1 Mozaffarian, D & Rimm, EB (2006) Fish intake, contaminants, and human health – evaluating the risks and the benefits. JAMA 296, 1885–1899.
2 Kris-Etherton, PM, Harris, WS, Appel, LJ, et al. (2003) Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 23, E20–E31.
3 Goldberg, RJ & Katz, J (2007) A meta-analysis of the analgesic effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for inflammatory joint pain. Pain 129, 210–223.
4 Uauy, R & Dangour, AD (2006) Nutrition in brain development and aging: role of essential fatty acids. Nutr Rev 64, S24–S33.
5 Poulsen, RC, Firth, EC, Rogers, CW, et al. (2007) Specific effects of gamma-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic ethyl esters on bone post-ovariectomy in rats. Calcif Tissue Int 81, 459–471.
6 Parker, G, Gibson, NA, Brotchie, H, et al. (2006) Omega-3 fatty acids and mood disorders. Am J Psychiatry 163, 969–978.
7 Harris, WS & von Schacky, C (2004) The omega-3 index: a new risk factor for death from coronary heart disease? Prev Med 39, 212–220.
8 Hibbeln, JR, Nieminen, LRG, Blasbalg, TL, et al. (2006) Healthy intakes of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids: estimations considering worldwide diversity. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 1483S–1493S.
9 Gebauer, SK, Psota, TL, Harris, WS, et al. (2006) n-3 fatty acid dietary recommendations and food sources to achieve essentiality and cardiovascular benefits. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 1526S–1535S.
10 Arterburn, LM, Oken, HA, Hall, EB, et al. (2008) Algal-oil capsules and cooked salmon: nutritionally equivalent sources of docosahexaenoic acid. J Am Diet Assoc 108, 1204–1209.
11 Elvevoll, EO, Barstad, H, Breimo, ES, et al. (2006) Enhanced incorporation of n-3 fatty acids from fish compared with fish oils. Lipids 41, 1109–1114.
12 Harris, WS, Pottala, JV, Sands, SA, et al. (2007) Comparison of the effects of fish and fish-oil capsules on the n-3 fatty acid content of blood cells and plasma phospholipids. Am J Clin Nutr 86, 1621–1625.
13 Visioli, F, Rise, P, Barassi, MC, et al. (2003) Dietary intake of fish vs. formulations leads to higher plasma concentrations of n-3 fatty acids. Lipids 38, 415–418.
14 Mozaffarian, D (2009) Fish, mercury, selenium and cardiovascular risk: current evidence and unanswered questions. Int J Environ Res Public Health 6, 1894–1916.
15 Thomson, CD (2004) Selenium and iodine intakes and status in New Zealand and Australia. Br J Nutr 91, 661–672.
16 Flores-Mateo, G, Navas-Acien, A, Pastor-Barriuso, R, et al. (2006) Selenium and coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 762–773.
17 Rayman, MP (2005) Selenium in cancer prevention: a review of the evidence and mechanism of action. Proc Nutr Soc 64, 527–542.
18 Rayman, MP (2000) The importance of selenium to human health. Lancet 356, 233–241.
19 Russell, D, Parnell, WR & Wilson, N (1999) NZ Food: NZ People Key Results of the 1997 National Nutrition Survey. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
20 Larsen, D, Quek, SY & Eyres, L (2010) Effect of cooking method on the fatty acid profile of New Zealand King Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Food Chem 119, 785–790.
21 Kolanowski, W, Jaworska, D & Weissbrodt, J (2007) Importance of instrumental and sensory analysis in the assessment of oxidative deterioration of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich foods. J Sci Food Agric 87, 181–191.
22 Freeman, MP & Sinha, P (2007) Tolerability of omega-3 fatty acid supplements in perinatal women. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 77, 203–208.
23 Stonehouse, W, Kruger, A, Smuts, CM, et al. (2010) Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids and liver enzymes in HIV-infected subjects: the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 729–735.
24 Jacobson, BE & Lockitch, G (1988) Direct determination of selenium in serum by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry with deuterium background correction and a reduced palladium modifier: age-specific reference ranges. Clin Chem 34, 709–714.
25 Thomson, CD, Robinson, MF, Campbell, DR, et al. (1982) Effect of prolonged supplementation with daily supplements of selenomethionine and sodium selenite on glutathione peroxidase activity in blood of New Zealand residents. Am J Clin Nutr 36, 24–31.
26 Thomson, CD, Robinson, MF, Butler, JA, et al. (1993) Long-term supplementation with selenate and selenomethionine: selenium and glutathione peroxidase (EC 184.108.40.206) in blood components of New Zealand women. Br J Nutr 69, 577–588.
27 Society AOCs (1993) Official Methods and Recommended Practice of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 5th ed. Champaign, IL: AOCS Press.
28 Ministry of Economic Development (2009) Consolidated List of Approvals Relating to Part II of the Tariff of New Zealand. Wellington: Ministry of Economic Development.
29 Brown, AJ, Pang, E & Roberts, DC (1991) Persistent changes in the fatty acid composition of erythrocyte membranes after moderate intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: study design implications. Am J Clin Nutr 54, 668–673.
30 Katan, MB, Deslypere, JP, van Birgelen, A, et al. (1997) Kinetics of the incorporation of dietary fatty acids into serum cholesteryl esters, erythrocyte membranes, and adipose tissue: an 18-month controlled study. J Lipid Res 38, 2012–2022.
31 Cao, J, Schwichtenberg, KA, Hanson, NQ, et al. (2006) Incorporation and clearance of omega-3 fatty acids in erythrocyte membranes and plasma phospholipids. Clin Chem 52, 2265–2272.
32 Thomson, CD, McLachlan, SK, Parnell, WR, et al. (2007) Serum selenium concentrations and dietary selenium intake of New Zealand children aged 5–14 years. Br J Nutr 97, 357–364.
33 Thorngren, M & Akesson, B (1987) Effect of dietary fish on plasma selenium and its relation to haemostatic changes in healthy adults. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 57, 429–435.
34 Thomson, CD (2004) Assessment of requirements for selenium and adequacy of selenium status: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 391–402.