Alexander, D, Ball, MJ & Mann, J (1994) Nutrient intake and haematological status of vegetarians and age-sex matched omnivores. Eur J Clin Nutr 48, 538–546.
Anderson, BM, Gibson, RS & Sabry, JH (1981) The iron and zinc status of long-term vegetarian women. Am J Clin Nutr 34, 1042–1048.
Bindra, GS & Gibson, RS (1986) Iron status of predominantly lacto-ovo vegetarian East Indian immigrants to Canada: a model approach. Am J Clin Nutr 44, 643–652.
Committee on Diet and Health, National Research Council (1989) Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Cook, JD, Lipschitz, DA, Miles, LE & Finch, CA (1974) Serum ferritin as a measure of iron stores in normal subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 27, 681–687.
Cooper, MJ & Zlotkin, SH (1996) Day-to-day variation of transferrin receptor and ferritin in healthy men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 64, 738–742.
Donovan, UM & Gibson, RS (1995) Iron and zinc status of young women aged 14 to 19 years consuming vegetarian and omnivorous diets. J Am Coll Nutr 14, 463–472.
Haddad, EH, Berk, LS, Kettering, JD, Hubbard, RW & Peters, WR (1999) Dietary intake and biochemical, hematologic, and immune status of vegans compared with nonvegetarians. Am J Clin Nutr 70, 586S–593S.
Harman, SK & Parnell, WR (1998) The nutritional health of New Zealand vegetarian and non-vegetarian Seventh-day Adventists: selected vitamin, mineral and lipid levels. N Z Med J 111, 91–94.
Helman, A, Darnton-Hill, I (1987) Vitamin and iron status in new vegetarians. Am J Clin Nutr 45, 785–789.
Hercberg, S, Preziosi, P & Galan, P (2001) Iron deficiency in Europe. Public Health Nutr 4, 537–545.
Hunt, JR (2003) Bioavailability of iron, zinc, and other trace minerals from vegetarian diets. Am J Clin Nutr 78, Suppl. 3, 633S–639S.
Hunt, JR, Gallagher, SK, Johnson, LK & Lykken, GI (1995) High- versus low-meat diets: effects on zinc absorption, iron status, and calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, nitrogen, phosphorus, and zinc balance in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 62, 621–632.
Hunt, JR & Roughead, ZK (1999) Nonhaem-iron absorption, fecal ferritin excretion, and blood indexes of iron status in women consuming controlled lactoovovegetarian diets for 8 wk. Am J Clin Nutr 69, 944–952.
Hunt, JR & Roughead, ZK (2000) Adaptation of iron absorption in men consuming diets with high or low iron bioavailability. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 94–102.
Leggett, BA, Brown, NN, Bryant, SJ, Duplock, L, Powell, LW & Halliday, JW (1990) Factors affecting the concentrations of ferritin in serum in a healthy Australian population. Clin Chem 36, 1350–1355.
Menotti, A, Blackburn, H, Kromhout, D, Nissinen, A, Adachi, H & Lanti, M (2001) Cardiovascular risk factors as determinants of 25-year all-cause mortality in the seven countries study. Eur J Epidemiol 17, 337–346.
Menotti, A, Kromhout, D, Blackburn, H, Fidanza, F, Buzina, R & Nissinen, A (1999) Food intake patterns and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease: cross-cultural correlations in the Seven Countries Study. The Seven Countries Study Research Group. Eur J Epidemiol 15, 507–515.
Patterson, AJ, Brown, WJ, Roberts, DC & Seldon, MR (2001) Dietary treatment of iron deficiency in women of childbearing age. Am J Clin Nutr 74, 650–656.
Pongstaporn, W & Bunyaratavej, A (1999) Hematological parameters, ferritin and vitamin B12 in vegetarians. J Med Assoc Thai 82, 304–311.
Sarri, K, Linardakis, M, Bervanaki, F, Tzanakis, N & Kafatos, A (2004) Greek Orthodox fasting rituals: a hidden characteristic of the Mediterranean diet of Crete. Br J Nutr 92, 277–284.
Sarri, KO, Tzanakis, NE, Linardakis, MK, Mamalakis, GD & Kafatos, AG (2003) Effects of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on serum lipids and obesity. BMC Public Health 3, 16.
Seidel, J (1984) Improved ferrozine based reagent for the determination of serum iron without deproteinisation. Clin Chem 30, 975.
Shaw, NS, Chin, CJ & Pan, WH (1995) A vegetarian diet rich in soybean products compromises iron status in young students. J Nutr 125, 212–219.
Tsung, SH, Rosenthal, WA & Milewski, KA (1975) Immunological measurement of transferrin compared with chemical measurement of total iron-binding capacity. Clin Chem 21, 1063–1066.
Waldmann, A, Koschizke, JW, Leitzmann, C & Hahn, A (2004) Dietary iron intake and iron status of German female vegans: results of the German vegan study. Ann Nutr Metab 48, 103–108.
Wells, AM, Haub, MD, Fluckey, J, Williams, DK, Chernoff, R & Campbell, WW (2003) Comparisons of vegetarian and beef-containing diets on hematological indexes and iron stores during a period of resistive training in older men. J Am Diet Assoc 103, 594–601.