1 MacCannel, Dean, The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class (New York, 1976), and Smith, Valene, ed., Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism (Philadelphia, 1977), are seminal works. The author would like to thank Professors William Childs and David Stebenne of The Ohio State University for commenting on earlier drafts of this essay.
2 One example is Hall, Colin, Tourism and Politics: Policy, Power, and Place (New York, 1994).
3 On the historical development of tourism in the United States, see especially: Aron, Cindy S., Working at Play: A History of Vacations in the United States (New York, 1999); Jakle, John A., The Tourist: Travel in Twentieth-Century North America (Lincoln, 1985); and Lofgren, Ovar, On Holiday: A History of Vacationing (Berkeley, 1999).
4 Pomeroy, Earl, In Search of the Golden West: The Tourist in Western America (New York, 1957).
5 See also: Cox, Thomas, “Before the Casino: James G. Scugham, State Parks, and Nevada's Quest for Tourism,” Western Historical Quarterly 24 (Aug. 1993): 333–50; Davis, Susan G., “Landscapes of the Imagination: Tourism in Southern California,” Pacific Historical Review 68 (May 1999): 173–91; Hafen, Thomas, “City of Saints, City of Sinners: The Development of Salt Lake City as a Tourist Attraction, 1869–1900,” Western Historical Quarterly 28 (Autumn 1997): 343–77; and Weigel, Marta, “Canyon, Caverns, and Coordinates: From Nature Tourism to Nuclear Tourism in the Southwest,” Journal of the Southwest 39 (Summer 1997): 165–82.
6 Dubinsky, Karen, The Second Greatest Disappointment: Honeymooning and Tourism at Niagara Falls (New Brunswick, N.J., 1999); Judd, Richard, Common Lands, Common People: The Origins of Conservation in New England (Cambridge, Mass., 1997); and Purchase, Eric, Out of Nowhere: Disaster and Tourism in the White Mountains (Baltimore, 1999).
7 Patrick Long, “For Residents and Visitors Alike: Seeking Tourism's Benefits, Minimizing Tourism's Costs,” in Wrobel and Long, eds., Seeing & Being Seen, pp. 81–2.
8 On the transformation of the trans-Mississippi West during World War II, see especially Nash, Gerald, The American West Transformed: The Impact of the Second World War (Bloomington, Ind., 1985), and World War II and the West: Reshaping the Economy (Lincoln, 1990).
9 There is a growing literature. See Arlington, Leonard and Alley, John, Harold F. Silver: Businessman and Civic Leader (Logan, 1992); Davis, Clark, Company Men: White-Collar Life and Corporate Culture in Los Angeles, 1892–1941 (Baltimore, 2000); Foster, Mark S., Henry J. Kaiser: Builder in the Modern American West (Austin, 1989); Nash, Gerald D., A. P. Giannini and the Bank of America (Norman, Okla., 1992); and Pratt, Joseph and Castaneda, Christopher, Builders: Herman and George R. Brown (College Station, Tex., 1999). The January 1986 (vol. 25) edition of Journal of the West is devoted to business entrepreneurs in the West.