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Non-esterified fatty acid and glycerol kinetics and fatty acid re-esterification in goats during early lactation

  • F. R. Dunshea (a1), A. W. Bell (a1) and T. E. Trigg (a2)

Abstract

Non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and glycerol kinetics were studied in lactating goats to gain insight into the mechanisms by which animals in early lactation can initially mobilize and later replenish body fat reserves. Kinetic measurements were made at days 10, 38 and 76 post-partum in ten multiparous lactating does. Plasma NEFA concentrations and NEFA entry rate decreased as lactation advanced, being significantly higher at day 10 than at either days 38 or 76 of lactation. Both plasma NEFA concentrations and NEFA entry rate were negatively correlated with calculated energy balance. In contrast, glycerol entry rate was significantly higher at day 76 than at day 10 of lactation and was positively related to both calculated energy intake and energy balance. Apparent intracellular fatty acid re-esterification was lower at day 10 than at later stages of lactation and was positively related to calculated energy balance. It is suggested that during early lactation, substantial shifts in adipose tissue fat reserves can occur via altering rates of fatty acid re-esterification and de novo lipogenesis, without major changes in the rate of lipolysis.

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References

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Keywords

Non-esterified fatty acid and glycerol kinetics and fatty acid re-esterification in goats during early lactation

  • F. R. Dunshea (a1), A. W. Bell (a1) and T. E. Trigg (a2)

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