National Research Council (2011) Replacement of marine resources: effects of alternative ingredients and strategies on nutritional quality. In Nutrient Requirements of Fish, pp. 304–322. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Montero, D, Kalinowski, T, Obach, A, et al. (2003) Vegetable lipid sources for gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata): effects on fish health. Aquaculture
Montero, D, Grasso, V, Izquierdo, MS, et al. (2008) Total substitution of fish oil by vegetable oils in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) diets: effects on hepatic Mx expression and some immune parameters. Fish Shellfish Immunol
Mourente, G, Good, JE & Bell, JG (2005) Partial substitution of fish oil with rapeseed, linseed and olive oils in diets for European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.): effects on flesh fatty acid composition, plasma prostaglandins E2 and F2α, immune function and effectiveness of a fish oil finishing diet. Aquac Nutr
Mourente, G, Good, JE, Thompson, KD, et al. (2007) Effects of partial substitution of dietary fish oil with blends of vegetable oils, on blood leucocyte fatty acid compositions, immune function and histology in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.). Br J Nutr
Bell, JG, Strachan, F, Good, JE, et al. (2006) Effect of dietary echium oil on growth,fatty acid composition and metabolism, gill prostaglandin production and macrophage activity in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). Aquac Res
Lin, YH & Shiau, SY (2007) Effects of dietary blend of fish oil with corn oil on growth and non-specific immune responses of grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus. Aquac Nutr
Ganga, R, Bell, JG, Montero, D, et al. (2005) Effect of feeding gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) with vegetable lipid sources on two potential immunomodulator products: prostanoids and leptins. Comp Biochem Physiol B
Olsen, RE, Myklebust, R, Kaino, T, et al. (1999) Lipid digestibility and ultrastructural changes in the enterocytes of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.) fed linseed oil and soybean lecithin. Fish Physiol Biochem
Caballero, MJ, Obach, A, Rosenlund, G, et al. (2002) Impact of different dietary lipid sources on growth, lipid digestibility, tissue fatty acid composition and histology of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
Benedito-Palos, L, Navarro, JC, Sitjá-Bobadilla, A, et al. (2008) High levels of vegetable oils in plant protein-rich diets fed to gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.): growth performance, muscle fatty acid profiles and histological alterations of target tissues. Br J Nutr
Kjaer, MA, Vegusdal, A, Gjøen, T, et al. (2008) Effect of rapeseed oil and dietary n-3 fatty acids on triacylglycerol synthesis and secretion in Atlantic salmon hepatocytes. Biochim Biophys Acta
Kortner, TM, Gu, J, Krogdahl, A, et al. (2012) Transcriptional regulation of cholesterol and bile acid metabolism after dietary soyabean meal treatment in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Br J Nutr
Gatlin, DM III, Barrows, FT, Brown, P, et al. (2007) Expanding the utilization of sustainable plant products in aquafeeds: a review. Aquac Res
Montero, D & Izquierdo, M (2010) Welfare and health of fish fed vegetable oils as alternative lipid sources to fish oil. In Fish Oil Replacement and Alternative Lipid Sources in Aquaculture Feeds, pp. 439–485 [GM Turchini, WK Ng and DR Tocher, editors]. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis.
Halliwell, B & Chirico, S (1993) Lipid peroxidation: its mechanism, measurement, and significance. Am J Clin Nutr
López-Bote, CJ, Diez, A, Corraze, G, et al. (2001) Dietary protein source affects the susceptibility to lipid peroxidation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) muscle. Anim Sci
Menoyo, D, Izquierdo, MS, Robaina, L, et al. (2004) Adaptation of lipid metabolism, tissue composition and flesh quality in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) to the replacement of dietary fish oil by linseed and soyabean oils. Br J Nutr
Rueda-Jasso, R, Conceição, LEC, Dias, J, et al. (2004) Effect of dietary non-protein energy levels oncondition and oxidative status of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles. Aquaculture
Peng, SM, Chen, LQ, Qin, JG, et al. (2008) Effects of replacement of dietary fish oil by soybean oil on growth performance and liver biochemical composition in juvenile black seabream, Acanthopagrus schlegeli. Aquaculture
Kiron, V, Thawonsuwan, J, Panigrahi, A, et al. (2011) Antioxidant and immune defences of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) offered plant oils differing in fatty acid profiles from early stages. Aquac Nutr
Ostbye, TK, Kjaer, MA, Rora, AMB, et al. (2011) High n-3 HUFA levels in the diet of Atlantic salmon affect muscle and mitochondrial membrane lipids and their susceptibility to oxidative stress. Aquac Nutr
Gao, J, Koshio, S, Ishikawa, M, et al. (2012) Effects of dietary palm oil supplements with oxidized and non-oxidized fish oil on growth performances and fatty acid compositions of juvenile Japanese sea bass, Lateolabrax japonicas
Ng, WK, Chong, CY, Wang, Y, et al. (2013) Effects of dietary fish and vegetable oils on the growth, tissue fatty acid composition, oxidative stability and vitamin E content of red hybrid tilapia and efficacy of using fish oil finishing diets. Aquaculture
Bañuelos-Vargas, I, López, LM, Pérez-Jiménez, A, et al. (2014) Effect of fishmeal replacement by soy protein concentrate with taurine supplementation on hepatic intermediary metabolism and antioxidant status of totoaba juveniles (Totoaba macdonaldi). Comp Biochem Physiol B
Alvarez, MJ, López-Bote, CJ, Díez, A, et al. (1998) Dietary fish oil and digestible protein modify susceptibility to lipid peroxidation in the muscle of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Br J Nutr
Alvarez, ML, López-Bote, CJ, Díez, A, et al. (1999) The partial substitution of digestible protein with gelatinized starch as an energy source reduces susceptibility to lipid oxidation in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) muscle. J Anim Sci
Pérez-Jiménez, A, Hidalgo, MC, Morales, AE, et al. (2009) Antioxidant enzymatic defenses and oxidative damage in Dentex dentex fed on different dietary macronutrient levels. Comp Biochem Physiol C
Castro, C, Pérez-Jiménez, A, Guerreiro, I, et al. (2012) Effects of temperature and dietary protein level on hepatic oxidative status of Senegalese sole juveniles (Solea senegalensis). Comp Biochem Physiol A
Wang, LN, Liu, WB, Lu, KL, et al. (2014) Effects of dietary carbohydrate/lipid ratios on non-specific immune responses, oxidative status and liver histology of juvenile yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco
Kjaer, MA, Aursnes, IA, Berge, GM, et al. (2014) The influence of different dietary oil qualities on growth rate, feed utilization and oxidative stress in Atlantic cod. Aquac Nutr
Mourente, G, Bell, JG & Tocher, DR (2007) Does dietary tocopherol level affect fatty acid metabolism in fish?
Fish Physiol Biochem
Lushchak, VI (2011) Environmentally induced oxidative stress in aquatic animals. Aquat Toxicol
Aminikhoei, Z, Choi, J, Lee, SM, et al. (2013) Effects of different dietary lipid sources on gowth performance, fatty acid composition, and antioxidant enzyme activity of juvenile rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli
. J World Aquacult
Kjaer, MA, Todorcevic, M, Torstensen, BE, et al. (2008) Dietary n-3 HUFA affects mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation capacity and susceptibility to oxidative stress in Atlantic salmon. Lipids
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (2000) Official Methods of Analysis. Gaithersburg, MD: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
Beutler, HO (1984) Starch. In Methods of Enzymatic Analysis
6, pp. 2–10 [HU Bergmeyer, editor]. Basel: Verlag, Chemie Weinheim.
Santha, NC & Ackman, RG (1990) Nervonic acid versus tricosanoic acid as internal standards in quantitative gas chromatographic analyses of fish oil longer-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. J. Chromatogr Biomed Appl
Castro, C, Corraze, G, Panserat, S, et al. (2014) Effects of fish oil replacement by a vegetable oil blend on digestibility, postprandial serum metabolite profile, lipid and glucose metabolism of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles. Aquac Nutr (epublication ahead of print version 29 October 2014).
McCord, JM & Fridovich, I (1969) Superoxide dismutase: an enzymic function for erythrocuprein. J Biol Chem
Aebi, H (1984) Catalase in vitro
. Methods Enzymol
Flohé, L & Günzler, WA (1984) Assay of glutathione peroxidase. Methods Enzymol
Morales, AE, Pérez-Jiménez, A, Hidalgo, MC, et al. (2004) Oxidative stress and antioxidant defenses after prolonged starvation in Dentex dentex liver. Comp Biochem Physiol C
Morales, AE, García Rejón, L & de la Higuera, M (1990) Influence of handling and/or anaesthesia on stress response in rainbow trout. Effects on liver primary metabolism. Comp Biochem Physiol A
Bradford, M (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein using the principle of protein dye-binding. Anal Biochem
Griffith, OW (1980) Determination of glutathione and glutathione disulfide using gluthatione reductase and 2-vinylpyridine. Anal Biochem
Vandeputte, C, Guizon, I, Genestie-Denis, I, et al. (1994) A microtiter plate assay for total glutathione and glutathione disulfide contents in cultured/isolated cells: performance study of a new miniaturized protocol. Cell Biol Toxicol
Buege, JA & Aust, SD (1978) Microsomal lipid peroxidation. Methods Enzymol
Castro, C, Corraze, G, Pérez-Jiménez, A, et al. (2015) How dietary carbohydrates and lipid source affect lipid and glucose metabolism of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles? Br J Nutr (epublication ahead of print version 26 August 2015).
Lygren, B & Hemre, GI (2001) Influence of dietary carbohydrate on antioxidant enzyme activities in liver of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Aquac Int
Sagone, AL, Greenwald, J, Kraut, EH, et al. (1983) Glucose: a role as a free radical scavenger in biological systems. J Lab Clin Med
Nelson, DL & Cox, MM (2004) Glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, and the pentose phosphate pathway. In
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry
, 4th ed., pp. 521–559 [DL Nelson and MM Cox, editors]. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Wu, G, Fang, YZ, Yang, S, et al. (2004) Glutathione metabolism and its implications for health. J Nutr
Olsvik, PA, Kristensen, T, Waagbo, R, et al. (2005) mRNA expression of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT and GSHPx) and lipid peroxidative stress in liver of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) exposed to hyperoxic water during smoltification. Comp Biochem Physiol C
Olsvik, PA, Kristensen, T, Waagbo, R, et al. (2006) Effects of hypo- and hyperoxia on transcription levels of five stress genes and the glutathione system in liver of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua
. J Exp Biol
Heier, LS, Lien, IB, Strømseng, AE, et al. (2009) Speciation of lead, copper, zinc and antimony in water draining a shooting range – time dependant metal accumulation and biomarker responses in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Sci Tot Environ
Karlsson, A, Heier, LS, Rosseland, BO, et al. (2011) Changes in arterial PO2, physiological blood parameters and intracellular antioxidants in free-swimming Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) exposed to varying levels of hyperoxia. Fish Physiol Biochem
Pérez-Jiménez, A, Peres, H, Cruz Rubio, V, et al. (2012) The effect of hypoxia on intermediary metabolism and oxidative status in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) fed on diets supplemented with methionine and white tea. Comp Biochem Physiol C
Peres, H, Santos, S & Oliva-Teles, A (2012) Selected plasma biochemistry parameters in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) juveniles. J Appl Ichthyol
Rosenlund, G, Corraze, G, Izquierdo, M, et al. (2010) The effects of fish oil replacement on nutritional and organoleptic qualities of farmed fish. In Fish Oil Replacement and Alternative Lipid Sources in Aquaculture Feeds CRC Press, pp. 487–522 [GM Turchini, WK Ng and DR Tocher, editors]. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis.
Wen, H, Feng, L, Jiang, W, et al. (2014) Dietary tryptophan modulates intestinal immune response, barrier function, antioxidant status and gene expression of TOR and Nrf2 in young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish Shellfish Immunol
Zhao, Y, Hu, Y, Zhou, XQ, et al. (2015) Effects of dietary glutamate supplementation on growth performance, digestive enzyme activities and antioxidant capacity in intestine of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Aquac Nutr (epublication ahead of print version 10 January 2015).
Zhang, JX, Guo, LY, Feng, L, et al. (2013) Soybean β-conglycinin induces inflammation and oxidation and causes dysfunction of intestinal digestion and absorption in fish. PLOS ONE
Enes, P, Pérez-Jiménez, A, Peres, H, et al. (2012) Oxidative status and gut morphology of white sea bream, Diplodus sargus fed soluble non-starch polysaccharide supplemented diets. Aquaculture
Nagata, H, Takekoshi, S, Takagi, T, et al. (1999) Antioxidativeaction offlavonoids, quercetin and catechin, mediated by the activation of glutathione peroxidise. Tokai J Exp Clin Med
Martín, MÁ, Serrano, ABG, Ramos, S, et al. (2010) Cocoa flavonoids up-regulate antioxidant enzyme activity via the ERK1/2 pathway to protect against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells. J Nutr Biochem
Procházková, D, Boušová, I & Wilhelmová, N (2011) Review: antioxidant and prooxidant properties of flavonoids. Fitoterapia
Sitjà-Bobadilla, A, Peña-Llopis, S, Gómez-Requeni, P, et al. (2005) Effect of fish meal replacement by plant protein sources on non-specific defence mechanisms and oxidative stress in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). Aquaculture
Saera-Vila, A, Benedito-Palos, L, Sitjà-Bobadilla, A, et al. (2009) Assessment of the health and antioxidant trade-off in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) fed alternative diets with low levels of contaminants. Aquaculture
Olsvik, PA, Torstensen, BE & Berntssen, MHG (2007) Effects of complete replacementof fish oil with plant oil on gastrointestinal cell death, proliferation and transcription of eight genes’ encoding proteins responding to cellular stress in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. J. Fish Biol
Morais, S, Silva, T, Carneiro, O, et al. (2012) Effects of genotype and dietary fish oil replacement with vegetable oil on the intestinal transcriptome and proteome of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). BMC Genomics
Trenzado, C, Hidalgo, MC, García-Gallego, M, et al. (2006) Antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in sturgeon Acipenser naccarii and trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. A comparative study. Aquaculture