Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Positive relationship between consumption of specific fish type and n-3 PUFA in milk of Hong Kong lactating mothers

  • Vincy Wing-Si Wong (a1), Yuk-Fan Ng (a1), Suk-Mei Chan (a2), Yi-Xiang Su (a3), Kevin Wing-Hin Kwok (a1), Hing-Man Chan (a1), Chi-Leung Cheung (a1), Hang-Wai Lee (a1), Wing-Yiu Pak (a1), Shi-Ying Li (a1) and Man-Sau Wong (a1)...

Abstract

Residents of Hong Kong have undergone a dietary transition from a traditional Chinese diet that is high in seafood to a more Western diet. This may have affected the nutritional composition of breast milk of Hong Kong mothers. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between the dietary pattern and the fatty acid profile of the breast milk of lactating women in Hong Kong. Seventy-three volunteering healthy Hong Kong lactating mothers participated in the study. Their dietary intakes were assessed by using a 3-d dietary record and FFQ. The mean n-3 fatty acid levels were approximately 0·4 % (EPA) and 0·9 % (DHA) of total fatty acids in the breast milk of lactating mothers who had exclusively breastfed their infants aged 2–6 months. Maternal dietary intakes of n-3 fatty acids were positively associated with their levels in the breast milk. The levels of maternal intakes of freshwater and saltwater fish, especially the consumption of salmon, croaker and mandarin, were significantly correlated with the content of DHA in breast milk. The present study is among the very few in the literature to determine the fatty acid profile of breast milk in Hong Kong populations and verify certain dietary factors that influence this profile. High levels of n-3 PUFA, especially DHA, were observed in the breast milk of Hong Kong lactating women. The findings may serve as a dietary reference for lactating mothers to optimise the fatty acid profile of their breast milk.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Positive relationship between consumption of specific fish type and n-3 PUFA in milk of Hong Kong lactating mothers
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Positive relationship between consumption of specific fish type and n-3 PUFA in milk of Hong Kong lactating mothers
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Positive relationship between consumption of specific fish type and n-3 PUFA in milk of Hong Kong lactating mothers
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding authors: Man‐Sau Wong, email man-sau.wong@polyu.edu.hk; Shi‐Ying Li, email christine.sy.li@polyu.edu.hk

References

Hide All
1.Agostoni, C, Braegger, C, Decsi, T, et al. (2009) Breast-feeding: a commentary by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 49, 112125.
2.Gersovitz, M, Madden, JP, Smiciklas-Wright, H (1978) Validity of the 24-hr. dietary recall and seven-day record for group comparisons. J Am Diet Assoc 73, 4855.
3.Barker, DJ, Eriksson, JG, Forsen, T, et al. (2002) Fetal origins of adult disease: strength of effects and biological basis. Int J Epidemiol 31, 12351239.
4.Moreira, AS, Teixeira Teixeira, M, da Silveira Osso, F, et al. (2009) Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by overnutrition early in life. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19, 805810.
5.Tarrant, M, Fong, DY, Wu, KM, et al. (2010) Breastfeeding and weaning practices among Hong Kong mothers: a prospective study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 10, 27.
6.Lauritzen, L, Hansen, HS, Jorgensen, MH, et al. (2001) The essentiality of long chain n-3 fatty acids in relation to development and function of the brain and retina. Prog Lipid Res 40, 194.
7.Tau, GZ, Peterson, BS (2010) Normal development of brain circuits. Neuropsychopharmacol 35, 147168.
8.Gibson, RA, Muhlhausler, B, Makrides, M (2011) Conversion of linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), with a focus on pregnancy, lactation and the first 2 years of life. Matern Child Nutr 7, 1726.
9.Lien, EL, Richard, C, Hoffman, DR (2018) DHA and ARA addition to infant formula: current status and future research directions. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 128, 2640.
10.Jensen, RG (1996) The lipids in human milk. Prog Lipid Res 35, 5392.
11.Makrides, M, Simmer, K, Neumann, M, et al. (1995) Changes in the polyunsaturated fatty acids of breast milk from mothers of full-term infants over 30 wk of lactation. Am J Clin Nutr 61, 12311233.
12.Neville, MC, Picciano, MF (1997) Regulation of milk lipid secretion and composition. Annu Rev Nutr 17, 159183.
13.Bokor, S, Koletzko, B, Decsi, T (2007) Systematic review of fatty acid composition of human milk from mothers of preterm compared to full-term infants. Ann Nutr Metab 51, 550556.
14.Antonakou, A, Skenderi, KP, Chiou, A, et al. (2013) Breast milk fat concentration and fatty acid pattern during the first six months in exclusively breastfeeding Greek women. Eur J Nutr 52, 963973.
15.Yuhas, R, Pramuk, K, Lien, EL (2006) Human milk fatty acid composition from nine countries varies most in DHA. Lipids 41, 851858.
16.Golfetto, I, McGready, R, Ghebremeskel, K, et al. (2007) Fatty acid composition of milk of refugee Karen and urban Korean mothers. Is the level of DHA in breast milk of Western women compromised by high intake of saturated fat and linoleic acid? Nutr Health 18, 319332.
17.Gao, Y, Zhang, J, Wang, C, et al. (2011) [Fatty acid composition of mature human milk in three regions of China]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu (J Hygiene Res) 40, 731734.
18.Urwin, HJ, Zhang, J, Gao, Y, et al. (2013) Immune factors and fatty acid composition in human milk from river/lake, coastal and inland regions of China. Br J Nutr 109, 19491961.
19.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2014) The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014 (SOFIA). Rome, Italy: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department.
20.Department of Health (2013) Diet, physical activity and health: Hong Kong situation. http://www.change4health.gov.hk/filemanager/common/image/strategic_framework/action_plan/action_plan_2_e.pdf (accessed May 2016).
21.Chen, ZY, Kwan, KY, Tong, KK, et al. (1997) Breast milk fatty acid composition: a comparative study between Hong Kong and Chongqing Chinese. Lipids 32, 10611067.
22.Peng, Y, Zhou, T, Wang, Q, et al. (2009) Fatty acid composition of diet, cord blood and breast milk in Chinese mothers with different dietary habits. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 81, 325330.
23.Woo, J, Leung, SSF, Ho, SC, et al. (1997) A food frequency questionnaire for use in the Chinese population in Hong Kong: description and examination of validity. Nutr Res 17, 16331641.
24.Centre for Food Safety (2003) Advice for Pregnant Women, Women Planning Pregnancy and Young Children on Fish Consumption. Hong Kong, China: Department of Food & Environmental Hygiene.
25.Arenz, S, Ruckerl, R, Koletzko, B, et al. (2004) Breast-feeding and childhood obesity—a systematic review. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28, 12471256.
26.Chan, MF, Mok, E, Wong, TK, et al. (2008) Investigating the health profiles of Hong Kong Chinese: results of a cluster analysis. J Clin Nurs 17, 911920.
27.Chinese Nutrition Society (2013) Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes. China: Science Press.
28.Zhang, J, Dhakal, IB, Zhao, Z, et al. (2012) Trends in mortality from cancers of the breast, colon, prostate, esophagus, and stomach in East Asia: role of nutrition transition. Eur J Cancer Prev 21, 480489.
29.Li, J, Fan, Y, Zhang, Z, et al. (2009) Evaluating the trans fatty acid, CLA, PUFA and erucic acid diversity in human milk from five regions in China. Lipids 44, 257271.
30.Jiang, J, Wu, K, Yu, Z, et al. (2016) Changes in fatty acid composition of human milk over lactation stages and relationship with dietary intake in Chinese women. Food Funct 7, 31543162.
31.Brenna, JT, Varamini, B, Jensen, RG, et al. (2007) Docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acid concentrations in human breast milk worldwide. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 14571464.
32.Li, SY, Dong, XL, Wong, WSV, et al. (2015) Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations in breast milk from Chinese mothers: comparison with other regions. Int J Child Health Nutr 4, 230239.
33.Food and Agriculture Orgnization of the United Nations (2010) Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition: Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. Rome: FAO.
34.US Food & Drug Administration (2017) Eating fish: what pregnant women and parents should know. https://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/ucm393070.htm (accessed April 2018).
35.Koletzko, B (2016) Human milk lipids. Ann Nutr Metab 69, 2740.
36.Grote, V, Verduci, E, Scaglioni, S, et al. (2016) Breast milk composition and infant nutrient intakes during the first 12 months of life. Eur J Clin Nutr 70, 250256.
37.Philibert, A, Vanier, C, Abdelouahab, N, et al. (2006) Fish intake and serum fatty acid profiles from freshwater fish. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 12991307.
38.Antonakou, A, Skenderi, KP, Chiou, A, et al. (2013) Breast milk fat concentration and fatty acid pattern during the first six months in exclusively breastfeeding Greek women. Eur J Nutr 52, 963973.
39.Demmelmair, H, Baumheuer, M, Koletzko, B, et al. (2001) Investigation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in lactating women by means of stable isotope techniques. Adv Exp Med Biol 501, 169177.
40.Koletzko, B, Boey, CC, Campoy, C, et al. (2014) Current information and Asian perspectives on long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy, lactation, and infancy: systematic review and practice recommendations from an early nutrition academy workshop. Ann Nutr Metab 65, 4980.
41.Liu, N, Mao, L, Sun, X, et al. (2006) Postpartum practices of puerperal women and their influencing factors in three regions of Hubei, China. BMC Public Health 6, 274.
42.Family Health Service (2016) Healthy eating during pregnancy and breastfeeding. https://www.fhs.gov.hk/english/health_info/woman/20036.html (accessed June 2016)

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Positive relationship between consumption of specific fish type and n-3 PUFA in milk of Hong Kong lactating mothers

  • Vincy Wing-Si Wong (a1), Yuk-Fan Ng (a1), Suk-Mei Chan (a2), Yi-Xiang Su (a3), Kevin Wing-Hin Kwok (a1), Hing-Man Chan (a1), Chi-Leung Cheung (a1), Hang-Wai Lee (a1), Wing-Yiu Pak (a1), Shi-Ying Li (a1) and Man-Sau Wong (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.