A temporary pond close to Calgary, Alberta, was studied for 2 years. In the spring of the first year (1974) the pond filled with water to a much higher level than normal and it did not dry and reflood until August. The first flooding hatched eggs of Aedes euedes, A. cataphylla, A. excrucians, A. fitchii, A. flavescens, and A. mercurator; the second flooding hatched eggs of A. vexans and A. cinereus. Estimates of larval population size were made for the latter two species and little larval mortality occurred until the pond was reduced to a few small puddles, when larvae became stranded. The pond dried completely before the pupal stage was attained. Fifty per cent of surviving A. vexans larvae attained instar II in 3.7 days, instar III in 6.6 days, and instar IV in 10.3 days. A. cinereus developed more slowly.
In the second year (1975) the pond contained water from the middle of April to the beginning of June, and did not refill in the summer. Estimates of larval population sizes were made for A. euedes and A. mercurator. These larvae shared a preference for the deeper water in the centre of the pond. Their numbers declined at rates of 9% per day for A. euedes and 7% per day for A. mercurator. Larvae in the second instar survived a period of 3 days when the water surface was covered with ice and snow, but A. euedes experienced a sharp drop in numbers at this time.
Fifty-three per cent of the eggs of A. vexans survived a period of 1 year in areas not flooded with water at appropriate temperatures for hatching.