Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices

  • Catherine M. Fisk (a1), Sarah R. Crozier (a1), Hazel M. Inskip (a1), Keith M. Godfrey (a1) (a2), Cyrus Cooper (a1) (a2), Siân M. Robinson (a1) (a2) and The Southampton Women's Survey Study Group...

Abstract

It is recognised that eating habits established in early childhood may track into adult life. Developing effective interventions to promote healthier patterns of eating throughout the life course requires a greater understanding of the diets of young children and the factors that influence early dietary patterns. In a longitudinal UK cohort study, we assessed the diets of 1640 children at age 3 years using an interviewer-administered FFQ and examined the influence of maternal and family factors on the quality of the children's diets. To describe dietary quality, we used a principal components analysis-defined pattern of foods that is consistent with healthy eating recommendations. This was termed a ‘prudent’ diet pattern and was characterised by high intakes of fruit, vegetables and wholemeal bread, but by low intakes of white bread, confectionery, chips and roast potatoes. The key influence on the quality of the children's diets was the quality of their mother's diets; alone it accounted for almost a third of the variance in child's dietary quality. Mothers who had better-quality diets, which complied with dietary recommendations, were more likely to have children with comparable diets. This relationship remained strong even after adjustment for all other factors considered, including maternal educational attainment, BMI and smoking, and the child's birth order and the time spent watching television. Our data provide strong evidence of shared family patterns of diet and suggest that interventions to improve the quality of young women's diets could be effective in improving the quality of their children's diets.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: C. M. Fisk, fax +44 2380 70 40 21, email cmf@mrc.soton.ac.uk

References

Hide All
1Magarey, AM, Daniels, LA, Boulton, TJ, et al. (2003) Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 505513.
2Singhal, A, Cole, TJ, Fewtrell, M, et al. (2004) Breastmilk feeding and lipoprotein profile in adolescents born preterm: follow-up of a prospective randomised study. Lancet 363, 15711578.
3Singhal, A, Cole, TJ & Lucas, A (2001) Early nutrition in preterm infants and later blood pressure: two cohorts after randomised trials. Lancet 357, 413419.
4Mikkila, V, Rasanen, L, Raitakari, OT, et al. (2005) Consistent dietary patterns identified from childhood to adulthood: the cardiovascular risk in Young Finns Study. Br J Nutr 93, 923931.
5Northstone, K & Emmett, PM (2008) Are dietary patterns stable throughout early and mid-childhood? A birth cohort study. Br J Nutr 100, 10691076.
6Ashcroft, J, Semmler, C, Carnell, S, et al. (2008) Continuity and stability of eating behaviour traits in children. Eur J Clin Nutr 62, 985990.
7Dynesen, AW, Haraldsdottir, J, Holm, L, et al. (2003) Sociodemographic differences in dietary habits described by food frequency questions – results from Denmark. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 15861597.
8Groth, MV, Fagt, S & Brondsted, L (2001) Social determinants of dietary habits in Denmark. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 959966.
9Robinson, SM, Crozier, SR, Borland, SE, et al. (2004) Impact of educational attainment on the quality of young women's diets. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 11741180.
10North, K & Emmett, P (2000) Multivariate analysis of diet among three-year-old children and associations with socio-demographic characteristics. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC) Study Team. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 7380.
11Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (2008) The Nutritional Wellbeing of the British Population. http://www.sacn.gov.uk/pdfs/nutritional_health_of_the_population_final_oct_08.pdf.
12Gregory, J, Collins, D, Davies, PSW, et al. (2009) National Diet and Nutrition Survey children aged 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 years. Vol. 1: Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: HMSO.
13Robinson, S, Marriott, L, Poole, J, et al. (2007) Dietary patterns in infancy: the importance of maternal and family influences on feeding practice. Br J Nutr 98, 10291037.
14Inskip, HM, Godfrey, KM, Robinson, SM, et al. (2006) Cohort profile: the Southampton Women's Survey. Int J Epidemiol 35, 4248.
15Robinson, S, Godfrey, K, Osmond, C, et al. (1996) Evaluation of a food frequency questionnaire used to assess nutrient intakes in pregnant women. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 302308.
16Joliffe, IT & Morgan, BJ (1992) Principal component analysis and exploratory factor analysis. Stat Methods Med Res 1, 6995.
17Fisk, CM, Crozier, SR, Inskip, HM, et al. (2009) Dietary patterns in children: results from the Southampton Women's Survey. Proc Nutr Soc 69, E54.
18Armitage, P & Berry, G (2002) Statistical Methods in Medical Research. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd.
19Crozier, SR, Robinson, SM, Borland, SE, et al. (2006) Dietary patterns in the Southampton Women's Survey. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 13911399.
20Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004) The English Indices of Deprivation 2004 (revised). http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/communities/pdf/131209.pdf.
21Office of Population Censuses Survey (1990) Standard Occupational Classification. London: HMSO.
22Blumberg, SJ, Bialostosky, K, Hamilton, WL, et al. (1999) The effectiveness of a short form of the Household Food Security Scale. Am J Public Health 89, 12311234.
23Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM, et al. (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320, 12401243.
24Aranceta, J, Perez-Rodrigo, C, Ribas, L, et al. (2003) Sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants of food patterns in Spanish children and adolescents: the enKid study. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, Suppl. 1, S40S44.
25Hu, FB, Rimm, EB, Stampfer, MJ, et al. (2000) Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 912921.
26Shin, KO, Oh, SY & Park, HS (2007) Empirically derived major dietary patterns and their associations with overweight in Korean preschool children. Br J Nutr 98, 416421.
27Ovaskainen, ML, Nevalainen, J, Uusitalo, L, et al. (2009) Some similarities in dietary clusters of pre-school children and their mothers. Br J Nutr 102, 443452.
28Kranz, S, Hartman, T, Siega-Riz, AM, et al. (2006) A diet quality index for American preschoolers based on current dietary intake recommendations and an indicator of energy balance. J Am Diet Assoc 106, 15941604.
29Brown, R & Ogden, J (2004) Children's eating attitudes and behaviour: a study of the modelling and control theories of parental influence. Health Educ Res 19, 261271.
30Cooke, LJ, Wardle, J, Gibson, EL, et al. (2004) Demographic, familial and trait predictors of fruit and vegetable consumption by pre-school children. Public Health Nutr 7, 295302.
31Fisher, JO, Mitchell, DC, Smiciklas-Wright, H, et al. (2002) Parental influences on young girls' fruit and vegetable, micronutrient, and fat intakes. J Am Diet Assoc 102, 5864.
32Longbottom, PJ, Wrieden, WL & Pine, CM (2002) Is there a relationship between the food intakes of Scottish 5(1/2)–8(1/2)-year-olds and those of their mothers? J Hum Nutr Diet 15, 271279.
33Oliveria, SA, Ellison, RC, Moore, LL, et al. (1992) Parent–child relationships in nutrient intake: the Framingham Children's Study. Am J Clin Nutr 56, 593598.
34Vereecken, CA, Keukelier, E & Maes, L (2004) Influence of mother's educational level on food parenting practices and food habits of young children. Appetite 43, 93103.
35Bere, E & Klepp, KI (2004) Correlates of fruit and vegetable intake among Norwegian schoolchildren: parental and self-reports. Public Health Nutr 7, 991998.
36Coon, KA, Goldberg, J, Rogers, BL, et al. (2001) Relationships between use of television during meals and children's food consumption patterns. Pediatrics 107, E7.
37Reilly, JJ, Armstrong, J, Dorosty, AR, et al. (2005) Early life risk factors for obesity in childhood: cohort study. BMJ 330, 1357.
38Bower, JA & Sandall, L (2002) Children as consumers-snacking behaviour in primary school children. Int J Consum Stud 26, 1526.
39Serdula, MK, Alexander, MP, Scanlon, KS, et al. (2001) What are preschool children eating? A review of dietary assessment. Annu Rev Nutr 21, 475498.
40Hu, FB, Rimm, E, Smith-Warner, SA, et al. (1999) Reproducibility and validity of dietary patterns assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire. Am J Clin Nutr 69, 243249.
41Ruston, D, Hoare, J, Henderson, L, et al. (2004) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. Vol. 4. Nutritional Status (Anthropometry and Blood Analytes), Blood Pressure and Physical Activity. London: The stationery Office.
42Borland, SE, Robinson, SM, Crozier, SR, et al. (2008) Stability of dietary patterns in young women over a 2-year period. Eur J Clin Nutr 62, 119126.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed