1Duarte, TL & Lunec, J (2005) Review: when is an antioxidant not an antioxidant? A review of novel actions and reactions of vitamin C. Free Radic Res 39, 671–686.
2Villalpando, S, Montalvo-Velarde, I, Zambrano, N, et al. (2003) Vitamins A, and C and folate status in Mexican children under 12 years and women 12–49 years: a probabilistic national survey. Salud Publica Mex 4, 508S–519S.
3Jain, SK, Wise, R, Yanamandra, K, et al. (2008) The effect of maternal and cord-blood vitamin C, vitamin E and lipid peroxide levels on newborn birth weight. Mol Cell Biochem 309, 217–221.
4Scaife, AR, McNeill, G, Campbell, DM, et al. (2006) Maternal intake of antioxidant vitamins in pregnancy in relation to maternal and fetal plasma levels at delivery. Br J Nutr 95, 771–778.
5Dvir, M, Kohelet, D, Arbel, E, et al. (1992) Umbilical ascorbic acid levels in fetal distress. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 38, 511–515.
6Vobecky, JS, Vobecky, J, Shapcott, D, et al. (1982) Biochemical indices of nutritional status in maternal, cord, and early neonatal blood. Am J Clin Nutr 36, 630–642.
7Heinz-Erian, P, Achmüller, M, Berger, H, et al. (1987) Vitamin C concentrations in maternal plasma, amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood, the plasma of newborn infants, colostrum and transitory and mature breast milk. Padiatr Padol 22, 163–178.
8Dziaman, T, Gackowski, D, Rozalski, R, et al. (2007) Urinary excretion rates of 8-oxoGua and 8-oxodG and antioxidant vitamins level as a measure of oxidative status in healthy, full-term newborns. Free Radic Res 41, 997–1004.
9Dejmek, J, Ginter, E, Solanský, I, et al. (2002) Vitamin C, E and A levels in maternal and fetal blood for Czech and Gypsy ethnic groups in the Czech Republic. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 72, 183–190.
10Ortega, RM, López-Sobaler, AM, Quintas, ME, et al. (1998) The influence of smoking on vitamin C status during the third trimester of pregnancy and on vitamin C levels in maternal milk. J Am Coll Nutr 17, 379–384.
11Madruga de Oliveira, A, Rondó, PH & Barros, SB (2004) Concentrations of ascorbic acid in the plasma of pregnant smokers and nonsmokers and their newborns. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 74, 193–198.
12Woods, JR Jr, Cavanaugh, JL, Norkus, EP, et al. (2002) The effect of labor on maternal and fetal vitamins C and E. Am J Obstet Gynecol 187, 1179–1183.
13Guajardo, L, Beharry, KD, Modanlou, HD, et al. (1995) Ascorbic acid concentrations in umbilical cord veins and arteries of preterm and term newborns. Biol Neonate 68, 1–9.
14Baydas, G, Karatas, F, Gursu, MF, et al. (2002) Antioxidant vitamin levels in term and preterm infants and their relation to maternal vitamin status. Arch Med Res 33, 276–280.
15Bonjour, JP (1979) Vitamins and alcoholism. I. Ascorbic acid. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 49, 434–441.
16Fazio, V, Flint, DM & Wahlqvist, ML (1981) Acute effects of alcohol on plasma ascorbic acid in healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 2394–2396.
17Madruga de Oliveira, A, Rondó, PH, Mastroeni, SS, et al. (2008) Plasma concentrations of ascorbic acid in parturients from a hospital in Southeast Brazil. Clin Nutr 27, 228–232.
18Fórnes, NS, Martins, IS, Herman, M, et al. (2000) Food frequency consumption and lipoproteins serum levels in the population of an urban area, Brazil. Rev Saúde Publ 34, 380–387.
19Wayner, DMM & Burton, GV (1989) . In Handbook of Free Radicals and Antioxidants in Biomedicine, pp. 223–232 [Miguel, J, Quintanilha, A and Weber, H, editors]. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
20Burd, L, Roberts, D, Olson, M, et al. (2007) Ethanol and the placenta: a review. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 5, 361–375.