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Neuroprotection of Early Locomotor Exercise Poststroke: Evidence From Animal Studies

  • Pengyue Zhang (a1) (a2), Jia Xianglei (a1), Yang Hongbo (a1), Jichuan Zhang (a1) and Ce Xu (a1)...

Abstract

Early locomotor exercise after stroke has attracted a great deal of attention in clinical and animal research in recent years. A series of animal studies showed that early locomotor exercise poststroke could protect against ischemic brain injury and improve functional outcomes through the promotion of angiogenesis, inhibition of acute inflammatory response and neuron apoptosis, and protection of the blood-brain barrier. However, to date, the clinical application of early locomotor exercise poststroke was limited because some clinicians have little confidence in its effectiveness. Here we review the current progress of early locomotor exercise poststroke in animal models. We hope that a comprehensive awareness of the early locomotor exercise poststroke may help to implement early locomotor exercise more appropriately in treatment for ischemic stroke.

Neuroprotection conférée par l’exercice locomoteur précoce après un accident vasculaire cérébral : données tirées des études chez l’animal. L’exercice locomoteur précoce après un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC) a retenu l’attention en recherche clinique et en recherche chez l’animal au cours des dernières années. Plusieurs études chez l’animal ont montré que l’exercice locomoteur précoce après un AVC protégerait contre une lésion ischémique du cerveau et pourrait améliorer l’issue fonctionnelle en favorisant l’angiogenèse, l’inhibition de la réponse inflammatoire aiguë et l’apoptose neuronale ainsi que la protection de la barrière hémato-encéphalique. Cependant, à ce jour, le recours en clinique à l’exercice locomoteur précoce après un AVC a été limité parce que certains cliniciens ont peu confiance en son efficacité. Nous revoyons les progrès actuels dans le domaine de l’exercice locomoteur précoce après un AVC chez des modèles animaux. Nous espérons qu’une sensibilisation à l’exercice locomoteur précoce après un AVC pourra favoriser une utilisation de l’exercice locomoteur précoce de façon plus appropriée dans le traitement de l’AVC ischémique.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Jichuan Zhang or Ce Xu, Medical Faculty, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Yunnan, Kunming, 650500, China. Email: zhangjic@126.com, ciserhsu@gmail.com

References

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Keywords

Neuroprotection of Early Locomotor Exercise Poststroke: Evidence From Animal Studies

  • Pengyue Zhang (a1) (a2), Jia Xianglei (a1), Yang Hongbo (a1), Jichuan Zhang (a1) and Ce Xu (a1)...

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