerne le type de véhicule et l’âge du conducteur (F = 3,58, p = 0,003), la taille (F = 13,32, p <0,001), le poids (F = 14,31, p <0,001) , et l’IMC (F = 4,40, p = 0,001). Une plus grande proportion de conducteurs qui souffrait d’ostéoporose (χ2 = 21,23, p = 0,020) et ostéo / polyarthrite rhumatoïde (χ2 = 21,23, p = 0,020) conduisait des voitures de petite ou moyenne taille par rapport aux plus grandes tailles. D’autres recherches sont nécessaires pour examiner l’interaction des conducteurs âgés avec leurs véhicules, et la relation à la démographie et aux capacités fonctionnelles, compte tenu de la vulnérabilité de ce groupe d’âge à des blessures automobiles.

Copyright

Corresponding author

La correspondance et les demandes de tirés-à-part doivent être adressées à: / Correspondence and requests for offprints should be sent to: Brenda H. Vrkljan, Ph.D., O.T. Reg. (Ont.) Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy School of Rehabilitation Science McMaster University IAHS Bldg., Rm. 450 1400 Main St. W. Hamilton, ON L8S 1C7 (vrkljan@mcmaster.ca)

References

Hide All
Arthritis Society of Canada (2014). Arthitis facts and statistics. Retrieved from https://www.arthritis.ca/document.doc?id=338
Bellamy, N. (1988). Validation study of WOMAC: A health status instrument for measuring clinically important patient-relevant outcomes following total hip or knee arthroplasty in osteoarthritis. Journal of Orthopedic Rheumatology, 1, 95108.
Butler-Jones, D. (2010). The chief public health officer’s report on the state of public health in Canada: Growing older – adding life to years. Ottawa, ON: Public Health Agency of Canada.
Canadian Medical Association. (2012). CMA driver’s guide: Determining medical fitness to operate motor vehicles (8th ed.). Ottawa, ON: Author.
Choo, S., & Mokhtarian, P. L. (2004). What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 38(3), 201222.
Dellinger, A. M., Boyd, R. M., & Haileyesus, T. (2008). Fall injuries in older adults from an unusual source: Entering and exiting a vehicle. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56, 609614.
Eby, D., & Molnar, L. (2012). Has the time come for an older driver vehicle? Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. Report No. UMTRI-2012-5.
Haddon, W. Jr. (1972). A logical framework for categorizing highway safety phenomena and activity. Journal of Trauma, 12, 193207.
Health Canada (2014). Canadian guidelines for body weight classification in adults: Quick reference tool for professionals. Retrieved from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/nutrition/weights-poids/guide-ld-adult/cg_quick_ref-ldc_rapide_ref-eng.php
Herriotts, P. (2005). Identification of vehicle design requirements for older drivers. Applied Ergonomics, 36(3), 255262.
Koppel, S., Clark, B., Hoareau, E., Charlton, J. L., & Newstead, S. V. (2013). How important is vehicle safety for older consumers in the vehicle purchase process? Traffic Injury Prevention, 14(6), 592601.
Marshall, S., Gagnon, S., Kadulina, Y., Stinchcombe, A., Hickey, A. J., Man-Son-Hing, M., et al. (2012). Is Candrive II truly Canadian: Investigating the representativeness of the Candrive sample through comparisons with the Canadian community health survey sample. Paper presented at the 22nd Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety Conference, Banff, Alberta, CARSP, June 10-13, 2012.
Marshall, S. C., Man-Son-Hing, M., Bedard, M., Charlton, J., Gagnon, S., Gelinas, I., et al. (2013). Protocol for Candrive II/Ozcandrive, a multicentre prospective older driver cohort study. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 61, 245252.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (2008). Traffic safety facts—2008 data. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation.
Osteoporosis Canada (2014). Osteoporosis facts and statistics. Retrieved from http://www.osteoporosis.ca/osteoporosis-and-you/osteoporosis-facts-and-statistics/
Shaw, L., Polgar, J. M., Vrkljan, B., & Jacobson, J. (2010). Seniors’ perceptions of vehicle safety risks and needs. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64(2), 215224.
Transport Canada. (2011). Road safety in Canada. Cat. T46–54/1-2011 E. Ottawa, ON: Author; Government of Canada. Retrieved from http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/motorvehiclesafety/tp-tp15145-1201.htm
Turcotte, M. (2012). Profile of seniors’ transportation habits. Statistics Canada Catalogue, 11–008. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-008-x/2012001/article/11619-eng.htm
Vrkljan, B. H., Cranney, A., Worswick, J., O’Donnell, S., Li, L. C., Gélinas, I., et al. (2010). Supporting safe driving with arthritis: Developing a driving toolkit for clinical practice and consumer use. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64(2), 259267.
Zhan, J., Porter, M. M., Polgar, J., & Vrkljan, B. (2013). Older drivers’ opinions of criteria that inform the cars they buy: A focus group study. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 61, 281287.

Keywords

Do Demographics and Functional Abilities Influence Vehicle Type Driven by Older Canadians?

  • Brenda Vrkljan (a1), Alexander Crizzle (a1) (a2), Simon Villeneuve (a3), Michelle Porter (a4), Sjaan Koppel (a5), Barbara L. Mazer (a6), Gary Naglie (a7), Michel Bédard (a8), Holly A. Tuokko (a9), Isabelle Gélinas (a6), Shawn C. Marshall (a3) and Mark J. Rapoport (a10)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed