Adelman, M. (1990). Stigma, gay lifestyles, and adjustment to aging: A study of later-life for gay men and lesbians. Journal of Homosexuality, 20(3/4), 7–32.
Anetzberger, G. J., Ishler, K. J., Mostade, J., & Blair, M. (2004). Gray and gay: A community dialogue on the issues and concerns of older gays and lesbians. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 17(1), 23–44.
Barnoff, L., Sinding, C., & Grassau, P. (2006). Listening to the voices of lesbians diagnosed with cancer: Recommendations for change in cancer support services. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 18(1), 17–35.
Beeler, J. A., Rawls, T. W., Herdt, G., & Cohler, B. J. (1999). The needs of older lesbians and gay men in Chicago. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 9(1), 31–49.
Bonifazi, W. L. (2000). Somebody to love: Allowing nursing home residents to express their sexuality. Contemporary Long Term Care, 23(4), 22–30.
Bouman, W. P., Arcelus, J., & Benbow, S. M. (2007). Nottingham study of sexuality and ageing (NoSSA II). Attitudes of care staff regarding sexuality and residents: A study in residential and nursing homes. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 22(1), 145–161.
Bowers, B. (1988). Family perceptions of care in a nursing home. The Gerontologist, 28, 261–368.
Brotman, S., Ryan, B., & Collins, S. (2007). Coming out to care: Caregivers of gay and lesbian seniors in Canada. The Gerontologist, 47(4), 490–503.
Brotman, S., Ryan, B., & Cormier, R. (2003). The health and social service needs of gay and lesbian elders and their families in Canada. The Gerontologist, 43(2), 192–202.
Brotman, S., Ryan, B., Jalbert, Y., & Rowe, B. (2002). Reclaiming space-regaining health: The health care experiences of two-spirited people in Canada. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 14(1), 67–87.
Brotman, S., Ryan, B., & Meyer, E. (2006). The health and social service needs of gay and lesbian seniors and their families. Montreal, QC: McGill School of Social Work.
Cahill, S., & South, K. (2002). Policy issues affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in retirement. Generations, 26(2), 49–54.
Cosby, R. F. (2005). Will they be safe? A qualitative research study on staff attitudes toward same-sex couples living in long-term care (Unpublished undergraduate thesis). McMaster University, Hamilton, ON.
Cosby, R. F. (2008). “We expect to be treated the same”: A qualitative study with aging same-sex couples and long-term care (Unpublished master’s thesis). McMaster University, Hamilton, ON.
Croteau, J. M., Lark, J. S., Lidderdale, M. A., & Chung, Y. B. (2004). Deconstructing heterosexism in the counseling professions: A narrative approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Daley, A. (2005). Lesbian and gay health issues: OUTside of the health policy arena. In Cohen, J. & Keelan, J. (Eds.), Comparative program on health and society, Lupina Foundation working paper series, 2004–2005 (pp. 45–59). Toronto, ON: The Munk Centre.
Dickey, R. M. (1989). Exploring nursing staff attitudes on sexuality. Nursing Homes and Senior Citizen Care, 38(3), 15–18.
Dickman-Portz, J., Retrum, J. H., Wright, L. A., Boggs, J. M., Wilkins, S., Grimm, C., … Gozansky, W. (2014). Assessing capacity for providing culturally competent services to LGBT older adults. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57(2–4), 305–321.
Dixon, R. A. (2011). Evaluating everyday competence in older adult couples: Epidemiological considerations. Gerontology, 57, 173–179.
Donahue, P., & McDonald, L. (2005). Gay and lesbian aging: Current perspectives and future directions for social work practice and research. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 86(3), 359–366.
Dorfman, R., Walters, K., Burke, P., Harden, L., Karanik, T., Raphael, J., & Silverstein, E. (1995). Old, sad and alone: The myth of the aging homosexual. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 24, 29–44.
Duncan, K., Clipsham, J., Hampson, E., Krieger, C., MacDonnell, J., Roedding, D., … Ontario Public Health Association. (2000). Improving the access to and quality of public health services for lesbians and gay men. Retrieved from http://www.opha.on.ca/OPHA/media/Resources/Position-Papers/2000-01_pp.pdf?ext=.pdf
Elder, G. H. (1994). Time, agency, and social change: Perspectives on the life course. Social Psychology Quarterly, 57, 4–15.
Eliason, M. J. (1993). Cultural diversity in nursing care: The lesbian, gay, or bisexual client. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 5(1), 14–20.
Elliot, R. (2005). The Canadian earthquake: Same-sex marriage in Canada. New England Law Review, 38(3), 591–620.
Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I. (2011). Resilience and disparities among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender older adults. Public Policy & Aging Report, 21(3), 3–7.
Fredriksen-Goldsen, K. I., Hoy-Ellis, C. P., Goldsen, J., Emlet, C. A., & Hooyman, N. R. (2014). Creating a vision for the future: Key competencies and strategies for culturally competent practice with LGBT older adults in the health and human services. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57, 80–107.
Gladstone, J. W. (1995). Elderly married persons living in long term care institutions: A qualitative analysis of feelings. Ageing and Society, 15, 493–513.
Glaser, B. G., & Strauss, A. C. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory. New York, NY: Aldine.
Greenberg, G. (1997). Right answers, wrong reasons: Revisiting the deletion of homosexuality from the DSM. Review of General Psychology, 1(3), 256–270.
Grossman, A. H., D’Augelli, A. R., & Dragowski, E. A. (2007). Caregiving and care receiving among older lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 18(3/4), 15–38.
Hajjar, R. R., & Kamel, H. K. (2003). Sexuality in the nursing home, part one: Attitudes and barriers to sexual expression. Journal of American Medical Directors Association, 4(3), 152–156.
Hash, K. M. (2001). Preliminary study of caregiving and post-caregiving experiences of older gay men and lesbians. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 13(4), 87–94.
Heaphy, B., Yip, A., & Thomson, D. (2003). Lesbian, gay and bisexual lives over 50. Nottingham, ENG: York House Publications.
Hochschild, A. R. (1983). The managed heart: Commercialization of human feeling. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Holstein, J. A., & Gubrium, J. F. (1995). The active interview. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Hughes, M. (2007). Older lesbians and gays accessing health and aged-care services. Australian Social Work, 60(2), 197–209.
Hughes, A. K., Harold, R. D., & Boyer, J. (2011). Awareness of LGBT aging issues among aging services network providers. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 54, 659–677.
Humble, A. M. (2013). Moving from ambivalence to certainty: Older same-sex couples marry in Canada. Canadian Journal on Aging, 32(2), 131–144.
Hutchinson, E. D. (2005). The life course perspective: A promising approach for bridging the micro and macro worlds for social workers. Families in Society, 86(1), 143–152.
Janoff, D. V. (2005). Pink blood: Homophobic violence in Canada. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
Kaplan, M. J. (2002). Approaching sexual issues in primary care. Primary Care: Clinics and office practice, 29(1), 113–124.
Kimmel, D. C., Rose, T., & David, S. (2006). Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender aging: Research and clinical perspectives. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Knochel, K. A., Quam, J. K., & Croghan, C. F. (2011). Are old lesbian and gay people well served? Understanding the perceptions, preparation, and experiences of aging services providers. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 30(3), 370–389.
Kochman, A. (1997). Gay and lesbian elderly: Historical overview and implications for social work practice. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 9, 1–30.
Kurdek, L. A. (2005). What do we know about gay and lesbian couples?
Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 251–254.
Luborsky, M. R. (1994). The identification and analysis of themes and patterns. In Gubrium, J. F. & Sankar, A. (Eds.), Qualitative methods in aging research (pp.189–210). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
McFarland, P. L., & Saunders, S. (2003). A pilot study about the needs of older gays and lesbians: What do social workers need to know?
Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 40(3), 67–80.
Movement Advancement Project, Services & Advocacy for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, & Transgender Elders & Center for American Progress. (2010). LGBT older adults and inhospitable health care environments. Retrieved from http://sageusa.org/uploads/lgbt_environments.pdf
Nadal, K. (2013). Sexual orientation microaggressions: Experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. In Nadal, K. (Ed.), That’s so gay! Microaggressions and the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community (pp. 51–79). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Namaste, V. (2000). Invisible lives: The erasure of transsexual and transgendered people. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Parenti, M. (1978). Power and the powerless. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.
Parsons, T. (1951). The social system. London, ENG: Routledge.
Parsons, Y. (1995). Private acts, public places. Contemporary Long Term Care, 18(3), 49–55.
Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (pp. 169–186). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Platzer, H., & James, T. (2000). Lesbians’ experience of health care. Journal of Research in Nursing, 5(3), 194–202.
Porter, M., Russell, C., & Sullivan, G. (2004). Gay, old and poor: Service delivery to aging gay men in inner city Sydney, Australia. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 16(2), 43–57.
Pugh, S. (2005). Assessing the cultural needs of older lesbians and gay men: Implications for practice. Practice, 17(3), 207–218.
Quam, J. K., & Whitford, G. S. (1992). Adaptation and age-related expectations of older gay and lesbian adults. The Gerontologist, 32(3), 367–374.
Roach, M. (2004). Sexual behaviour of nursing home residents: Staff perceptions and responses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48(4), 371–379.
Rosenfeld, D. (1999). Identity work among lesbian and gay elderly. Journal of Aging Studies, 13(2), 121–144.
Rosenfeld, D. (2003). The changing of the guard: Lesbian and gay elders, identity and social change. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
Schmidt, K. M. (2008). The couple as a pair bond and the lived experience of dyadic coping with fibromyalgia: A phenomenological study (pp. 184–185) (Unpublished thesis). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.
Serafin, J., Smith, G. B., & Keltz, T. (2013). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) elders in nursing homes: It’s time to clean out the closet. Geriatric Nursing, 34(1), 81–83.
Sinding, C., Barnoff, L., & Grassau, P. (2004). Homophobia and heterosexism in cancer care: The experiences of lesbians. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 36(4), 170–188.
Smith, M. (2009). Identity and opportunity: The lesbian and gay rights movement. In Smith, M. (Ed.), Group politics and social movements in Canada (pp. 181–202). Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.
Smith, L. A., McCaslin, R., Chang, J., Martinez, P., & McGrew, P. (2010). Assessing the needs of older gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people: A service-learning and agency partnership approach. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 53(5), 387–401.
Stein, G. L., Beckerman, N. L., & Sherman, P. A. (2010). Lesbian and gay elders and long-term care: Identifying the unique psychosocial perspectives and challenges. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 53(5), 421–435.
Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Teaster, P. B., & Harley, D. A. (2016). Trends, implications, and future directions for policy, practice and research with LGBT elders. In Harley, D. A. & Teaster, P. B. (Eds.), Handbook of LGBT elders: An interdisciplinary approach to principles (pp. 657–667). Heidelberg, GER: Springer International.
Tolley, C., & Ranzijn, R. (2006). Predictors of heteronormativity in residential aged care facilities. Australian Journal of Ageing, 25(4), 209–214.
Tully, C. T. (2000). Lesbians, gays, & the empowerment perspective. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Walker, B. L., & Harrington, D. (2002). Effects of staff training on staff knowledge and attitudes about sexuality. Educational Gerontology, 28, 639–654.
Ward, R., Vass, A. A., Aggarwal, N., Garfield, C., & Cybak, B. (2005). A kiss is still a kiss? The construction of sexuality in dementia care. Dementia, 4(1), 49–72.
Warner, T. (2002). Never going back: A history of queer activism in Canada. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.