Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of early feed restriction on myofibre types and expression of growth-related genes in the gastrocnemius muscle of crossbred broiler chickens

  • Yue Li (a1), Lixia Yuan (a1), Xiaojing Yang (a1), Yingdong Ni (a1), Dong Xia (a1), Stephan Barth (a2), Roland Grossmann (a3) and Ru-Qian Zhao (a1)...

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate and long-term effects of early feed restriction (ER) on morphology and gene expression of lateral gastrocnemius muscle. Newly hatched crossbred broiler chickens were allocated into control and ER groups, the latter being free-fed on alternate days from hatch to 14 days of age (14 d), followed by ad libitum feeding as the control group until 63 d. The lateral gastrocnemius muscle was taken at 14 and 63 d, respectively for myofibre typing by both myosin ATPase staining and relative quantification of myosin heavy chain (MyHC) mRNA for slow-twitch (SM), red fast-twitch (FRM) and white fast-twitch (FWM) myofibres. The body weight and lateral gastrocnemius weight were significantly lower in the ER group, accompanied by significantly reduced serum triiodothyronine. The ER group exhibited significantly higher SM and FRM MyHC expression at 14 d, but lower SM expression at 63 d. Myosin ATPase staining revealed a similar pattern. The percentage of SM was higher at 14 d while lower at 63 d in the ER group. These morphological changes were accompanied by changes of mRNA expression for growth-related genes. The ER group expressed lower insulin-like growth factoar I (IGF-I) and higher IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) at 14 d, yet significantly increased growth hormone receptor and IGF-IR mRNA at 63 d. These results indicate that ER may delay the slow to fast myofibre conversion as an immediate effect, but would result in a lower percentage of slow fibres owing to compensatory growth in the long term, which involves changes of mRNA expression for the growth-related genes in the muscle.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Effect of early feed restriction on myofibre types and expression of growth-related genes in the gastrocnemius muscle of crossbred broiler chickens
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Effect of early feed restriction on myofibre types and expression of growth-related genes in the gastrocnemius muscle of crossbred broiler chickens
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Effect of early feed restriction on myofibre types and expression of growth-related genes in the gastrocnemius muscle of crossbred broiler chickens
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr Ru-Qian Zhao, fax 00862584398669, email yzwj@public1.ptt.js.cn

References

Hide All
Acar, N, Sizemore, FG, Leach, GR, Wideman, RF, Owen, RL & Barbato, GF (1995) Growth of broiler chickens in response to feed restriction regimens to reduce ascites. Poult Sci 74, 833843.
Ashmore, CR & Doerr, L (1971) Comparative aspects of muscle fiber types in different species. Exp Neurol 31, 408418.
Bandman, E & Rosser, BWC (2000) Evolutionary significance of myosin heavy chain. Microsc Res Techniq 50, 473491.
Brown, CR, Palmer, WK & Bechtel, PJ (1990) Effects of food restriction on stretch induced muscle hypertrophy in chickens of various ages. Comp Biochem Physiol A 95, 321324.
Buyse, J & Decuypere, E (1999) The role of the somatotrophic axis in the metabolism of the chicken. Domest Anim Endocrinol 17, 245255.
Camacho, MA, Suarez, ME, Herrera, JG, Cuca, JM & Garcia-Bojalil, CM (2004) Effect of age of feed restriction and microelement supplementation to control ascites on production and carcass characteristics of broilers. Poult Sci 83, 526532.
Chen, Q, Moore, LA, Wick, M & Bandman, E (1997) Identification of a genomic locus containing three slow myosin heavy chain genes in the chicken. Biochim Biophys Acta 1353, 148156.
Chomczynski, P & Sacchi, N (1987) Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction. Anal Biochem 162, 156159.
Deaton, JW (1995) The effect of early feed restriction on broiler performance. Poult Sci 74, 12801286.
Demmelmair, H, von Rosen, J & Koletzko, B (2006) Long-term consequences of early nutrition. Early Hum Dev 82, 567574.
de Moura, EG & Passos, MC (2005) Neonatal programming of body weight regulation and energetic metabolism. Biosci Rep 25, 251269.
Dewil, E, Darras, VM, Spencer, GS, Lauterio, TJ & Decuypere, E (1999) The regulation of GH-dependent hormones and enzymes after feed restriction in dwarf and control chickens. Life Sci 64, 13591371.
Gauthier, G, Lowey, S, Benfield, PA & Hobbs, AW (1982) Distribution and properties of myosin isozymes in developing avian and mammalian skeletal muscle fibers. J Cell Biol 92, 471484.
Goddard, C, Johnson, R, Gilhooley, HJ, Gardner, JO, Gray, A, Wilkie, RS & Butterwith, SC (1996) Decreased muscle cell proliferation in chicks with a deletion in the GH receptor gene. J Mol Endocrinol 17, 6778.
Goerzen, PR, Julsrud, WL & Robinson, FE (1996) Duration of fertility in ad libitum and feed-restricted caged broiler breeders. Poult Sci 75, 962965.
Gunning, P & Hardeman, E (1991) Multiple mechanisms regulate muscle fiber diversity. FASEB J 5, 30643070.
Halevy, O, Hodik, V & Mett, A (1996) The effects of growth hormone on avian skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation and differentiation. Gen Comp Endocrinol 101, 4352.
Hickey, MS, Carey, JO, Azevedo, JL, Houmard, JA, Pories, WJ, Israel, RG & Dohm, GL (1995) Skeletal muscle fiber composition is related to adiposity and in vitro glucose transport rate in humans. Am J Physiol 268, E453E457.
Hiramatsu, K, Nagao, K & Kita, K (2005) Localization of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in the chicken liver after fasting and refeeding: demonstration by using antigen retrieval immunohistochemistry. J Vet Med Sci 67, 393397.
Hoogenraad, TU, Jennekens, FG & Tan, KE (1979) Histochemical fibre types in human extraocular muscles, an investigation of inferior oblique muscle. Acta Neuropathol (Berl) 45, 7378.
Khajavi, M, Rahimi, S, Hassan, ZM, Kamali, MA & Mousavi, T (2003) Effect of feed restriction early in life on humoral and cellular immunity of two commercial broiler strains under heat stress conditions. Br Poult Sci 44, 490497.
Kim, H, Barton, E, Muja, N, Yakar, S, Pennisi, P & Leroith, D (2005) Intact insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I receptor signaling is required for growth hormone effects on skeletal muscle growth and function in vivo. Endocrinology 146, 17721779.
Kita, K, Tomas, FM, Owens, PC, Knowles, SE, Forbes, BE, Upton, Z, Hughes, R & Ballard, FJ (1996) Influence of nutrition on hepatic IGF-I mRNA levels and plasma concentrations of IGF-I and IGF-II in meat-type chickens. J Endocrinol 149, 181190.
Korach-Andre, M, Gounarides, J, Deacon, R, Beil, M, Sun, D, Gao, J & Laurent, D (2005) Age and muscle-type modulated role of intramyocellular lipids in the progression of insulin resistance in nondiabetic Zucker rats. Metabolism 54, 522528.
Krestel-Rickert, DH, Baile, CA & Buonomo, FC (1986) Changes in insulin, glucose and GH concentrations in fed chickens. Physiol Behav 37, 361363.
Kuhn, ER, Herremans, M, Dewil, E, Vanderpooten, A, Rudas, P, Bartha, T, Verheyen, G, Berghman, L & Decuypere, E (1991) Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is not thyrotropic but somatotropic in fed and starved adult chickens. Reprod Nutr Dev 31, 431439.
Kwakkel, RP, Hof, G, Zandstra, T & Ducro, BJ (1998) Diphasic allometric growth of some skeletal bones and the digestive tract in White Leghorn pullets consuming ad libitum and restricted diets. Poult Sci 77, 826833.
Langley-Evans, SC, Bellinger, L & McMullen, S (2005) Animal models of programming: early life influences on appetite and feeding behaviour. Matern Child Nutr 1, 142148.
Lee, KH & Leeson, S (2001) Performance of broilers fed limited quantities of feed or nutrients during seven to fourteen days of age. Poult Sci 80, 446454.
Lefaucheur, L, Milan, D, Ecolan, P & Le Callennec, C (2004) Myosin heavy chain composition of different skeletal muscles in Large White and Meishan pigs. J Anim Sci 82, 19311941.
Leili, S, Buonomo, FC & Scanes, CG (1997) The effects of dietary restriction on insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and II, and IGF-binding proteins in chickens. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 216, 104111.
Maltin, C, Balcerzak, D, Tilley, R & Delday, M (2003) Determinants of meat quality: tenderness. Proc Nutr Soc 62, 337347.
Maxwell, A, Butterwick, R, Batt, RM & Camacho-Hubner, C (1999) Serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I concentrations are reduced by short-term dietary restriction and restored by refeeding in domestic cats (Felis catus). J Nutr 129, 18791884.
Maxwell, MH, Robertson, GW, Anderson, IA, Dick, LA & Lynch, M (1991) Haematology and histopathology of seven-week-old broilers after early food restriction. Res Vet Sci 50, 290297.
Moore, DT, Ferket, PR & Mozdziak, PE (2005 a) Early post-hatch fasting induces satellite cell self-renewal. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 142, 331339.
Moore, DT, Ferket, PR & Mozdziak, PE (2005 b) The effect of early nutrition on satellite cell dynamics in the young turkey. Poult Sci 84, 748756.
Morishita, D, Sasaki, K, Wakita, M & Hoshino, S (1993) Effect of fasting on serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels and IGF-I-binding activity in cockerels. J Endocrinol 139, 363370.
Muroya, S, Nakajima, I & Chikuni, K (2002) Related expression of MyoD and Myf5 with myosin heavy chain isoform types in bovine adult skeletal muscles. Zoolog Sci 19, 755761.
Oksbjerg, N, Gondret, F & Vestergaard, M (2004) Basic principles of muscle development and growth in meat-producing mammals as affected by the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system. Domest Anim Endocrinol 27, 219240.
Palo, PE, Sell, JL, Piquer, FJ, Soto-Salanova, MF & Vilaseca, L (1995 a) Effect of early nutrient restriction on broiler chickens. 1. Performance and development of the gastrointestinal tract. Poult Sci 74, 88101.
Palo, PE, Sell, JL, Piquer, FJ, Vilaseca, L & Soto-Salanova, MF (1995 b) Effect of early nutrient restriction on broiler chickens. 2. Performance and digestive enzyme activities. Poult Sci 74, 14701483.
Pinheiro, DF, Cruz, VC, Sartori, JR & Vicentini Paulino, ML (2004) Effect of early feed restriction and enzyme supplementation on digestive enzyme activities in broilers. Poult Sci 83, 15441550.
Rushbrook, JI, Huang, J, Weiss, C, Yao, TT, Siconolfi-Baez, L & Becker, E (1998) Protein and mRNA analysis of myosin heavy chains in the developing avian pectoralis major muscle. J Muscle Res Cell Motil 19, 157168.
Scanes, CG & Griminger, P (1990) Endocrine-nutrition interactions in birds. J Exp Zool Suppl 4, 98105.
Su, G, Sorensen, P & Kestin, SC (1999) Meal feeding is more effective than early feed restriction at reducing the prevalence of leg weakness in broiler chickens. Poult Sci 78, 949955.
Tanabe, R, Muroya, S & Chikuni, K (1998) Sequencing of the 2a, 2x, and slow isoforms of the bovine myosin heavy chain and the different expression among muscles. Mamm Genome 9, 10561058.
Tanaka, M, Hayashida, Y, Sakaguchi, K, Ohkubo, T, Wakita, M, Hoshino, S & Nakashima, K (1996) Growth hormone-independent expression of insulin-like growth factor I messenger ribonucleic acid in extrahepatic tissues of the chicken. Endocrinology 137, 3034.
Tidyman, WE, Moore, LA & Bandman, E (1997) Expression of fast myosin heavy chain transcripts in developing and dystrophic chicken skeletal muscle. Dev Dynam 208, 491504.
Vadaszova, A, Zacharova, G, Machacova, K, Jirmanova, I & Soukup, T (2004) Influence of thyroid status on the differentiation of slow and fast muscle phenotypes. Physiol Res 1, Suppl, S57S61.
Wegner, J, Albrecht, E, Fiedler, I, Teuscher, F, Papstein, HJ & Ender, K (2000) Growth- and breed-related changes of muscle fiber characteristics in cattle. J Anim Sci 78, 14851496.
Widdowson, EM & McCance, RA (1963) The effect of finite periods of undernutrition at different ages on the composition and subsequent development of the rat. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 158, 329342.
Wu, G, Bazer, FW, Wallace, JM & Spencer, TE (2006) Board-invited review: intrauterine growth retardation: implications for the animal sciences. J Anim Sci 84, 23162337.
Zhao, R, Wang, Y, Zhou, Y, Ni, Y, Lu, L, Grossmann, R & Chen, J (2004 a) Dietary daidzein influences laying performance of ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) and early post-hatch growth of their hatchlings by modulating gene expression. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 138, 459466.
Zhao, RQ, Yang, XJ, Xu, QF, Wei, XH, Xia, D & Chen, J (2004 b) Expression of GHR and PGC-1alpha in association with changes of MyHC isoform types in longissimus muscle of Erhualian and Large White pigs (Sus scrofa) during postnatal growth. Animal Science 79, 203211.
Zhong, C, Nakaue, HS, Hu, CY & Mirosh, LW (1995) Effect of full feed and early feed restriction on broiler performance, abdominal fat level, cellularity, and fat metabolism in broiler chickens. Poult Sci 74, 16361643.

Keywords

Effect of early feed restriction on myofibre types and expression of growth-related genes in the gastrocnemius muscle of crossbred broiler chickens

  • Yue Li (a1), Lixia Yuan (a1), Xiaojing Yang (a1), Yingdong Ni (a1), Dong Xia (a1), Stephan Barth (a2), Roland Grossmann (a3) and Ru-Qian Zhao (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed