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Ten-year trends in stroke admissions and outcomes in Canada

  • Noreen Kamal (a1), M. Patrice Lindsay (a2), Robert Côté (a3), Jiming Fang (a4), Moira K. Kapral (a5) and Michael D. Hill (a1) (a6)...



We analyzed a 10-year stroke administrative dataset to examine trends in admissions, mortality, and discharge destination in Canada.


We conducted an analysis of hospital administrative data from April 1st 2003 to March 31st 2013 from the Canadian Institute of Health Information’s Discharge Abstract Database. Ten-year trends for population-based age- and sex-standardized admission rates were calculated. We reviewed 10-year trends in absolute stroke admissions for differences between provinces and age groups. Stroke 30-day in-hospital mortality rates were calculated and adjusted for sex, age, stroke type and comorbidities. We documented changes in discharge location for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients discharged from acute care.


The rate of hospital admissions has declined from 140.2 to 117.5 (per 100,000 people). The number of absolute stroke admissions within provinces increased in Alberta and British Columbia (21.7% and 16.2% respectively). The proportion of stroke patients aged 40-69 years old increased by 4.8% (p<0.0001) over the 10 years, whereas the proportion aged over 70 decreased by 4.9% (p<0.0001). Risk-adjusted 30-day in-hospital mortality decreased from: 18.5% to 14.9% for all strokes; 15.2% to 12.1% for ischemic strokes; 35.6% to 29.7% for intracerebral hemorrhage; and 25.1% to 18.0% for subarachnoid hemorrhage. The absolute increase in patients requiring inpatient and outpatient support increased by 4% (p<0.0001).


The rate of admissions for stroke is decreasing but there is an increase in stroke admissions for younger patients. In-hospital mortality is decreasing; fewer patients are going directly home without services and more are requiring support services.

Tendances décennales des hospitalisations et des résultats concernant les accidents vasculaires cérébraux au Canada. Contexte: Nous avons analysé les données administratives décennales des hospitalisations, de la mortalité et de la destination au moment du congé hospitalier des patients atteints d’accidents vasculaires cérébraux (AVC) au Canada. Méthode: Nous avons analysé les données administratives hospitalières du 1er avril 2003 au 31 mars 2013 contenues dans la base de données de l’Institut canadien d’information sur la santé. Nous avons calculé les tendances décennales pour les taux d’admission selon la population, standardisés pour l’âge et le sexe. Nous avons revu les tendances des taux d’hospitalisation pour AVC pour détecter des différences entre les provinces et les groupes d’âges. Les taux de mortalité hospitalière due à l’AVC dans les 30 premiers jours ont été calculés et ajustés pour le sexe, l’âge, le type d’AVC et les comorbidités. Nous avons documenté les changements dans la destination au congé hospitalier pour les patients atteints d’un AVC ischémique et d’un AVC hémorragique. Résultats: Le taux d’hospitalisation a diminué, passant de 140,2 à 117,5 (par 100,000 habitants). Le nombre absolu d’hospitalisations pour AVC dans chaque province a augmenté en Alberta et en Colombie Britannique (21,7% et 16,2% respectivement). La proportion de patients de 40 à 69 ans atteints d’un AVC a augmenté de 4,8% (p<0,0001) au cours de ces 10 ans alors que la proportion de ceux de plus de 70 ans a diminué de 4,9% (p<0,0001). La mortalité hospitalière dans les 30 jours de l’admission, ajustée pour le risque, a diminuée de 18,5% à 14,9% pour tous les AVC ; de 15,2% à 12,1% pour les AVC ischémiques; de 35,6% à 29,7% pour les hémorragies intracérébrales et de 25,1% à 18,0% pour les hémorragies sous-arachnoïdiennes. L’augmentation absolue du nombre de patients nécessitant un soutien hospitalier et extrahospitalier a augmenté de 4% (p<0,0001). Conclusion: Le taux d’hospitalisation pour AVC est en décroissance, mais il y a une augmentation des admissions pour un AVC de patients plus jeunes. La mortalité hospitalière diminue; moins de patients retournent directement à leur domicile sans services d’appoint et un plus grand nombre de patients a besoin de tels services.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Noreen Kamal, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Foothills Hospital, Room 1242 A,1403 29th Street NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 2T9, Canada. Email:


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Ten-year trends in stroke admissions and outcomes in Canada

  • Noreen Kamal (a1), M. Patrice Lindsay (a2), Robert Côté (a3), Jiming Fang (a4), Moira K. Kapral (a5) and Michael D. Hill (a1) (a6)...


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