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The Impact of Balai Pustaka on Modern Indonesian Literature

  • A. Teeuw

Extract

The story of Balai Pustaka begins in 1908, a memorable year in the history of modern Indonesia, for that was the year in which Boedi Oetomo, the first nationalist organization in Indonesia, was founded. In the same year the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies set up a Commissie voor de Volkslectuur, a Committee for Popular Literature. And even though there was no visible connexion between the founding of Boedi Oetomo and the setting up of this Committee, there certainly was an indirect link. Both the foundation of Boedi Oetomo and the need for an institution for popular literature had something to do with the expansion of modern education in the colony.

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1 van Niel, R., The emergence of the modern Indonesian elite, The Hague, Bandung, 1960, 66–7.

2 Pigeaud, T. G. T., Literature of Java, 3 vols., The Hague, 19671970.

3 Overzicht van de Inlandsche en Maleisch-Chineesche Pers.

4 For a detailed biographical note on Rinkes, see Drewes, G. W. J., ‘D. A. Rinkes: a note on his life and work’, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, CXVII. 4, 1961, 417–35.

5 Aveling, H. G., ‘“Sitti Nurbaja”: some reconsiderations’, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde, CXXVI, 2, 1970, 228–15(with a comment by Taufik Abdullah).

6 Sanoesi Panè’, Pudjangga Baru, III, 6, 1935, 173–7.

7 Batuah, Sjafi R., ‘Dibalik tirai Salah asunan’, Pustaka dan Bndaja, II, 7, 1960.

8 Djojopoespito, Soewarsih, Buiten het gareel: Indonesische roman, second impr., Utrecht, Amsterdam, 1946, 13.

9 Indonesian reviews in Pudjangga Baru, viii, 6, 1940, 130–52, and viii, 7, 1941, 171–8.

10 Toer, Pramoedya Ananta, ‘Balai Pustaka harum namanja didunia internasional dahulu’, Star Weekly, No. 580, 9 02 1957, and Balai Pustaka dialam kemerdekaan’, Star Weekly, No. 581, 16 02 1957.

11 Editorial, Harian Kami, 23 August 1969.

12 Siregar, Bakri, Sedjarah sastera Indonesia modern, Djakarta, 1964, especially ch. iii.

The Impact of Balai Pustaka on Modern Indonesian Literature

  • A. Teeuw

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