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P.028 A milder congenital myopathy in the french canadians caused by a novel TNNT1 homozygous missense mutation

  • D Pellerin (a1), A Aykanat (a2), B Ellezam (a1), J Karamchandani (a1), J Mathieu (a3), J Warman Chardon (a4), CG Konersman (a5), AH Beggs (a2), B Brais (a1) and N Chrestian (a6)...

Abstract

Background: Mutations of the slow skeletal muscle troponin-T1 (TNNT1) gene are a rare cause of nemaline myopathy. The phenotype is characterized by severe amyotrophy and contractures. Death from respiratory insufficiency occurs in infancy. We report on four French Canadians with a novel congenital TNNT1-related myopathy. Methods: Patients underwent MRI of leg muscles, quadriceps biopsy and genetic testing. Wild type or mutated human TNNT1 mRNAs were co-injected with morpholinos in a zebrafish knockdown model to assess their relative abilities to rescue the morphant phenotype. Results: Three adults and one child shared a novel missense homozygous pathogenic variant in the TNNT1 gene. They developed from childhood slowly progressive limb-girdle weakness with spinal rigidity and contractures. They suffered from restrictive lung disease and recurrent episodes of infection-triggered rhabdomyolysis, which were relieved by dantrolene in one patient. Older patients remained ambulatory into their sixties. MRI of leg muscles showed symmetrical atrophy and fatty infiltration in a proximal-to-distal gradient. Biopsies showed multi-minicores, while nemaline rods were seen in half the patients. Wild type TNNT1 mRNA rescued the zebrafish morphants but mutant transcripts failed to rescue the morphants. Conclusions: This study expands the spectrum of TNNT1-related myopathy to include a milder clinical phenotype caused by a functionally-confirmed novel missense mutation.

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