Arthur, JR & Beckett, GJ (1999) Thyroid function. Br Med Bull 55, 658–668.
Arthur, JR, Beckett, GJ & Mitchell, JH (1999) The interactions between selenium and iodine deficiencies in man and animals. Nutr Res Rev 12, 55–73.
Berger, MM, Lemarchand-Béraud, T, Cavadini, C & Chioléro, R (1996) Relations between the selenium status and the low T 3 syndrome after major trauma. Intensive Care Med 22, 575–581.
Berger, MM, Reymond, MJ, Shenkin, A, Rey, F, Wardle, C, Cayeux, C, Schindler, C & Chiolero, RL (2001) Influence of selenium supplements on the post-traumatic alterations of the thyroid axis: a placebo-controlled trial. Intensive Care Med 27, 91–100.
Calomme, MR, Vanderpas, JB, Francois, B, Van Caillie-Bertrand, M, Herchuelz, A, Vanovervelt, N, Van Hoorebeke, C & Vanden Berghe, DA (1995) Thyroid function parameters during a selenium repletion/depletion study in phenylketonuric subjects. Experentia 51, 1208–1215.
Chanoine, J-P, Neve, J, Wu, S, Vanderpas, J & Bourdoux, P (2001) Selenium decreases thyroglobulin concentrations but does not affect the increased thyroxine-to-triiodothyronine ratio in children with congenital hypothyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 86, 1160–1163.
Cinaz, P, Karakas, DS, Camurdan, MO, Bideci, A, Ayvali, ED & Yucel, C (2004) Goiter prevalence, serum selenium, and urine iodine status in a previously iodine-deficient area in Turkey. Biol Trace Elem Res 100, 185–193.
Combs, GF Jr (2001) Selenium in global food systems. Br J Nutr 85, 517–547.
Diplock, A (1993) Indexes of selenium status in human populations. Am J Clin Nutr 57, 256S–258S.
Duffield, AJ & Thomson, CD (1999) A comparison of methods of assessment of dietary selenium intakes in Otago, New Zealand. Br J Nutr 82, 131–138.
Duffield, AJ, Thomson, CD, Hill, KE & Williams, S (1999) An estimation of selenium requirements for New Zealanders. Am J Clin Nutr 70, 896–903.
Erdogan, M, Erdogan, G, Sav, H, Gullu, S & Kamel, N (2001) Endemic goiter, thiocyanate overload, and selenium status in school-age children. Biol Trace Elem Res 79, 121–130.
Jacobson, BH & Lockitch, G (1988) Direct determination of selenium in serum by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry with deuterium background detection and a reduced palladium modifier: age-specific reference ranges. Clin Chem 34, 709–714.
Kvícala, J, Zamrazil, V, Soutorová, M & Tomíska, F (1995) Correlations between parameters of body selenium status and peripheral thyroid parameters in the low selenium region. Analyst 120, 959–965.
Larsen, EH, Hansen, M, Paulin, H, Moesgaard, S, Reid, M & Rayman, M (2004) Speciation and bioavailability of selenium in yeast-based intervention agents used in cancer chemoprevention studies. J AOAC Int 87, 225–232.
Moxon, RED & Dixon, EJ (1980) Semi-automatic method for the determination of total iodine in foods. Analyst 105, 344–352.
Napolitano, G, Bonomini, M, Bomba, G, Bucci, I, Todisco, V, Albertazzi, A & Monaco, F (1996) Thyroid function and plasma selenium in chronic uremic patients on hemodialysis treatment. Biol Trace Elem Res 55, 221–230.
Olivieri, O, Girelli, D, Azzini, M, Stanzila, AM, Russo, C, Ferroni, M & Corrocher, R (1995) Low selenium status in the elderly influences thyroid hormones. Clin Sci 89, 637–642.
Olivieri, O, Girelli, D & Stanzial, AM (1996) Selenium, zinc, and thyroid hormones in healthy subjects. Biol Trace Elem Res 51, 31–41.
Paglia, DC & Valentine, WN (1967) Studies on quantitative and qualitative characterization of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. J Lab Clin Med 70, 158–169.
Paterson, E (2000) Selenium, oxidant stress and smoking. PhD Thesis, University of Otago.
Pettersson, J, Hansson, L, Ornemark, U & Olin, A (1988) Fluorimetry of selenium in body fluids after digestion with nitric acid, magnesium nitrate hexahydrate, and hydrochloric acid. Clin Chem 34, 1908–1910.
Ravaglia, G, Forti, P, Maioli, F, Nesi, B, Pratelli, L, Savarino, L, Cucinotta, D & Cavalli, G (2000) Blood micronutrient and thyroid hormone concentrations in the oldest-old. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85, 2260–2265.
Rayman, MP (2004) The use of high-selenium yeast to raise selenium status: how does it measure up?. Br J Nutr 92, 557–573.
Robinson, MF (1989) Selenium in human nutrition in New Zealand. Nutr Rev 47, 99–107.
Skeaff, S, Ferguson, E, Valeix, P, Gibson, R & Thomson, CD (2005) Are breast-fed infants and toddlers in New Zealand at risk of iodine deficiency?. Nutrition 21, 325–331.
Skeaff, SA, Thomson, CD & Gibson, RS (2002) Mild iodine deficiency in a sample of New Zealand schoolchildren. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 1169–1175.
Terwolbeck, K, Behne, D, Meinhold, H, Menzel, H & Lombeck, I (1993) Increased plasma T4-levels in children with low selenium state due to reduced type I iodothyronine 5'deiodinase activity?. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 7, 53–55.
Thomson, CD (2004 a) Assessment of requirements for selenium and adequacy of selenium status: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 391–402.
Thomson, CD (2004 b) Selenium and iodine intakes and status in New Zealand and Australia. Br J Nutr 91, 661–672.
Thomson, CD, Colls, AJ, Conaglen, JV, Macormack, M, Stiles, M & Mann, J (1997 a) Iodine status of New Zealand residents as assessed by urinary iodide excretion and thyroid hormones. Br J Nutr 78, 901–912.
Thomson, CD, Colls, AJ, Styles, M & Conaglen, J (1997 b) Urinary iodide excretion in New Zealand residents. In Trace Elements in Man and Animals TEMA–9, pp. 118–119 [Fischer, PWF, L'Abbé, MR, Cockell, KA, Gibson, RS, editors]. Ottawa: NRC Research Press.
Thomson, CD, Packer, MA, Butler, JA, Duffield, AJ, O'Donaghue, KL & Whanger, PD (2001 a) Urinary selenium and iodine during pregnancy and lactation. J Trace Elem Med Biol 14, 210–217.
Thomson, CD & Robinson, MF (1996) The changing selenium status of New Zealand residents. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 107–114.
Thomson, CD, Robinson, MF, Butler, JA & Whanger, PD (1993) Long-term supplementation with selenate and selenomethionine: selenium and glutathione peroxidase ( EC 184.108.40.206) in blood components of New Zealand women. Br J Nutr 69, 577–588.
Thomson, CD, Robinson, MF, Campbell, DR & Rea, HM (1982) Effect of prolonged supplementation with daily supplements of selenomethionine and sodium selenite on glutathione peroxidase activity in blood of New Zealand residents. Am J Clin Nutr 36, 24–31.
Thomson, CD, Woodruffe, S, Colls, AJ, Joseph, J & Doyle, TC (2001 b) Urinary iodine and thyroid status of New Zealand residents. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 387–392.
Tiran, B, Tiran, A, Rossipal, E & Lorenz, O (1993) Simple decomposition procedure for determination of selenium in whole blood, serum and urine by hydride generation atomic absorption spectroscopy. J Trace Elem Electrolytes Health Dis 7, 211–216.
Watkinson, JH (1979) Semi-automated flurometric determination of nanogram quantities of selenium in biological material. Analyt Chim Acta 105, 319–325.
World Health Organization, United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund & International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (1994) Indicators for Assessing Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Their Control Through Salt Iodization. Geneva: WHO.
Zagrodzki, P, Szmigiel, H, Ratajczak, R, Szybinski, Z & Zachwieja, Z (2000) The role of selenium in iodine metabolism in children with goiter. Environ Health Perspect 108, 67–71.
Zimmerman, M & Kohrle, J (2002) The impact of iron and selenium deficiencies on iodine and thyroid metabolism: biochemistry and relevance to public health. Thyroid 12, 867–878.