1 Korea National Statistical Office (2009) .
2 Ministry for Health Welfare and Family Affairs (2009) .
3 Doll, R & Peto, R (1981) The causes of cancer: quantitative estimates of avoidable risks of cancer in the United States today. J Natl Cancer Inst 66, 1191–1308.
4 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (1997) Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: American Institute for Cancer Research.
5 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (2007) Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: American Institute for Cancer Research.
6 Kolonel, LN, Henderson, BE, Hankin, JH, et al. (2000) A multiethnic cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles: baseline characteristics. Am J Epidemiol 151, 346–357.
7 Stram, DO, Hankin, JH, Wilkens, LR, et al. (2000) Calibration of the dietary questionnaire for a multiethnic cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles. Am J Epidemiol 151, 358–370.
8 Chlebowski, RT, Pettinger, M, Stefanick, ML, et al. (2004) Insulin, physical activity, and caloric intake in postmenopausal women: breast cancer implications. J Clin Oncol 22, 4507–4513.
9 The Women's Health Initiative Study Group (1998) Design of the Women's Health Initiative clinical trial and observational study. Control Clin Trials 19, 61–109.
10 Patterson, RE, Kristal, AR, Tinker, LF, et al. (1999) Measurement characteristics of the Women's Health Initiative food frequency questionnaire. Ann Epidemiol 9, 178–187.
11 Kristal, AR, Shattuck, AL & Patterson, RE (1999) Differences in fat-related dietary patterns between black, Hispanic and White women: results from the Women's Health Trial Feasibility Study in minority populations. Public Health Nutr 2, 253–262.
12 Deharveng, G, Charrondiere, UR, Slimani, N, et al. (1999) Comparison of nutrients in the food composition tables available in the nine European countries participating in EPIC. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 60–79.
13 Hoffmann, K, Kroke, A, Klipstein-Grobusch, K, et al. (2002) Standardization of dietary intake measurements by nonlinear calibration using short-term reference data. Am J Epidemiol 156, 862–870.
14 Michels, KB, Welch, AA, Luben, R, et al. (2005) Measurement of fruit and vegetable consumption with diet questionnaires and implications for analyses and interpretation. Am J Epidemiol 161, 987–994.
15 Slimani, N, Kaaks, R, Ferrari, P, et al. (2002) European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study: rationale, design and population characteristics. Public Health Nutr 5, 1125–1145.
16 Voss, S, Charrondiere, UR, Slimani, N, et al. (1998) EPIC-SOFT a European computer program for 24-hour dietary protocols. Z Ernahrungswiss 37, 227–233.
17 Iso, H, Date, C, Noda, H, et al. (2005) Frequency of food intake and estimated nutrient intake among men and women: The JACC Study. J Epidemiol 15, S24–S42.
18 Date, C, Fukui, M, Yamamoto, A, et al. (2005) Reproducibility and validity of a self-administered food frequency questionnaire used in the JACC study. J Epidemiol 15, S9–S23.
19 Shin, A, Lim, SY, Sung, J, et al. (2009) Dietary intake, eating habits, and metabolic syndrome in Korean men. J Am Diet Assoc 109, 633–640.
20 Shin, A, Lim, S, Sung, J, et al. (2009) Dietary habit and bone mineral density in Korean postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int 21, 947–955.
21 Kim, DJ, Shin, DH, Ahn, B, et al. (2003) Chemoprevention of colon cancer by Korean food plant components. Mutat Res , 99–107.
22 Park, K, Kim, S, Suh, M, et al. (1991) Inhibitory effects of garlic on the mutagenicity in salmonella assay system and on the growth of HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells. Korean J Food Sci Technol 23, 370–374.
23 Ahn, Y, Lee, JE, Cho, NH, et al. (2004) Validation and calibration of semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire – with participants of the Korean Health and Genome Study. Korean J Community Nutr 9, 173–182.
24 Kim, MK, Yun, YM & Kim, Y (2008) Developing dish-based food frequency questionnaire for the epiemiology study of hypertension among Korean. Korean J Community Nutr 13, 701–712.
26 The Korean Nutrition Society (2000) .
29 Block, G, Hartman, AM, Dresser, CM, et al. (1986) A data-based approach to diet questionnaire design and testing. Am J Epidemiol 124, 453–469.
30 Ji, SK, Kim, HS & Choi, HM (2008) A study on development and validation of food frequency questionnaire for estimating energy intake of women in child-bearing age. Korean J Community Nutr 13, 111–124.
31 Kim, WY & Yang, EJ (1998) A study on development and validation of food frequency questionnaire for Koreans. Korean J Nutr 31, 220–230.
32 Lee, HJ, Park, SJ, Kim, HJ, et al. (2002) Development and validation of a computerized semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire program for evaluating the nutritional status of the Korean elderly. Korean J Community Nutr 7, 277–285.
33 Won, HS & Kim, WY (2000) Development and validation of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire to evaluate nutritional status of Korean elderly. Korean J Nutr 33, 314–323.
34 Yim, KS, Lee, TY & Park, HS (2003) The development and validation of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of Korean adolescents. Korean J Community Nutr 8, 277–285.
35 McNutt, S, Zimmerman, TP & Hull, SG (2008) Development of food composition databases for food frequency questionnaires (FFQ). J Food Compost Anal 21, S20–S26.
36 Kim, MY, Suh, I, Nam, CM, et al. (2002) The development and evaluation of a simple semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire using the contribution of specific foods to absolute intake and between-person variation of nutrient consumption. Korean J Nutr 35, 250–262.
37 Kim, J, Kim, YJ, Ahn, YO, et al. (2003) Development of a food frequency questionnaire in Koreans. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12, 243–250.
38 Bingham, S (1987) The dietary assessment of individuals: methods, accuracy, new technique and recommendations. Nutr Abstr Rev Ser Hum Exp 57, 705–742.
39 Shahar, D, Fraser, D, Shai, I, et al. (2003) Development of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for an elderly population based on a population survey. J Nutr 133, 3625–3629.
40 Shahar, D, Shai, I, Vardi, H, et al. (2003) Development of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary intake of multiethnic populations. Eur J Epidemiol 18, 855–861.
41 Cade, J, Thompson, R, Burley, V, et al. (2001) Development, validation and utilisation of food-frequency questionnaires – a review. Public Health Nutr 5, 567–587.