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In defence of phytochemical-rich dietary patterns

  • Nicola M. McKeown (a1) and David R. Jacobs (a2)
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References

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1 United States Department of Health and Human Services & United States Department of Agriculture (2005) Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 6th ed. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
2 Jacobs, DR & Gallaher, DD (2004) Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a review. Curr Atheroscler Rep 6, 415423.
3 McKeown, NM, Yoshida, M, Shea, MK, et al. (2009) Whole-grain intake and cereal fiber are associated with lower abdominal adiposity in older adults. J Nutr 139, 19501955.
4 Lutsey, PL, Jacobs, DR, Kori, S, et al. (2007) Whole grain intake and its cross-sectional association with obesity, insulin resistance, inflammation, diabetes and subclinical CVD: The MESA Study. Br J Nutr 98, 397405.
5 Pereira, MA, Jacobs, DR, Pins, JJ, et al. (2002) Effect of whole grains on insulin sensitivity in overweight hyperinsulinemic adults. Am J Clin Nutr 75, 848855.
6 Jang, Y, Lee, JH, Kim, OY, et al. (2001) Consumption of whole grain and legume powder reduces insulin demand, lipid peroxidation, and plasma homocysteine concentrations in patients with coronary artery disease: randomized controlled clinical trial. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 21, 20652071.
7 Behall, KM, Scholfield, DJ & Hallfrisch, J (2006) Whole-grain diets reduce blood pressure in mildly hypercholesterolemic men and women. J Am Diabet Assoc 106, 14451449.
8 Katcher, HI, Legro, RS, Kunselman, AR, et al. (2008) The effects of a whole grain-enriched hypocaloric diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors in men and women with metabolic syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr 87, 7990.
9 Andersson, A, Tengblad, S, Karlstrom, B, et al. (2007) Whole-grain foods do not affect insulin sensitivity or markers of lipid peroxidation and inflammation in healthy, moderately overweight subjects. J Nutr 137, 14011407.
10 Jenkins, DJ, Kendall, CW, Augustin, LS, et al. (2002) Effect of wheat bran on glycemic control and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 25, 15221528.
11 Brownlee, IA, Moore, C, Chatfield, M, et al. (2010) Markers of cardiovascular risk are not changed by increased whole-grain intake: the WHOLEheart study, a randomised, controlled dietary intervention. Br J Nutr 104, 125134.
12 Estruch, R, Martínez-González, MA, Corella, D, et al. (2006) Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 145, 111.
13 Fitó, M, Guxens, M, Corella, D, et al. (2007) Effect of a traditional Mediterranean diet on lipoprotein oxidation: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 167, 11951203.
14 Salas-Salvadó, J, Fernández-Ballart, J, Ros, E, et al. (2008) Effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts on metabolic syndrome status: one-year results of the PREDIMED randomized trial. Arch Intern Med 168, 24492458.
15 Kelly, SAM, Summerbell, CD & Brynes, A, et al. (2007) Wholegrain cereals for coronary heart disease. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, issue 2, CD005051. http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD005051/frame.html.
16 Life Sciences Research Office (2008) Whole Grain Intake and Cardiovascular Disease and Whole Grain Intake and Diabetes: A Review. Bethesda, MD: Life Sciences Research Office.
17 Priebe, MG, van Binsbergen, JJ & de Vos, R, et al. (2008) Whole grain foods for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, issue 1, CD006061. http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD006061/frame.html.
18 Hu, FB, Rimm, EB, Stampfer, MJ, et al. (2000) Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 912921.
19 Kant, AK (2004) Dietary patterns and health outcomes. J Am Diet Assoc 104, 615635.
20 Newby, PK & Tucker, KL (2004) Empirically derived eating patterns using factor or cluster analysis: a review. Nutr Rev 62, 177203.
21 Schulze, MB & Hoffmann, K (2006) Methodological approaches to study dietary patterns in relation to risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Br J Nutr 95, 860869.
22 Lockheart, MS, Steffen, LM, Rebnord, HM, et al. (2007) Dietary patterns, food groups and myocardial infarction: a case–control study. Br J Nutr 98, 380387.
23 Jacobs, DR Jr, Gross, MD & Tapsell, LC (2009) Food synergy: an operational concept for understanding nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 1543S1548S.
24 Anonymous (1994) The effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other cancers in male smokers. The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group. N Engl J Med 330, 10291035.
25 Ebbing, M, Bønaa, KH, Nygård, O, et al. (2009) Cancer incidence and mortality after treatment with folic acid and vitamin B12. JAMA 302, 21192126.

In defence of phytochemical-rich dietary patterns

  • Nicola M. McKeown (a1) and David R. Jacobs (a2)

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